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Digital News Report 2018

Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford UniversityReuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University

The use of social media for news has started to fall in a number of key markets after years of continuous growth, according to the 2018 Digital News Report. The report, which covers 37 countries in five continents, reveals that usage is down six percentage points in the United States, and is also down in the UK and France. Almost all of the decline is due to a decrease in the discovery, posting, and sharing of news in Facebook. At the same time, there has been a rise in the use of messaging apps for news as consumers look for more private (and less confrontational) spaces to communicate. WhatsApp is now used for news by around half of the sample of online users in Malaysia (54%) and Brazil (48%) and by around third in Spain (36%) and Turkey (30%). The 2018 Digital News Report, which is based on an online survey of 74,000 people, includes findings on trust, misinformation - or so-called ‘fake news’ - television viewing trends, podcasting, adblockers and voice-activated assistants. For the first time the report also includes news literacy, and brand trust.

Digital News Report 2018

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#DNR18
Reuters Institute
Digital News
Report 2018You are welcome to use the data and slides in this
report for any purpose (commercial or non-
commercial) in return for simple attribution under
a Creative Commons license
We welcome feedback and questions at
info@digitalnewsreport.org
World’s biggest ongoing news survey
74,000
respondents
37 Markets
RISJ Digital News Report 2018 2
RISJ Digital News Report 2018
Methodology
RESEARCH CONDUCTED ONLINE IN JANUARY/EARLY FEBRUARY 2018
3
Country Sample Size
Internet
penetration
USA 2401 96%
UK 2117 95%
Germany 2038 90%
France 2006 87%
Italy 2040 87%
Spain 2023 87%
Portugal 2008 72%
Ireland 2007 94%
Norway 2027 100%
Sweden 2016 93%
Finland 2012 93%
Denmark 2025 97%
Country Sample Size
Internet
penetration
Belgium 2006 88%
Netherlands 2010 95%
Switzerland 2120 89%
Austria 2010 85%
Hungary 2005 81%
Slovakia 2006 85%
Czech Republic 2020 88%
Poland 2005 73%
Romania 2048 63%
Bulgaria 2021 60%
Croatia 2010 74%
Greece 2014 69%
Country Sample Size
Internet
penetration
Turkey* 2019 70%
Japan 2033 93%
Korea, South 2010 93%
Taiwan 1008 88%
Hong Kong 2016 87%
Malaysia 2013 78%
Singapore 2018 84%
Australia 2026 88%
Canada 2022 90%
Brazil* 2007 66%
Argentina 2012 79%
Chile 2008 77%
Mexico* 2007 65%
Polling by Supported by
Key findings
Use of news in
social media goes
into reverse
Heightened
concern over
‘fake’ and
unreliable news –
with implications
for tech platforms
and journalism
Some countries
leaping
ahead with
subscription, but
donation models
also look
interesting
Brand level trust
scores in 37
countries for the
first time
Voice helping
new wave of
innovation
around audio
(podcasts)
Social media DOWN for news…
Q3. Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week as a source of news? (Please select all that apply)/Q10 Thinking about how you
FIND news online, which are the main ways that you come across news stories? - Used social media and came across news that way. Base:
45%
39%
52% (-2) AVERAGE ACROSS ALL COUNTRIES, BIGGER DROPS IN SOME COUNTRIES AFFECTED BY FAKE NEWS
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
36%
31%
USA
UK
FRANCE
GER
RISJ Digital News Report 2018 5
Facebook, Twitter stagnate, others grow
RISJ Digital News Report 2018 6
WEEKLY USE OF NETWORKS FOR NEWS 2014-18, 12 COUNTRY AVERAGE
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
36%
15%
6%
11%
3%
3 REASONS
FOR SHIFT
- Changes to algorithms
- Boredom with Facebook
- More interesting
alternatives
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2014-18, Q12b Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week for news?
