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Digital News Report 2020

Data slides from our annual report in to news consumption worldwide, covering 80,000 digital news users across 40 countries

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Digital News Report 2020

  1. 1. @risj_oxford | #DNR20 Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2020 You are welcome to use the data and slides in this report for any purpose (commercial or non-commercial) in return for simple attribution under a Creative Commons license Please cite as: Newman, Nic, Richard Fletcher, Anne Schulz, Simge Andı, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen. 2020. Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2020. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism.
  2. 2. World’s biggest ongoing news survey 80,000 respondents 40 Markets 1 2 4 6 5 3 Continents 6
  3. 3. Methodology RESEARCH CONDUCTED ONLINE IN JANUARY/EARLY FEBRUARY 2020 3 Country Sample size Internet penetration UK 2,011 95% Austria 2,005 88% Belgium 2,010 94% Bulgaria 2,006 67% Croatia 2,009 92% Czech Rep. 2,006 88% Denmark 2,061 98% Finland 2,050 94% France 2,038 92% Germany 2,011 96% Greece* 2,015 73% Hungary 2,011 89% Netherlands 2,014 96% Country Sample size Internet penetration Norway 2,010 98% Poland 2,008 78% Portugal 2,012 78% Romania 2,017 74% Slovakia 2,018 85% Spain 2,006 93% Sweden 2,091 96% Switzerland 2,012 94% Turkey* 2,017 83% USA 2,055 89% Argentina* 2,007 93% Brazil* 2,058 71% Canada 2,002 93% Country Sample size Internet penetration Chile* 2,005 77% Mexico* 2,023 66% Australia 2,131 89% Hong Kong 2,023 89% Japan 2,006 93% Malaysia* 2,013 81% Philippines* 2,019 72% Singapore 2.014 88% South Korea 2,304 96% Taiwan 1,027 93% Kenya (18-54)* 2,003 87% South Africa* 2,006 55% Polling by Supported by *more urban samples RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  4. 4. Headlines RISJ Digital News Report 2020 4 Coronavirus has increased demand for news but economics more uncertain More people subscribing or donating to news but this is unlikely to work for all Trust in the news continues to fall, with partisanship a key factor. How to rebuild trust? Most people blame politicians, but some blame the media Curated editorial products are helping to engage audiences young and old MISINFORMATION
  5. 5. Impact of lockdowns on news habits … 5 Average weekly reach for news across six countries Jan- April 2020 (UK, US, Germany, Spain, S Korea, Argentina) BBC Bulletins up 30% in April Online news +2 Social media +5 Print -2 TV NEWS +16 INCREASE Jan- Apr UK ACROSS SIX COUNTRIES TV news +5 RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  6. 6. Impact of lockdowns – GERMANY 6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Jan-20 Apr-20 SOURCES OF NEWS 2013-20, GERMANY - % accessing weekly TV Print Online (incl. social media) Social media 82% 66% 63% 18% TV Social Print 70% 70% 33% 34% 26% 39% 69% 72% RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  7. 7. Online traffic also up - before falling back RISJ Digital News Report 2020 7 SOME TRUSTED BRANDS BENEFIT DISPROPORTIONATELY SOURCE: BBC. Note: Unique browsers does not necessarily equate to people as they can be related to different devices or web browsers NumberofdailyUKuniquebrowsers 01 Jan 2020 08 Jan 2020 15 Jan 2020 22 Jan 2020 29 Jan 2020 05 Feb 2020 12 Feb 2020 19 Feb 2020 26 Feb 2020 04 Mar 2020 11 Mar 2020 18 Mar 2020 25 Mar 2020 01 Apr 2020 08 Apr 2020 15 Apr 2020 22 Apr 2020 29 Apr 2020 0 5 Million 10 Million 15 Million 20 Million 25 Million 30 Million UK traffic to BBC News website – unique browsers SOCIAL DISTANCING AND LOCKDOWN 12 March Government announces first shielding measures 6 April Boris Johnson admitted to hosital Number of daily browsers initially doubles before falling back
  8. 8. Paying for online news @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  9. 9. More people are paying for online news 9 Of these, majority now paying for digital-only subscriptions Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year? Base: Total sample in each market = 2000.
