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The deprivation model claims that it is the
characteristics of the prison itself rather than
the prison population that ac...
Harer and Steffensmeier (1996)
They describe how inmate behaviour is a response to the
‘problem of adjustment posed by the...
Evaluation
 Many studies have provided support for the deprivation model of
prison violence.
 However one of the largest...
Resourcd File
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Resourcd File

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Resourcd File

  1. 1. The deprivation model claims that it is the characteristics of the prison itself rather than the prison population that accounts for prison violence. Proponents of this model don’t deny the possibility that inmates enter prison with certain cultural norms that are more or less permissive of violence. They argue, however, that it is primarily the experience of imprisonment that causes inmates extreme stress and frustration. Which in turn, leads to violence or aggression against other inmates and staff.
  2. 2. Harer and Steffensmeier (1996) They describe how inmate behaviour is a response to the ‘problem of adjustment posed by the deprivation or pains of imprisonment’. Skyes 1958 These ‘pains’ include: Freedom of heterosexual relationships Isolation from the free community Boredom Discomfort And loneliness As imprisoned inmates experience these ‘pains’ they engage interpersonal violence as a reaction to the hurt they feel.
  3. 3. Evaluation  Many studies have provided support for the deprivation model of prison violence.  However one of the largest studies in this area (McCorkle et al 1995) failed to support its major assumptions. McCorkle and colleagues also point out that levels of stress associated with imprisonment are generally constant, whereas serious outbreaks of violence such as found in prison riots are not, claiming that serious violence is more a consequence of the management of prisoners rather than the general deprivation that all prisoners endure  The model is also challenged by the finding that among juvenile offenders in 4 different institutions, pre-institutional violence was the best predictor of inmate aggression, regardless of the particular features of the institution (Poole and Ragoli 1983)  this supports the importation model.

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