Base: Total sample in 12 countries (UK, US, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Australia, Brazil), 10 country average for 2014 excl Australia and Ireland

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Digital News Report 2018

  • 1. #DNR18 Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2018You are welcome to use the data and slides in this report for any purpose (commercial or non- commercial) in return for simple attribution under a Creative Commons license We welcome feedback and questions at info@digitalnewsreport.org
  • 2. World’s biggest ongoing news survey 74,000 respondents 37 Markets RISJ Digital News Report 2018 2
  • 3. RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Methodology RESEARCH CONDUCTED ONLINE IN JANUARY/EARLY FEBRUARY 2018 3 Country Sample Size Internet penetration USA 2401 96% UK 2117 95% Germany 2038 90% France 2006 87% Italy 2040 87% Spain 2023 87% Portugal 2008 72% Ireland 2007 94% Norway 2027 100% Sweden 2016 93% Finland 2012 93% Denmark 2025 97% Country Sample Size Internet penetration Belgium 2006 88% Netherlands 2010 95% Switzerland 2120 89% Austria 2010 85% Hungary 2005 81% Slovakia 2006 85% Czech Republic 2020 88% Poland 2005 73% Romania 2048 63% Bulgaria 2021 60% Croatia 2010 74% Greece 2014 69% Country Sample Size Internet penetration Turkey* 2019 70% Japan 2033 93% Korea, South 2010 93% Taiwan 1008 88% Hong Kong 2016 87% Malaysia 2013 78% Singapore 2018 84% Australia 2026 88% Canada 2022 90% Brazil* 2007 66% Argentina 2012 79% Chile 2008 77% Mexico* 2007 65% Polling by Supported by
  • 4. Key findings Use of news in social media goes into reverse Heightened concern over ‘fake’ and unreliable news – with implications for tech platforms and journalism Some countries leaping ahead with subscription, but donation models also look interesting Brand level trust scores in 37 countries for the first time Voice helping new wave of innovation around audio (podcasts)
  • 5. Social media DOWN for news… Q3. Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week as a source of news? (Please select all that apply)/Q10 Thinking about how you FIND news online, which are the main ways that you come across news stories? - Used social media and came across news that way. Base: 45% 39% 52% (-2) AVERAGE ACROSS ALL COUNTRIES, BIGGER DROPS IN SOME COUNTRIES AFFECTED BY FAKE NEWS 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 36% 31% USA UK FRANCE GER RISJ Digital News Report 2018 5
  • 6. Facebook, Twitter stagnate, others grow RISJ Digital News Report 2018 6 WEEKLY USE OF NETWORKS FOR NEWS 2014-18, 12 COUNTRY AVERAGE 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 36% 15% 6% 11% 3% 3 REASONS FOR SHIFT - Changes to algorithms - Boredom with Facebook - More interesting alternatives Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2014-18, Q12b Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week for news? Base: Total sample in 12 countries (UK, US, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Australia, Brazil), 10 country average for 2014 excl Australia and Ireland
  • 7. Young attracted by newer networks 7 “ What I’ve noticed was Facebook was everything to me but now Snapchat and Instagram are making things more convenient” (US young) Source: Snap and BBC/Instagram RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 8. Discussion of news is moving to messaging… 8 CONTEXT COLLAPSE KICKING IN? “These friends on Facebook are not important for me any more. With my inner circle of friends I communicate via WhatsApp” (M, 20-29, DE) RISJ Digital News Report 2018 “ I’ve actually pulled back from using Facebook a lot since the whole political landscape changed over the last few years because I just find everyone’s got an opinion” (F, 30-45, UK)
  • 9. 9 Use of social networks and messaging apps in the last week RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q12A/B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for any purpose/news in the last week? Base: Total sample in all markets. Note: Also showing change from 2017.
  • 10. 10 Use of Facebook and messaging apps for news in the last week by age - US RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week for news? Base: 18–24/25– 34/35– 44/45–54/55+: 2016 = 175/329/377/300/1016, 2018 = 232/386/441/355/987.