  10. 10. Proportion that paid for any online news in last year 2014-20 Selected countries RISJ Digital News Report 2020 10 Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year? Total 2014–20 samples ≈ 2000. Note: 9 country average includes USA, UK, France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Denmark, Japan, and Finland.
  11. 11. Winner takes most dynamics persisting 11 …. In Norway and United States many now combine with local newspaper or specialist title PAY3. You said that you currently have access to a single news brand. Please list all of the online brands you’d normally have to pay for that you currently have access to. Base: All who have access to a single news brand: USA = 584, UK = 269, Norway = 751 Top paid brands – UK, US and Norway Getting on for half of subscriptions going to a few big national brands
  12. 12. Why do people subscribe? 12 DISTINCTIVE CONTENT “I believe support of quality journalism is important and I think the Atlantic is quality journalism” - M,38, The Atlantic subscriber CONVENIENCE/PRICE “I have an excellent discount with my Prime subscription and with the excellent reporting …there's no reason not to continue it” - F,64 Washington Post SUPPORT JOURNALISM (MISSION) “It's never been a more important time to fund great, vetted journalism like the Times and the Post” - F,59, New York Times subscriber 65% USA 64% UK 44% Norway 57% USA 58% UK 51% Norway 52% USA 39% UK 21% Norway
  13. 13. Churn at similar level to Netflix/Spotify etc RISJ Digital News Report 2017 13
  14. 14. What might persuade non payers to pay for online news? 14 “It is too expensive. I felt there was nothing I couldn't get for free on Apple News” Female, 19, UK Lower price and greater convenience look the most likely options but nothing would persuade many… MORE VALUABLE CONTENT AD-FREE CHEAPER/FLEXIBLE NOTHING 35% USA 30% UK 47% Norway 16% USA 9% UK 23% Norway 50% UK 40% USA 19% Norway 14% USA 14% UK 16% Norway
  15. 15. Donation and memberships on the rise 15 Around 4% donate to a news organisations in the United States, 3% in Spain and 1% in the UK
  16. 16. Donation and memberships on the rise 16 Proportion that donated to each brand – UK, US and Norway Around 4% donate to a news organisations in the United States, 3% in Spain and 1% in the UK
  17. 17. Proportion that think registering with a news outlet is a fair trade off for free access RISJ Digital News Report 2020 17 Proportion that have done each to get around news paywalls
  18. 18. Regional & Local News @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  19. 19. Proportion very or extremely interested in local news 19 All Markets RISJ Digital News Report 2020 Across 40 markets 47% say they are very or extremely interested in local news.
  20. 20. Proportion very or extremely interested in local news by age 20 Selected Countries RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  21. 21. Proportion that use each as a source for local news 21 All Markets RISJ Digital News Report 2020 Selected Countries
  22. 22. Local newspapers would be missed when they are gone ... 22 Proportion of readers that would miss paper ‘a lot’ L4_2020. How much would you miss your local newspaper/website if it went out of business? Showing code ‘a lot’. Base: Those who consume local newspapers in last week. Germany = 1136, Norway = 1283, US = 730, UK = 835. But they are valued more in some countries than others RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  23. 23. Trust in the news @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  24. 24. Trust news overall Trust news I use Trust news in search Trust news in social 38% (-4) 46% (-3) 31% (-1) 22% (-1) Q6_2016_1/_6/_2/_3. Thinking about news in general , do you agree or disagree with the following statements? - I think you can trust most news most of the time/ the news I consume / the news in social media / the news in search engine. Base: All 40 Markets: 80155 Trust in the news is down across the board 24 Falls in all measures of trust this year when compared with 2019 RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  25. 25. 56% 56% 55% 52% 51% 50% 48% 48% 46% 45% 45% 45% 45% 44% 44% 40% 39% 39% 38% 38% 38% 37% 36% 36% 33% 33% 33% 30% 30% 29% 29% 28% 28% 28% 27% 27% 25% 24% 23% 21% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% FIN POR TUR NLD BRA KEN ZA IRE DEN GER NOR POL BEL CAN SUI AUT CRO MEX SWE AUS ROU JPN SPA SGN CZE ARG BRG CHL HK ITA USA GRE SVK UK HUN PHL MYS TWN FRA KOR Trust in the news is down across the board Less than four-in-ten 38% (-4) say they trust most news most of the time most news most of the time. Big falls countries where politics and the media is divided -12 -15 -16 -3 -11 -8 -11 -6 -7 -11 -3 -4 RISJ Digital News Report 2020 Q6_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement: I think you can trust most news most of the time. Showing agrees/strongly agrees. Base: Total sample in each market 2020
