Gardening with Native Plants - Indiana


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Gardening with Native Plants - Indiana

  1. 1. P Landscaping with lants that are native to Indiana offer so many benefits Recommended Reading — especially in landscape design and land reclamation • The Gardener’s Encyclopedia of Wildflowers by C. Colston Burrell; Rodale Press, 1997, ISBN 0-87596-723- Plants Native and restoration. One might wonder, “Why grow anything • Go Native! Gardening with Native Plants and Wildflowers in the Lower Midwestelse?” Many native plants are essentially self-sustaining and they by Carolyn Harstad; Indiana University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-253-21302-9 • Landscaping With Native Trees to Indianaseldom spread to environments where they are not welcome by Guy Sternberg; Chapters Pub. Ltd., 1996, ISBN 1881527662—-a common problem with many exotic, non-native plants. • The Natural Habitat Garden by Ken Druse; Clarkson Potter, 1994, ISBN 0517589893Many native species like tulip tree, hydrangea, black chokeberry,purple coneflower, cardinal flower, and • Field Guide to Indiana Wildflowers by Kay Yatskievych; Indiana University Press, 2000, ISBN 0253214203 Recommended Plantsostrich fern, to name just a few, are and their Sourcesavailable in nurseries. Landscaping For More Informationwith Plants Native to Indiana provides These groups and organizations offer a wealth of information anda listing of plants recommended many opportunities to become involved and learn more about native plants.for landscape design and wildlife • Indiana Native Plant and Wildflower Societyplantings. It also outlines numerous • IDNR, Division of Nature Preservessources throughout Indiana and 402 W. Washington Street, Rm. W267surrounding states which carry Indianapolis, IN 46204 (317) 232-4052native plants. If your local nurseries • The Nature Conservancy, Indiana Chapterdo not stock native plants, we 1505 N. Delaware St., Ste 200encourage you to request that they Indianapolis, IN 46202 (317) 951-8818expand their product line to include www.nature.orgthe attractive and hearty plants native • Wild Ones–Natural Landscapers, Ltd. www.for-wild.orgto the Hoosier state. Grow natives! • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency guide to landscaping with native wildflowers and grasses“Indigenous plants are a • Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Centersignificant part of a region’s www.wildflower.orggeographic context. In fact, Illustrations by Cheryl LeBlanc • Illustrations © Spence Restoration Nursery 1999 Unauthorized reproduction prohibited.they help define it. They have proven INDIANA NATIVE PLANTthemselves capable of surviving Queen-of-the-Prairie and Wildflower Society Filipendula rubrain a landscape for millennia.What better plants can there be, if not the natives, Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpureato confront the soil conditions, climate, pests, anddiseases of the local areas?” Indiana Academy IDNR Division of of Science Nature PreservesMichael A. HomoyaIndiana Department of Natural Resources Yellow ConeflowerDivision of Nature Preserves Ratibida pinnata USDA is an equal opportunity employer & provider February, 2005Recommended Native Plants TREESThe species on this list are native to Indiana and recommended for landscaping and wildlife plantings in the Sugar Maple Acer saccharumstate. They have been selected because they tend to grow widely throughout the state and should do well if Red Maple Acer rubrummatched to their preferred growing conditions. River Birch Betula nigraWhile open-pollinated seeds of local genotype plants are preferred for native restorations, increasing Hackberry Celti occidentalisnumbers of native plant cultivars are available and suitable for garden settings Redbud Cercis canadensis Green Hawthorn Crataegus viridisFLOWERING PERENNIALS Persimmon Diospyros virginianaCommon Name Scientific Name Bloom Color Sun Bloom Season American Beech Fagus grandifoliaColumbine Aquilegia canadensis Orange/Yellow Psun-Shade Spring Tulip Poplar Liriodendron tulipiferaMarsh Milkweed Asclepias incarnata Pink Sun Summer Black Gum Nyssa sylvaticaButterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa Orange Sun Summer Sycamore Platanus occidentalisNew England Aster Aster novae-angliae Purple Sun-Psun Fall Wild Plum Prunus americanaSmooth Aster Aster laevis Blue Sun-Psun Fall White Oak Quercus albaShort’s Aster Aster shortii Lavender Shade Fall Shingle Oak Quercus imbricariaBlue False Indigo Baptisia australis Blue Sun-Psun Spring Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpaTall Coreopsis Coreopsis tripteris Yellow Sun Summer Red Oak Quercus rubraPurple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea Purple Sun-Psun Summer