  • 11. 11 Proportion that use WhatsApp and Facebook for each purpose – All markets RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q12_2018_FB/WA. Thinking about the news you get via Facebook/WhatsApp, which of the following have you done in the last week? Base: All that used Facebook/WhatsApp for news in the last week. All markets = 34014/11660.
  • 12. 12 Overlap in use of Facebook and messaging apps for news RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week for news? Base: Total sample in each market.
  • 13. 13 Use of Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp for news SELECTED MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week for news? Base: Total sample in each market.
  • 14. 14 Expression on social media and authorities RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for finding, reading, watching, sharing or discussing news in the last week? Q13a_2018_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I tend to think carefully about expressing my political views openly on the internet because this could get me into trouble with the authorities. Base: Total sample in each market.
  • 16. 16 Smartphone use for news over time (2013-18) SELECTED MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q8B. Which, if any, of the following devices have you used to access news in the last week? Base: Total 2013-18 sample in each market.
  • 17. 17 Main news device in the UK over time 2013-18 UK RISJ Digital News Report 2018 UK8b6_5. You’ve said you use the following devices to access news in the last week, which is your MAIN way of accessing online news? Base: All in 2013–2018 who used a device for news in the last week: UK = 1638/1598/1795/1691/1733/1816.
  • 19. 19 MAIN Gateways to news ALL MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q10a_new2017_rc. Which of these was the MAIN way in which you came across news in the last week? Base: All/under 35s that used a gateway to news in the last week: All markets = 69246/19755.
  • 20. 20 Proportion that say each is main Gateway to news RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 21. 21 Gateways to news by age ALL MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 22. 22 Notifications as a gateway RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 23. 23 More or fewer alerts? RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q10b_2018_2. Thinking about the news notifications you currently receive, which of the following statements do you most agree with? I get too many news notifications/I get the right number of new snotifications/I’d be happy getting more news notifications. Base: All who received a news alert in the last week in each/all markets: Taiwan = 350, US = 448, Sweden = 447, France = 299, Germany = 202, UK = 314, Selected markets = 7494
  • 24. 24 What would encourage news users get news alerts? SELECTED MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q10b_2018_4. You use a mobile device but said you have not received a mobile notification in the last week, which of the following features would encourage you to use or install alerts/notifications for news? Base: All that use a smartphone or tablet but did not receive a news alert in the last week: Selected markets = 44746. Note: This question was not asked in Greece, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Chile.
  • 25. 25 Reach of Public Service Broadcasters online and offline SELECTED MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q5A. Which of the following brands have you used to access news offline in the last week (via TV, radio, print, and other traditional media)? Q5B. Which of the following brands have you used to access news online in the last week (via websites, apps, social media, and other forms of Internet acc3es1s)? Base: Total sample in each market.
  • 26. 26 Weekly online reach of global news brands SELECTED MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q5B. Which of the following brands have you used to access news online in the last week (via websites, apps, social media, and other forms of internet access)? Base: Total sample in each market. Note: Weighted average calculated using population data from Internet World Stats and the World Bank: weighted = (country population * percentage adults * internet penetration * percentage accessed)/total population of all countries surveyed. Brazil, Mexico, and Turkey are not included due to the absence of reliable data about their urban population. Bulgaria is not included to maintain comparability with last year. Figures for NYT are based on data from 15 countries.
  • 28. Different types of trust RISJ Digital News Report 2018 28 ALL 37 MARKETS Uncertainty in distributed environments, information unchecked, hard to distinguish news from rumour... Mostly this about trust in mainstream media and in the sources that people use Trust news overall 44% Trust news I use 51% Trust news in search 34% Trust news in social 23%
  • 29. 29 Proportion that agree you can trust most news most of the time- ALL MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q6_2016_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I think you can trust most news most of the time. Base: Total sample in each market. Note: Also showing change from 2017.
  • 30. 30 Trust in the US by political orientation RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q1F. Some people talk about ‘left’, ‘right’ and ‘centre’ to describe parties and politicians. With mind, where would you place yourself on the following scale? Q6_2018_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I think you can trust most news most of the tim2e3. Base: Left/right: 2016 = 476/591, 2017 = 530/533, 2018 = 567/550.
  • 31. Brand level trust – United Kingdom RISJ Digital News Report 2018 31 • Broadcast most trusted • Quality news brands next • Tabloids, digital born trusted less • Partisan brands more trusted by users 10 POINT SCALE (0 IS UNTRUSTWORTHY, 10 COMPLETELY TRUSTWORTHY Q6_2018. How trustworthy would you say news from the following brands is? Use the scale below, where 0 is ‘not at all trustworthy’ and 10 is ‘completely trustworthy’. Base: Total sample/all who used each brand in the last week.
  • 32. Brand level trust – United States RISJ Digital News Report 2018 32 • Local news and broadcast most trusted • Quality newspapers next • Digital born trusted less • Partisan brands more trusted by users 10 POINT SCALE (0 IS UNTRUSTWORTHY, 10 COMPLETELY TRUSTWORTHY Q6_2018. How trustworthy would you say news from the following brands is? Use the scale below, where 0 is ‘not at all trustworthy’ and 10 is ‘completely trustworthy’. Base: Total sample/all who used each brand in the last week.
  • 33. 33 News brand trust varies in different countries Finland and Spain RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q6_2018. How trustworthy would you say news from the following brands is? Use the scale below, where 0 is ‘not at all trustworthy’ and 10 is ‘completely trustworthy’. Base: Total sample/all who used each brand in the last week.
  • 34. 34 News brand trust by political orientation in different countries RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 35. 35 News brand trust by political orientation in different countries RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 36. 36 News brand trust by age RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 37. 37 News brand trust in different public service broadcasters RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 38. 38 Average news brand trust in different types of news outlets RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q6_2018. How trustworthy would you say news from the following brands is? Use the scale below, where 0 is ‘not at all trustworthy’ and 10 is ‘completely trustworthy’. Base: Total sample/all who used each brand in the last week
  • 40. 85% 71% 69% 66% 66% 66% 65% 64% 63% 63% 62% 61% 60% 60% 60% 60% 58% 57% 55% 53% 51% 50% 50% 49% 49% 48% 47% 46% 44% 43% 42% 41% 38% 37% 36% 36% 30% 54% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Varied concern about whether online news is real or fake RISJ Digital News Report 2018 40 Q_FAKE_NEWS_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement. “Thinking about online news, I am concerned about what is real and what is fake on the internet.” Base: Total sample in each market Brazil Issue in upcoming elections Spain Catalan independence a flashpoint Germany Low level concern post election USA Popularised by Trump and the media itself
  • 41. Rhetoric is fanning the flames 41 In the USA 49% came across this in the past week 31% in UK ‘YOU’RE FAKE NEWS’ % CAME ACROSS POLITICIANS ETC USING FAKE NEWS TO DISCREDIT MEDIA THEY DON’T LIKE
  • 42. Audience definitions of news are much wider 42 What type of ‘fake news’ are people EXPOSED to? ALL MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 see poor journalism, mistakes and clickbait every week 42% complain about spin and agenda- filled news 39% say they have been exposed to completely made up news 26% Only
  • 43. Who bears biggest responsibility to fix the problem? 43 3. GOVERNMENT 61% 1. PUBLISHERS 75% 2. PLATFORMS 71% 41%60% “It’s free speech right? (F, 20-29, USA) “content is now removed within a few hours.” (M, 30–45, Germany)
  • 44. 44 Support for government intervention to combat misinformation RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 45. 45 Proportion that agree each should do more to separate what is real and fake on the internet – by news literacy SELECTED MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q14_2018a_combined2. News literacy scale. Q_FAKE_NEWS_4_2_1-3. Please indicate your agreement with the following statements. Technology companies/media companies/the government should do more to make it easier to separate what is real and fake on the internet. Base: All with very low/low/high/very high news literacy: Selected markets = 11149/11898/8069/3790.
  • 46. 46 Concern about different types of misinformation and exposure RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 47. 47 Concern about each type of misinformation RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 48. 48 Concern about each type of misinformation RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 49. 49 Concern about each type of misinformation and news literacy RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 50. 50 Exposure to different types of misinformation – all markets RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 51. 51 Exposure to completely made-up news in the last week – all markets RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 52. 52 Exposure to misinformation offline and online RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 53. 53 Who should do more to combat misinformation? RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 54. @risj_oxford | #DNR18 Paying for Online News and Ad-blocker Use
  • 55. All over the globe RISJ Digital News Report 2018 55 MORE PEOPLE ARE REALISING THAT QUALITY COSTS 22%Average in Nordic countries pay 16%Now pay for online news in the US 7%In the UK But only 20%in Australia THE ‘TRUMP BUMP’ HAS BEEN MAINTAINED Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year? (This could be a digital subscription, combined digital/print subscription or one off payment for an article or app or e-edition). Base: Total sample in each market. FASTEST GROWING IN NORDIC COUNTRIES
  • 56. Proportion that have paid for online news in the last year – all markets RISJ Digital News Report 2018 56 Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year? (This could be a digital subscription, combined digital/print subscription or one off payment for an article or app or e-edition). Base: Total sample in each market.
  • 57. Payment for online news by political orientation RISJ Digital News Report 2018 57
  • 58. Payment for news in selected markets (2014-2018) RISJ Digital News Report 2018 58 Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year? (This could be a digital subscription, combined digital/print subscription or one off payment for an article or app or e-edition). Base: Total sample in each market.
  • 59. Reasons for Nordic success RISJ Digital News Report 2018 59 STRONG READING TRADITIONS, AUDIENCE FOCUS, DATA DRIVEN NORWAY AFTENPOSTEN 100,000 Digital Subscribers Meter + Premium Cost / Month: €21 FINLAND HELSINGIN SANOMAT 70,000 Digital Subscribers Meter + Premium Cost / Month: €17.50 SWEDEN DAGENS NYHETER 70,000 Digital Subscribers Meter + Premium Cost / Month: €10
  • 60. Donations/Membership – an emerging opportunity RISJ Digital News Report 2018 60 • Guardian has 600,000 donations or cause focused memberships • Partisan websites like the Canary are also asking supporters to support them • Platforms starting to support donation models 22%say they might in the future* But 1%Make a donation today Only
  • 61. 61 Donations in different countries RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 62. Reasons for donations 62 “They asked for it, I use them so I should donate” 2. GUILT 1. SUPPORT INDEPENDENT MEDIA “It is the only way to maintain free media that is independent of political power.” (M, 45, Spain) 3. PART OF A CAUSE “It is important that the Guardian continues to be available to counter nearly all the other newspapers which are right wing” RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 63. 63 Proportion who paid for online news via donation by age ALL MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 64. Awareness of financial difficulties low 64 unaware of the problems of the news industry or believe that most news organisations are making a profit from digital news. Likely to pay for online news in the future Would consider donating in the future RISJ Digital News Report 2018 68% When news literacy is higher, people are more likely to pay
  • 65. 65 Ad-blocking use by country RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 67. 1% 2% 4% 5% 6% 7% 9% Korea Germany UK US 2018 2017 Smart speakers – next big thing? Voice activated speakers growing quickly from a low base SELECTED COUNTRIES Q8a. Which, if any, of the following devices do you ever use (for any purpose)? Please select all that apply. Showing smart speaker code. Base: All
  • 68. 13% 15% 44% 47% 59% 65% 75% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Access podcasts Shopping (ordering goods, saving lists) Access latest News Set alarms Ask questions to get facts or info Access latest weather Listen to music Smart Speaker – uses Uses for news/information Other uses SELECTED COUNTRIES Q8. New You say you have a smart speaker (e.g. Amazon Echo, Google Home, Apple HomePod) which of the following do you do regularly? Percents do not add to 100 due to multiple response. N=609
  • 69. UK 18% Podcasting is on the up – driven by young 69 PODCASTS VS RADIO NEWS BY AGE – ALL MARKETS 0% 20% 40% 60% 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55+ Podcasts (monthly) Radio News (weekly) 5 X % ACCESS AT LEAST MONTHLY RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 70. 70 Use of podcasts in different countries RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 71. 71 Use of different types of podcasts – selected markets RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 73. 73 Measuring news literacy - 1 RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 74. 74 Measuring news literacy - 2 RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 75. 75 Measuring news literacy - 3 RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 76. 76 News literacy and news consumption RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q14_2018a_combined2. News literacy scale. Q4. You say you’ve used these sources of news in the last week, which would you say is your MAIN source of news? Base: All with very low/low/ high/very high news literacy who used a source of news in the last week: Selected markets = 11032/12383/8453/3882.