  26. 26. Big fall in trust by those who self-identify on the left -UK 26 Q6_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement: - I think you can trust most news most of the time. Base: UK=2011, Left=352, Right=260 Trust in the news by political allegiance 2015-2020 46% 39% 37% 39% 38% 15% 58% 57% 50% 42% 41% 36% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Left Right Brexit vote Divisive 2019 Election Trust in the news overall 28% (-12) RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  27. 27. 27 TRUST IN THE NEWS OVERALL 29% (-3) 35% 34% 51% 49% 53% 39% 25% 23% 20% 17% 9% 13% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Left Right New election cycleTrump elected Q6_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement: - I think you can trust most news most of the time. Base: US=2055, Left=507, Right=458 In the US, those on the right have lower trust in the news Trust in the news by political allegiance 2015-2020, United States
  28. 28. Neutral or partial news? @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  29. 29. Most prefer news with no point of view 29 15% 17% 13% 14% 34% 30% 43% 80% 78% 76% 68% 55% 60% 51% 5% 6% 11% 18% 11% 10% 6% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Germany Japan UK Denmark Spain US Brazil Share your point of view No point of view Challenge your point of view Q5c_2013. Thinking about the different kinds of news available to you, do you prefer getting news from sources that share/challenge/have no point of view Base: Total sample in each country (excluding DKs), US=1760, UK=1659, Germany=1624, France=1437, Italy=1762, Spain=1756, Denmark=1611, Japan=1538, Brazil=1901 Given the choice majority say they prefer news that at least tries to be neutral. Preference is strongest in countries with strong tradition of impartial public broadcasting RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  30. 30. 30 8% 20% 21% 81% 69% 70% 11% 11% 9% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% TV News Social media Printed newspapers Share point of view No point of view Challenge point of view 42% 35% 28% 51% 56% 66% 7% 8% 6% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% TV News (24 hour) Social media Printed newspapers Share point of view No point of view Challenge point of view UNITED STATES UNITED KINGDOM Neutral or partial news by main source In the US those that use TV news (CNN Fox etc.) as a main source are most likely to prefer partial news, more than social media. In the UK those that use TV (BBC, ITV etc.) are most likely to say they prefer news with no point of view
  31. 31. 31 33% 43% 28% 56% 49% 58% 10% 9% 14% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% TV news Social media Printed newspapers Share point of view No point of view Challenge point of view 43% 47% 41% 52% 48% 49% 5% 5% 10% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% TV news Social media Printed newspapers Share point of view No point of view Challenge point of view SPAIN BRAZIL Neutral or partial news by main source In Spain and Brazil, we see all three media sources being associated with a preference for partial news – and social media playing the biggest role.
  32. 32. 32% 51% 17% 34% 52% 14% 31% 57% 12% 26% 62% 11% 24% 66% 10% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Share point of view No point of view Challenge point of view 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55+ Q5c_2013. Thinking about the different kinds of news available to you, do you prefer… Base: 18-24 = 8639, 25-24= 12603, 35-44 = 12643, 45-54 = 11605, 55+ = 23773 Neutral or partial news by age Partial or impartial by age – All countries Young people are less committed to news with no point of view and more interested in news that shares their point of view
  33. 33. Misinformation @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  34. 34. Proportion concerned about what is real and fake when it come to news on the internet Highest concern in Brazil, lowest in the Netherlands
  35. 35. 35 40% Most concerned about behaviour of politicians ALL COUNTRIES More people are concerned about false or misleading information from politicians than any other sources 14% Most concerned about behaviour of activists 13% Most concerned about behaviour of journalists 10% Most concerned about behaviour of foreign governments 13% Most concerned about behaviour of ordinary people Q_FAKE_NEWS_2020b. Which of the following, if any, are you most concerned about online? False or misleading information from… Base: Total sample = 80155.