Pin Oak Quercus palustrisSpotted Joe-Pye-Weed Eupatorium maculatum Pink Sun Summer.Sweet Joe-Pye-Weed Eupatorium purpureum Pink P-sun Summer SHRUBSQueen-of-the-Prairie Filipendula rubra Pink Sun Summer Serviceberry Amelanchier arboreaAutumn Sneezeweed Helenium autumnale Yellow Sun-Psun Fall Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpaFalse Sunflower Heliopsis helianthoides Yellow Sun-Psun Summer Pawpaw Asimina tribolaBlue Flag Iris Iris virginica shrevei Blue Sun-Psun Spring New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanusDense Blazing Star Liatris spicata Purple Sun Summer Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalisWild Geranium Geranium maculatum Lavender Psun-Shade Spring Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosaViolet Lespedeza Lespedeza violacea Violet Sun Summer American Hazelnut Corylus americanaCardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Red Sun-Shade Summer Wahoo Euonymus atropurpureusGreat Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Blue Psun-Shade Summer Common Winterberry* Ilex verticillataVirginia Bluebells Mertensia virginica Blue Psun-Shade Spring Spicebush* Lindera benzoinBergamot Monarda fistulosa Lavender Sun Summer Ninebark Physocarpus opulifoliusBlue Phlox Phlox divaricata Blue Psun-Shade Spring Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromaticaSummer Phlox Phlox paniculata Purple Sun-Shade Summer Shining Sumac Rhus glabraYellow Coneflower Ratibida pinnata Yellow Sun Summer Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhinaGreen-Headed Coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Yellow Psun Summer Arrowwood Viburnum dentatumSweet Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia subtomentosa Yellow Sun Summer Nannyberry Viburnum lentagoFire Pink Silene virginica Red Psun Spring Blackhaw Viburnum prunifoliumRoyal Catchfly Silene regia Red Sun Summer American Cranberry Bush Viburnum trilobumBlue-stemmed Goldenrod Solidago caesia Yellow Sun-Psun Fall Prickly Ash Zanthoxylum americanumGrey Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Yellow Sun-Psun Fall *dioecious plants: Have the male and female flowersStiff Goldenrod Solidago rigida Yellow Sun Fall located on different, separate plants of the same species.Celandine Poppy Stylophorum diphyllum Yellow Shade Spng-Smr Thus two plants are required to house both sexes.Culver’s Root Veronicastrum virginicum White Sun Summer Fire Pink Silene virginica FERNS Maidenhair Fern Adiantum pedatumGRASSES GROUNDCOVERS Evergreen Shield Fern Cinnamon Fern Dryopteris marginalis Osmunda cinnamomea Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii Wild Ginger Asarum canadense Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris Palm Sedge Carex muskingumensis Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Side-Oats Grama Bouteloua curtipendula Bottlebrush Grass Elymus hystrix Common Oak Sedge Carex pensylvanica June Grass Koeleria pyramidata VINES Running Strawberry Bush Euonymus obovatus Switch Grass Panicum virgatum Woolly Dutchman’s Pipe Aristolochia tomentosa Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Dwarf Crested Iris Iris cristata Crossvine Bignonia capreolata Indian Grass Sorghastrum nutans Swamp Rose Creeping Phlox Phlox subulata Virgin’s Bower Clematis virginiana Prairie Dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis Rosa palustris Wild Stonecrop Sedum ternatum Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia
  2. 2. Sources for Native Plant Material NATIVE PLANT FOCUS The nurseries and businesses listed provide plants native to Indiana.Once you begin growing native plants, be sure to purchase them only from Mention of a business does not constitute a guarantee of the products or plant material that is native Percentagereputable nurseries that propagate by seed, cuttings or division. Collecting services nor does it imply endorsement over comparable businesses that are Woodland of product Trees and Grasses Wetland Shrubs Prairie Plants Plants Plants Nativeplants from the wild is unethical for individuals and professional businesses. not listed. For a more extensive list of sources please visit the Indiana Native Plant and Wildflower Society’s web site: www.inpaws.orgBUSINESSES SERVICESArrowhead Alpines Tel: 517-223-3581 wholesale/retail nursery; caintainer plants or bare-root depending on plant and season; mostP.O. Box 857 Fax: 517-223-8750 n/a • • • • • plans are grown from seeds, cuttings or divisions; mail order catalog availableFowlerville, MI 48836 www.arrowheadalpines.comArt Hopkins, Landscape Architect Tel: 812-372-2862 Registered Landscape Architect; residential/commercial design, consultation services include1654 N. 475 E. Email: n/a wildlife habitat, native plants, woodland understory restorationColumbus, IN 