  • 77. 77 News literacy and news consumption RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 78. 78 News literacy and news consumption RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q14_2018a_combined2. News literacy scale. Q12C_2018_1-4. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. When looking at stories in social media, the news brand/ headline or picture/person who shared the story/number of comments or shares is very important in helping me decide whether information is likely to be worth my time. Base: All with very low/ low/high/very high news literacy who used a social network in the last week: Selected markets = 10274/11529/8027/3802.
  • 79. 79 RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 81. 81 Use of online news video by country RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 82. 82 RISJ Digital News Report 2018 Q11_VIDEO_2018a. Thinking about consuming online news video (of any kind) over the last week, which of the following did you do? Base: Total sample in all markets.
  • 83. 83 Proportion that prefer news in test over video SELECTED MARKETS RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 84. 84 Do news users want to watch more or less videos? RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 85. @risj_oxford | #DNR18 Partisan and alternative news brands
  • 86. 86 RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 87. 87 RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 88. 88 AUDIENCE MAP FOR ALTERNATIVE AND PARTISAN NEWS BRANDS RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 89. 89 AUDIENCE MAP FOR ALTERNATIVE AND PARTISAN NEWS BRANDS RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 90. 90 AUDIENCE MAP FOR ALTERNATIVE AND PARTISAN NEWS BRANDS RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 91. 91 AUDIENCE MAP FOR ALTERNATIVE AND PARTISAN NEWS BRANDS RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 92. 92 AUDIENCE MAP FOR ALTERNATIVE AND PARTISAN NEWS BRANDS RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 93. 93 TRUST AND ALTERNATIVE/PARTISAN NEWS BRAND USE RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 94. 94 AGE AND ALTERNATIVE/PARTISAN NEWS BRAND USE RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 95. @risj_oxford | #DNR18 Key data by country
  • 96. 96 UK: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 97. 97 UK:SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 98. 98 UK: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 99. 99 AUSTRIA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 100. 100 AUSTRIA:SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 101. 101 AUSTRIA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 102. 102 BELGIUM: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 103. 103 BELGIUM: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 104. 104 BELGIUM: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 105. 105 BULGARIA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 106. 106 BULGARIA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 107. 107 BULGARIA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 108. 108 CROATIA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 109. 109 CROATIA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 110. 110 CROATIA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 111. 111 CZECH REPUBLIC: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 112. 112 CZECH REPUBLIC: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 113. 113 CZECH REPUBLIC: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 114. 114 DENMARK: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 115. 115 DENMARK: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 116. 116 DENMARK: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 117. 117 FINLAND: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 118. 118 FINLAND: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 119. 119 FINLAND: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 120. 120 FRANCE: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 121. 121 FRANCE: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 122. 122 FRANCE: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 123. 123 GERMANY: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 124. 124 GERMANY: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 125. 125 GERMANY: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 126. 126 GREECE: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 127. 127 GREECE: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 128. 128 GREECE: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 129. 129 HUNGARY: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 130. 130 HUNGARY: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 131. 131 HUNGARY: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 132. 132 IRELAND: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 133. 133 IRELAND: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 134. 134 IRELAND: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 135. 135 ITALY: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 136. 136 ITALY: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 137. 137 ITALY: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 138. 138 NETHERLANDS: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 139. 139 NETHERLANDS: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 140. 140 NETHERLANDS: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 141. 141 NORWAY: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 142. 142 NORWAY: SOURCES DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 143. 143 NORWAY: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 144. 144 POLAND: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 145. 