  36. 36. Left more concerned about politicians (e.g. Trump), right more likely to blame the news media 36 Q_FAKE_NEWS_2020b. Which of the following, if any, are you most concerned about online? Please select one. False or misleading information from…Base: US=2055, UK=2011 49% 9% 35% 43% 0% 25% 50% Domestic politicians/parties Journalists and news organisations Proportion most concerned about each Left Right United States 61% 11% 27% 17% 0% 25% 50% Domestic politicians/parties Journalists and news organisations Proportion most concerned about each Left Right United Kingdom
  37. 37. Channels of misinformation? 37 Facebook or WhatsApp are seen as biggest conduit for misinformation in almost every country More in … Philippines, Denmark, Italy, More in … Brazil, Kenya, Mexico, Spain More in … S Korea, Taiwan More in … Japan, Germany More in … Turkey, Japan 29% Facebook 14% Messenger apps 10% Search e.g. Google 6% YouTube 6% Twitter Proportion who find each most concerning as platform for potentially false or misleading information
  38. 38. Networks generating most concern around the world 38 FAKE_NEWS_2020c. Which of the following, if any, are you most concerned about online? Please select one. False or misleading information from…Base: Total sample in each market = 2000; Taiwan = 1027.
  39. 39. 39 47% 35% 10% 6% 29% 24% 6% 5% 31% 12% 4% 7%2% 7% 4% 32% 7% 3% 15% 7% 7% 9% 25% 35% 0% 20% 40% 60% Philippines USA Korea Japan Kenya Brazil Facebook YouTube Twitter Messaging (e.g. WhatsApp) FAKE_NEWS_2020c. Which of the following, if any, are you most concerned about online? Please select one. False or misleading information from Base Total Sample in each country: Philippines =2019, US=2055, S Korea=2304, Japan=2006, Kenya=2003, Brazil=2058 Most concerning platform for false and misleading information SELECTED COUNTRIES
  40. 40. Should we block unreliable information? @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  41. 41. 52% Report prominently “Report the statement prominently because it is important for the public to know what the politician said” 29% Not emphasise “Not emphasise the statement because it would give the politician unwarranted attention” 19% Don’t know More interested and educated more likely to want media to report prominently so can make up own mind Majority feel news media have a duty to report statements by politicians (even if unreliable) J1_2020. Thinking about how the news media covers politics, if a politician makes a statement that could be false, which comes closer to your view about what the news media should do? Base: all markets.
  42. 42. Those interested in politics are more in favour of the news media reporting a politician’s statements (even if unreliable) J1_2020. Thinking about how the news media covers politics, if a politician makes a statement that could be false, which comes closer to your view about what the news media should do? Base: Not at all/Not very/Somewhat/Very/Extremely interested in politics: All markets: 6212/15809/28790/19790/9599.
  43. 43. 58% Block ads “Allow the advertisement because it's not up to technology companies to decide what is true” 26% Allow ads “Block the advertisement because technology companies should be responsible for making sure information on their platform is true” 19% Don’t know Majority feel social media should block political advertisements if could be unreliable … J3_2020. Thinking about the responsibility of technology companies like Facebook, Google or Twitter, if a politician or political party takes out an advertisement that could be inaccurate, which comes closer to your view about what technology companies should do? Base: all markets.
  44. 44. Gateways and devices @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  45. 45. Gateways to news - all ages Side door access continues to grow RISJ Digital News Report 2020 45
  46. 46. Gateways to news – younger audiences Side door access continues to grow RISJ Digital News Report 2020 46
  47. 47. Q12a. Which, if any, of the following have you used for any purpose in the last week? Please select all that apply Base: ‘Main’ 12 market average: UK, USA, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Australia, Brazil & Japan (10 market average for 2014 exl Australia & Ireland) Social networks for any purpose – over time AVERAGE OF 12 COUNTRIES • Biggest growth for WhatsApp and Instagram • Facebook Inc 85% reach
  48. 48. Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for news in the last week? Please select all that apply Base: ‘Main’ 12 market average: UK, USA, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Australia, Brazil & Japan (10 market average for 2014 exl Australia & Ireland) 36% 36% 9% 12% 6% 8% 2% 11% 1% 3% 7% 16%16% 21% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Social networks for news – over time AVERAGE OF 12 COUNTRIES Instagram now almost as important as Twitter for news RISJ Digital News Report 2020 48
  49. 49. 15% 25% 35% 45% 55% 65% 75% 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Smartphone use continues to grow over time RISJ Digital News Report 2020 49 Spain73% 58% 59% 58% access news via smartphone across all 40 markets 69% +3 62% 8b Which, if any, of the following devices have you used to access news in the last week? Base: Total sample in each market Selected countries UK France USA Germany
  50. 50. 50 8b6_5. You say you use the following devices to access news in the last week, which is your MAIN way of accessing online news? Base: All who use devices for news, UK = 1778 29% 62% 67% 43% 16% 26% 5% 0% 30% 60% 90% 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Smartphone Computer Tablet Smart speaker Growth of smartphone - UK % using for news
  51. 51. 51 Smart speakers continuing to grow … but news use remains low
  52. 52. 4% 11% 14% 29% 3% 8% 11% 22% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 USA - All USA - iPhone users UK - All UK - iPhone users Q10c. When using the internet for news, have you used any of the following sites or mobile apps that aggregate different news links in the last week? Selected: Apple News (the app called News or the news stories that appear on the today screen of an iPhone, iPad) Base: All USA: 2,055; USA Apple Smartphone news users: 530; UK:2011; UK Apple Smartphone news users: 583 Reach of Apple News with iPhone users (and all) 2016- 2020
  53. 53. United States 17% 11% 3% 4% United Kingdom 6% 8% 2% 2% Germany 14% 5% 5% 2% France 20% 5% 3% 2% Spain NA 7% 6% 5% Japan 21% 5% 2% 1% ALL COUNTRIES 23% 7% 5% 3% Apple News Reach of mobile aggregators in the last week SELECTED COUNTRIES Q10c. When using the internet for news, have you used any of the following sites or mobile apps that aggregate different news links in the last week? Base: All markets 2020– USA: 2,055; UK: 2,011; Germany: 2,011; France: 2,038; Spain: 2,006; Japan: 2,006
  54. 54. 54 Email and mobile notifications – weekly use over time SELECTED COUNTRIES Q10. Thinking about how you got news online (via computer, mobile or any device) in the last week, which were the ways in which you came across news stories? Please select all that apply. Got news via an email newsletter or email alert. Base: All markets 2020 – USA: 2,055; UK: 2,011; France: 2,038; Spain: 2,006; Finland: 2,050;
  55. 55. Email news @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  56. 56. Proportion that accessed news via email in the last week 56 All Markets RISJ Digital News Report 2020 Q10. Thinking about how you got news online (via computer, mobile, or any device) in the last week, which were the ways in which you came across news stories? Please select all that apply. Showing email newsletter or email alert code. Base: All markets 2020 = approx. 2000.
  57. 57. Email newsletters 57 60% 38% 23% 20% 20% 19% 15% Daily general news Local news Business news Science/Environment Sports email Technology Specialist email relating to my work Newsletters that arrive at a regular time each day or each week Morning update has 17m subscribers, daily host 16% get news via email across countries, 21% in the United States RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  58. 58. Proportion that accessed news via email and mobile notifications in the last week by age 58RISJ Digital News Report 2020 Q10. Thinking about how you got news online (via computer, mobile, or any device) in the last week, which were the ways in which you came across news stories? Please select all that apply. Got news via an email newsletter or mobile notification. Base: USA 2055, 18–24 = 248, 25–34 = 369, 35–44 = 339, 45–54 = 238, 55+ = 860. USA
  59. 59. Average number of emails users receive from different news organisations 59RISJ Digital News Report 2020Q10b_EMAIL_2020. You say you get news via an email newsletter or alert. Roughly how many different organisations send you news related emails each week? Base: Those who get news via an email newsletter or alert: USA = 420; UK = 188, Belgium =
  60. 60. Podcasts @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  61. 61. Podcasts provide convenient audio briefing 61 A third use podcasts regularly across 20 countries, news now a key part of the mix RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  62. 62. Proportion that used podcasts monthly and radio news weekly by age - UK RISJ Digital News Report 2020 62
  63. 63. Podcasts provide convenient audio briefing 63 50% say podcasts give deeper understanding of issues than other types of media 31% use podcasts regularly across 20 countries, news now a key part of the mix RISJ Digital News Report 2020
  64. 64. Proportion that used each type of podcast in the last month by age - US RISJ Digital News Report 2020 64
  65. 65. Proportion of podcast listeners that use each platform 65 Selected Countries RISJ Digital News Report 2020 POD2. Which of the following apps or websites do you mainly use to find Base: All that listened to podcasts in the last month: UK = 440, USA =746
  66. 66. Proportion of podcast listeners that use each platform 66 Selected Countries RISJ Digital News Report 2020 POD2. Which of the following apps or websites do you mainly use to find Base: All that listened to podcasts in the last month: Sweden = 741., Australia=690
  67. 67. Audio and video preferences @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  68. 68. Proportion that prefer to read, watch or listen online BY REGION BY EDUCATION
  69. 69. 69 Net: Any shown Note Turkey is an urban sample which will inflate usage figures 95%93% 89%89%88% 84% 81%80%79%79%79%77%77%76%75%73%71%70%70%69%68% 64%63%62%62%62%61%60% 57%55%54%53%53%51%49%48%48% 43%41%39% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% TUR KEN PHL HK MEX BRA ZA BRG TWN CHL MYS KOR CRO GRE POL ROU SVK HUN ARG SGN SPA CZE ITA POR CAN IRE USA AUS SUI NOR FIN AUT BEL JPN NLD FRA SWE GER DEN UK 67% consume video news online weekly AVERAGE OF 40 MARKETS Q11_VIDEO. Thinking about consuming online news video (of any kind) over the last week, which of the following did you do? Please select all that apply. Net: Any Base: Total sample in each market 2020. Note: Turkey and Kenya are urban samples that will inflate figures Proportion accessing video news weekly ALL MARKETS
  70. 70. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 70 Proportion that accessed online news videos via each platform in the last week - Hong Kong and UK
  71. 71. News & Climate Change @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  72. 72. Proportion that think climate change is very or extremely serious – All markets RISJ Digital News Report 2020 72
  73. 73. Proportion that think climate change is very or extremely serious by political leaning RISJ Digital News Report 2020 73
  74. 74. Sources of Climate Change News RISJ Digital News Report 2020 74
  75. 75. Proportion that says media provide accurate information on climate change – All markets RISJ Digital News Report 2020 75
  76. 76. Country and market data EUROPE @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  77. 77. Reach of UK news brands (offline and online )
  78. 78. United Kingdom – Changing media
  79. 79. United Kingdom – Trust
  80. 80. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 80
  81. 81. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 81 Austria – Changing media
  82. 82. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 82 Austria – Trust
  83. 83. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 83
  84. 84. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 84 Belgium – Weekly Reach (French)
  85. 85. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 85 Belgium – Changing Media
  86. 86. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 86 Belgium – Trust
  87. 87. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 87RISJ Digital News Report 2020 61
  88. 88. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 88 Bulgaria – Changing media
  89. 89. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 89 Bulgaria – Trust
  90. 90. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 90
  91. 91. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 91 Croatia – Changing media
  92. 92. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 92 Croatia – Trust
  93. 93. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 93
  94. 94. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 94 Czech Republic – Changing media
  95. 95. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 95 Czech Republic-Trust
  96. 96. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 96
  97. 97. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 97 Denmark – Changing media
  98. 98. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 98 Denmark - Trust
  99. 99. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 99
  100. 100. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 100 Finland – Changing media
  101. 101. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 101 Finland – Trust
  102. 102. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 102
  103. 103. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 103 France – Changing media
  104. 104. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 104 France – Trust
  105. 105. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 105
  106. 106. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 106 Germany – Changing media
  107. 107. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 107 Germany – Trust
  108. 108. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 108
  109. 109. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 109 Greece – Changing media
  110. 110. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 110 Greece – Trust
  111. 111. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 111
  112. 112. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 112 Hungary – Changing media
  113. 113. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 113 Hungary – Trust
  114. 114. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 114
  115. 115. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 115 Ireland – Changing media
  116. 116. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 116 Ireland – Trust
  117. 117. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 117
  118. 118. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 118 Italy – Changing media
  119. 119. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 119 Italy – Trust
  120. 120. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 120
  121. 121. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 121 Netherlands – Changing media
  122. 122. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 122 Netherlands – Trust
  123. 123. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 123
  124. 124. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 124 Norway – Changing media
  125. 125. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 125 Norway – Trust
  126. 126. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 126
  127. 127. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 127 Poland – Changing media
  128. 128. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 128 Poland – Trust
  129. 129. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 129
  130. 130. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 130 Portugal – Changing media
  131. 131. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 131 Portugal – Trust
  132. 132. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 132
  133. 133. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 133 Romania – Changing media
  134. 134. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 134 Romania – Trust
  135. 135. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 135
  136. 136. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 136 Slovakia – Changing media
  137. 137. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 137 Slovakia – Trust
  138. 138. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 138
  139. 139. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 139 Spain – Changing media
  140. 140. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 140 Spain – Trust
  141. 141. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 141
  142. 142. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 142 Sweden – Changing media
  143. 143. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 143 Sweden – Trust
  144. 144. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 144
  145. 145. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 145 Switzerland – Weekly Reach (French)
  146. 146. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 146 Switzerland – Changing media
  147. 147. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 147 Switzerland – Trust
  148. 148. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 148
  149. 149. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 149 Turkey – Changing media
  150. 150. RISJ Digital News Report 2020 150 Turkey – Trust
  151. 151. Country and market data AMERICAS @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  152. 152. United States – Changing media
  153. 153. United States – Trust
  154. 154. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users
  155. 155. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Argentina – Changing media
  156. 156. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Argentina – Trust
  157. 157. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users
  158. 158. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Brazil – Changing media
  159. 159. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Brazil – Trust
  160. 160. English
  161. 161. French
  162. 162. Canada – Changing media
  163. 163. Canada – Trust
  164. 164. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users
  165. 165. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Chile – Changing media
  166. 166. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Chile – Trust
  167. 167. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users
  168. 168. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Mexico – Changing media
  169. 169. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Mexico – Trust
  170. 170. Country and market data ASIA PACIFIC @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  171. 171. Australia – Changing media
  172. 172. Australia – Trust
  173. 173. Hong Kong – Changing media
  174. 174. Hong Kong – Trust
  175. 175. Japan – Changing media
  176. 176. Japan – Trust
  177. 177. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users
  178. 178. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Malaysia – Changing media
  179. 179. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Malaysia – Trust
  180. 180. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users
  181. 181. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Philippines – Changing media
  182. 182. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Philippines – Trust
  183. 183. Singapore – Changing media
  184. 184. Singapore – Trust
  185. 185. South Korea – Changing media
  186. 186. South Korea – Trust
  187. 187. Taiwan – Changing media
  188. 188. Taiwan – Trust
  189. 189. Country and market data AFRICA @risj_oxford | #DNR20
  190. 190. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users
  191. 191. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Kenya – Changing media
  192. 192. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users Kenya - Trust
  193. 193. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users
  194. 194. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users South Africa – Changing media
  195. 195. *Data are from more urban areas, rather than a fully nationally representative sample. These will tend to represent richer and more connected users South Africa – Trust
  196. 196. More information at digitalnewsreport.org @risj_oxford | #DNR20 Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2020 You are welcome to use the data and slides in this report for any purpose (commercial or non-commercial) in return for simple attribution under a Creative Commons license Please cite as: Newman, Nic, Richard Fletcher, Anne Schulz, Simge Andı, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen. 2020. Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2020. Reuters Institute for the Study of

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