47203-9382Beineke’s Nursery Tel: 765-463-2994 retail nursery; consultation on hardwood plantation establishment and management, specializing513 Sharon Road 85% • • in a genetically improved black walnut species, catalog availableWest Lafayette, IN 47906Blue Plant Gardens, Inc. Tel: 317-873-5390 ecological landscape design by Linda Oxenrider; services include residential and commercial1170 Princeton Place Email: n/a design and habitat restorationZionsville, IN 46077Burnham Woods Nursery Tel: 812-339-06166775 Hudoff Rd. 10% • • • • wholesale/retail nursery, extensive display gardens, call for hoursBloomington, IN 47408Cold Stream Farm Tel: 231-464-58092030 Free Soil Road Email: 95% • • • • wholesale/retail nursery; specializing in plants for wildlife habitat, catalog availableFree Soil, MI 49411 www.coldstreamfarm.netCountry Road Greenhouses, Inc. Tel: 815-384-331119561 E. Twombly Fax: 815-385-5015 100% • • wholesale nurseryRochelle, IL 61068 www.prairieplugs.comDesigns on Nature Tel: 574-256-2242 farmscaping, large scale prairie seeding projects, erosion control, educational outdoor labs, self202 Lincolnway East Fax: 574-257-1966 40% • • • • • guiding trails, residential and commercial landscape design, dune and prairie restoration, mailMishawaka, IN 46544 order catalog availableEdge of the Prairie Wildflowers Tel: 765-362-0915 plugs and gallon containers of prairie plants and grasses, local genotypes, call for appointment,1861 Oak Hill Road 100% • • landscape design services include prairie restoration, catalog availableCrawfordsville, IN 47933Enders Greenhouse Tel: 815-332-5255 wholesale/retail nursery; container-grown Midwest natives are nursery propagated, habitat104 Enders Drive Fax: 815-968-2941 100% • • • • restoration services, catalog availableCherry Valley, IL 61016 Email: endrsnatvs@aol.comHeartland Restoration Services, Inc. Tel: 260-489-8511 wholesale nursery; suppliers of local genotype seed and custom grown plants, offers range of14921 Hand Road Fax: 260-489-8607 100% • • • • • environmental consulting services including installation and management of native landscapesFort Wayne, IN 46818 Email: including prescribed burns and limited herbicide applications / exotic species control of those ecosystems, catalog availableHensler Nursery, Inc. Tel: 574-867-4192P.O. Box 58 Fax: 574-867-4960 n/a • wholesale tree nursery; mail order availableHamlet, IN 46532 www.henslernurseryindiana.comDean Hill, ASLA Tel: 317-577-1360 Registered Landscape Architect; residential and commercial design, habitat restoration,9677 Amber Glow Court n/a consultationFishers, IN 46038Mark M. Holeman, Inc. Tel: 317-849-31207871 Hague Road Fax: 317-578-0439 30% • • • • • retail nursery; full service landscape design, installation and maintenance, landscape architectsIndianapolis, IN 46256 Email: on staff www.holemanlandscape.comJ&J Transplant Aquatic Nursery LLC Tel: 800-622-5055W 4980 County Road W., Fax: 715-256-0039 wholesale/retail nursery; specializing in wetland plants, landscape design services includeP.O. Box 227 Email: 100% • • • • • residential and commercial design and wetland restoration, catalog available ($3.00)Wild Rose, WI 54984 www.tranzplant.comJ.F. New & Associates, Inc. Tel: 574-586-3400 wholesale/retail nursery; specializing in local genotype seed mixes, bare root and containerized708 Roosevelt Road Fax: 574-586-3446Walkerton, IN 46574 Email: 99% • • • • • plants, residential/commercial landscape design services include habitat restoration, control burning, plant/seed installation, natural systems for waste water treatment, catalog available www.jfnew.comJasper - Pulaski State Tree Nursery Tel: 219-843-4827 service provided by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry; tree and15508 W. 700 N. Fax: 219-843-6671 98% • shrub seedlings for conservation plantings, product available to Indiana landowners only, mailMedaryville, IN 47957 Email: order catalog availableLeescapes Garden Design Tel/Fax: 317-272-49388351 E. County Road 200 N. Email: 75% • • • • • Hilary Cox, garden designer; general garden design with “English” gardens utilizing native plantsAvon, IN 46123-5338Madeline F. Elder Greenhouse Tel: 317-920-2652of the Indianapolis Museum of Art Fax: 317-920-2672 retail nursery; native and non-native plants available, many native species may be viewed1200 W. 38th Street n/a • • • growing on the grounds of the Indianapolis Museum of ArtIndianapolis, IN 46208Marshland Transplant Aquatic Nursery Tel: 800-208-2842 wholesale / retail nursery; nursery-grown potted material and bareroot plants and seeds forP.O. Box 1 Fax: 920-361-4200 100% • • • • • restoration, consulting, contract growing, drill and plug installation services, waste waterBerlin, WI 54923 treatment and water gardening, mail order catalog availableMunchkin Nursery & Garden Tel: 812-633-4858323 Woodside Drive, N.W. Fax: 812-633-4858 retail nursery; lectures and slide presentations, display garden by appointment, mail orderDepauw, IN 47115-9039 Email: 75% • catalog ($3.00) www.munchkinnursery.comPossibility Place Nursery Tel: 708-534-3988 retail nursery; specializing in native trees and shrubs indigenous to Northeast Illinois. 