145 POLAND: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 146. 146 POLAND: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 147. 147 PORTUGAL: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 148. 148 PORTUGAL: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 149. 149 PORTUGAL: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 150. 150 ROMANIA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 151. 151 ROMANIA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 152. 152 ROMANIA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 153. 153 SLOVAKIA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 154. 154 SLOVAKIA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 155. 155 SLOVAKIA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 156. 156 SPAIN: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 157. 157 SPAIN: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 158. 158 SPAIN: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 159. 159 SWEDEN: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 160. 160 SWEDEN: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 161. 161 SWEDEN: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 162. 162 SWITZERLAND: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 163. 163 SWITZERLAND: TRUST, SOURCES AND DEVICES RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 164. 164 SWITZERLAND: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 165. 165 TURKEY: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 166. 166 TURKEY: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 167. 167 TURKEY: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 168. 168 USA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 169. 169 USA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 170. 170 USA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 171. 171 ARGENTINA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 172. 172 ARGENTINA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 173. 173 ARGENTINA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 174. 174 BRAZIL: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 175. 175 BRAZIL: TRUST, SOURCES & DEVICES RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 176. 176 BRAZIL: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 177. 177 CANADA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 178. 178 CANADA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 179. 179 CANADA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 180. 180 CHILE: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 181. 181 CHILE: TRUST, DEVICES AND SOURCES RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 182. 182 CHILE: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 183. 183 MEXICO: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 184. 184 MEXICO: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 185. 185 MEXICO: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 186. 186 AUSTRALIA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 187. 187 AUSTRALIA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 188. 188 AUSTRALIA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 189. 189 HONG KONG: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 190. 190 HONG KONG: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 191. 191 HONG KONG: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 192. 192 JAPAN: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 193. 193 JAPAN: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 194. 194 JAPAN: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 195. 195 MALAYSIA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 196. 196 MALAYSIA: TRUST, SOURCES AND DEVICES RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 197. 197 MALAYSIA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 198. 198 SINGAPORE: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 199. 199 SINGAPORE: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 200. 200 SINGAPORE: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 201. 201 SOUTH KOREA: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 202. 202 SOUTH KOREA: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 203. 203 SOUTH KOREA: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 204. 204 TAIWAN: NEWS BRANDS USED LAST WEEK RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 205. 205 TAIWAN: SOURCES, DEVICES AND TRUST RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 206. 206 TAIWAN: PAY, SOCIAL MEDIA AND SHARING RISJ Digital News Report 2018
  • 207. More at : digitalnewsreport.org @risj_oxford | #DNR18 Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2018

Editor's Notes

  1. Delighte to present this year’s report
  2. We don’t have much time so I’m going to focus on five themes coming out of our research.   Firstly I’ll talk about the increasing importance of platforms (and social media in particular) for news discovery and consumption Secondly the rise of the smartphone – which we increasingly see as the defining device of digital age and is particularly important in Switzerland I’ll talk about online video, how fast growing and why the type of online video that works is very different from TV Generational splits in behaviour – particularly the very different behaviour we see with younger groups bit also in attitudes to brands I’ll talk about trust in news, news organisations and journalists which of course is being impacted by all the above  
  3. Delighte to present this year’s report
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  6. To do chart again
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  15. Delighte to present this year’s report
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