90% of7548 Monee-Manhattan Road Fax: 708-534-6272 95% • • plants’ seed collected in Northern Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Iowa, catalog availableMonee, IL 60449 www.possibilityplace.comPrairie Future Seed Company Tel: 414-820-0211 wholesale nursery; seeds and container plant materials, S.E. Wisconsin and N.E. IllinoisP.O. Box 644 Fax: 414-325-1228 97% • • • genotypes, consultant services, educational seminars, technical support for “do it yourself”Menomonee, WI 53052-0644 Email: programs, installation and management, catalog available ($3.00)Prairie Nursery Tel: 800-476-9453P.O. Box 306 Fax: 608-296-2741 custom seed mixes, residential and commercial landscape design and installation, habitatWestfield, WI 53964 Email: 100% • • restoration, plugs www.prairienursery.comPrairie Seed Source retail nursery; consultant services, installation, management, seed and container plants, all seedP.O. Box 83 100% • • from S.E. Wisconsin genotype, mail order catalog available ($1.00)North Lake, WI 53064-0083Shooting Star Nursery Tel: 502-867-7979160 Soards Road Fax: 502-867-7677 100% • • • • wholesale/retail nursery; all plants grown from seeds, cuttings or divisions, landscape designGeorgetown, KY 40324 Email: services available throughout the Cincinnati / Kentucky area, mail order, catalog available www.shootingstarnursery.comSpence Restoration Nursery Tel: 765-286-7154 wholesale/retail nursery; plants are 100% nursery propagated, landscape design services include2220 E. Fuson Road / P.O. Box 546 Fax: 765-286-0264Muncie, IN 47308 Email: 100% • • • • floral inventories, retention basin / pond planting and design, habitat restoration, mail order catalog available www.spencenursery.comSpringcreek Landscaping & Nursery, Inc. Tel/Fax: 574-722-1128 wholesale/retail nursery; residential/commercial landscape design and habitat restoration, has a1860 N. 525 E. Email: 20 % • • small amount of instock but can order moreLogansport, IN 46947Sunlight Gardens Tel: 800-272-7396 wholesale/retail nursery; additional products include ferns and vines, all plants nursery174 Golden Lane Fax: 865-494-7086 90% • • • • • propagated, landscape design services include woodland restoration, mail order catalogAndersonville, TN 37705 Email: available www.sunlightgardens.comTaylor Creek Restoration Nurseries Tel: 608-897-8641 wholesale/retail nursery; plants and seeds of wildflowers, grasses and sedges, contract growing,17921 Smith Road Fax: 608-897-8486 100% • • • • Registered Landscape Architect, residential/commercial services include planting design andBrodhead, WI 53520 Email: installation, prairie and wetland restoration, mail order catalog availableThe Michigan Wildflower Farm Tel: 517-647-601011770 Cutler Road Fax: 517-647-6072 99% • • • • • seed producer of Michigan-area genotypes; mail order catalog availablePortland, MI 49001 Email: wildflowers@voyager.netVallonia Nursery Tel: 812-358-3621 service provided by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry; tree and2782 W. Co. Rd. 540 S. Fax: 812-358-9033Vallonia, IN 47281 Email: 95% • • • shrub seedlings for conservation plantings, product available to Indiana landowners only, mail order catalog available Resources Design, Inc. Tel: 317-786-7529 landscape design services include backyard wildlife habitat, pond and wetland design and551 Teton Trail Email: 100% • restorationIndianapolis, IN 46217Wetlands Nursery, Inc. Tel: 517-752-3492 wholesale/retail nursery; native wetland plants of Michigan-area genotypes & rescued plants,P.O. Box 14553 Email: 90% • wetland plant database in CD format featuring information, photographs and drawings of nativeSaginaw, MI 48601 wetland plants, catalog availableWildtype Design, Native Plants & Seeds Tel: 517-224-1140 wholesale/retail nursery; bare root stock only, Michigan-area genotypes, species inventory and900 N. Every Road Email: 100% • • • • • site assessment, design and planning, establishment and management of native landscapes,Mason, MI 48854 catalog availableWoods’ Edge Farm Tel: 608-739-3527532 Stanek Road Email: 100% • wholesale/retail nursery; all plants of Wisconsin genotypes propagated from seed or cuttingsMuscoda, WI 53573-9448 www.woodsedgefarm.comWoody Warehouse, Inc. Tel: 866-766-8367P.O. Box 259 Fax: 317-994-5494 95% • • wholesale nursery; forestry consulting services including tree plantings, management plansLizton, IN 46149 Email: