I prefer
serious illness to surprises
computers to my brother
reading number plates to Christmas morning
straight lines
su...
Sonic the Hedgehog to family time
death to dentist visits
my mother with her glasses off
plastic wheelie bins to petting z...
Using mini white boards, to write down as
many concepts as possible from last
session on autism
TASK
without consulting
an...
LO: Be able to describe two explanations for autism.
CONTENT REQUIREMENT: Describe characteristics
of, and two explanation...
Success Criteria
C Describe key terms/theories associated with the lesson
B Be able to relate the theories to a particular...
•Consider: About 6 of every 1000 people have
ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder).
•If there are 68 million people living in Eng...
Visual clip of child with
autistic behaviour
• Watch the clip
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w_23z9yJAq0
•Then you will n...
P. 43 IN TEXTBOOK
Learning Objective:
Be able to describe two explanations for
autism.
Theory of Mind
Extreme Male Brain
Extreme Male Brain
Theory of mind is basically ‘putting yourself in
someone else’s shoes’.
It’s the skill we human beings use to ‘mind read’
...
It’s the ability to ‘read
minds’.
What areas of their lives
would this cause
difficulties in and how?
Write your ideas dow...
Theory of mind is what tells you how much
background information to give another person
when you are telling them about so...
How Theory of Mind Develops
•Researchers suggest that ToM occurs in typical development
around a child’s fourth year.
•Thi...
Over to you
Working in
pairs
Discuss the potential outcomes
of not
knowing how someone feels.
Consider the following…
Over to you
Working in
pairsconsider “If you don’t look at
your partner’s face, how do you
know
how he or she is feeling?”...
So how did you get on?
Think
Pair
Share
: “
Being aware of
someone’s feelings will
usually change the
way we do things.
https://www.youtube.com/w
atch?v=41jSdOQQpv0
Assessing autism using the Sally-Anne
task and the smarties task
Individual work
On your white board write out
a question that you think
could be on the exam
regarding this subject.
• Be ...
Baron-Cohen (2005) suggests that
the brain structure of an autistic
person is an exaggeration of
normal male brain structu...
Read p 43 in your books and identify one piece of
research that supports male brain.
Make sure you are able to explain it ...
Plenary
Which of the 3 bits of evidence do
you find the most convincing about
the extreme male brain theory?
Why?
Using scissors and glue, cut out the boxes on page 3,
and stick them in the correct place on the table.
Decide whether the...
Research using twins has found a concordance rate of
60-90% for autism in monozygotic twins, but only 5%
in dizygotic twin...
Success Criteria
C Describe key terms/theory associated with the lesson
B Explain how key terms and the theory can be link...
Earlier you watched a clip which portrayed some of the
characteristics of autism.
Using either of the two explanations for...
Extension
•Baron-Cohen did further research and conducted
an experiment called Reading the Mind of the Eyes
Task (it is mo...
Homework
•(a) Describe at least one piece of research into
Autism
•(b) Give two examples of how having ASD can affect
a ch...
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  1. 1. I prefer serious illness to surprises computers to my brother reading number plates to Christmas morning straight lines submerging my ears in a warm bath to waterslides deep fat fryers to matchbox cars torture to haircuts libraries to birthday parties standing ankle-deep in ocean tenpin bowling to climbing trees looking at things out of the corner of my eye  
  2. 2. Sonic the Hedgehog to family time death to dentist visits my mother with her glasses off plastic wheelie bins to petting zoos not to see my school friends outside of school cricket statistics to Toy Story chewing clothes-pegs to talking rules to freedom truth to sarcasm home to be left alone I PREFER By Alan Who doesn’t want a new pen
  3. 3. Using mini white boards, to write down as many concepts as possible from last session on autism TASK without consulting anyone
  4. 4. LO: Be able to describe two explanations for autism. CONTENT REQUIREMENT: Describe characteristics of, and two explanations for autism, and explain two ways in which autism might affect a child’s development.
  5. 5. Success Criteria C Describe key terms/theories associated with the lesson B Be able to relate the theories to a particular approach A/A* Fully explain the theories and show how it relates to how we behave in society. Be able to effectively compare studies. http://learningneverstops.wordpress.com/ta
  6. 6. •Consider: About 6 of every 1000 people have ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). •If there are 68 million people living in England, how many have ASD? Numeracy
  7. 7. Visual clip of child with autistic behaviour • Watch the clip https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w_23z9yJAq0 •Then you will need to apply the two theories we are going to learn about to explain autism
  8. 8. P. 43 IN TEXTBOOK Learning Objective: Be able to describe two explanations for autism.
  9. 9. Theory of Mind
  10. 10. Extreme Male Brain Extreme Male Brain
  11. 11. Theory of mind is basically ‘putting yourself in someone else’s shoes’. It’s the skill we human beings use to ‘mind read’ other people so that we can figure out - how others are feeling, - what their intentions are, - what they believe and - what they are likely to know or not know. Think of everyday phrases
  12. 12. It’s the ability to ‘read minds’. What areas of their lives would this cause difficulties in and how? Write your ideas down to discuss. It’s the ability to ‘read minds’. What areas of their lives would this cause difficulties in and how? Write your ideas down to discuss.
  13. 13. Theory of mind is what tells you how much background information to give another person when you are telling them about something that has happened to you. It is what makes us wince when someone we care about hurts him/herself. It is what helps us figure out when someone else is being sarcastic It is what helps us to deceive others.
  14. 14. How Theory of Mind Develops •Researchers suggest that ToM occurs in typical development around a child’s fourth year. •This is supported by a series of clinical trials referred to as “false belief ” tests . •Prior to this age, children presume that others think the way that they (self ) think, feel the way that they feel, and believe the same things that they believe. •They assume that others have the same opinions and beliefs as their own.
  15. 15. Over to you Working in pairs Discuss the potential outcomes of not knowing how someone feels. Consider the following…
  16. 16. Over to you Working in pairsconsider “If you don’t look at your partner’s face, how do you know how he or she is feeling?” What if you were talking about your favourite movie and you looked at your friend to see that his face looked bored? What would you do?
  17. 17. So how did you get on? Think Pair Share : “ Being aware of someone’s feelings will usually change the way we do things.
  18. 18. https://www.youtube.com/w atch?v=41jSdOQQpv0 Assessing autism using the Sally-Anne task and the smarties task
  19. 19. Individual work On your white board write out a question that you think could be on the exam regarding this subject. • Be creative, we don’t all want the same question. • Remember the success criterion. LO: Be able to describe two explanations for autism.
  20. 20. Baron-Cohen (2005) suggests that the brain structure of an autistic person is an exaggeration of normal male brain structure. He argues that there are many similarities between the brain structure of an autistic person and the brain structure of a normal male. Simon Baron-Cohen
  21. 21. Read p 43 in your books and identify one piece of research that supports male brain. Make sure you are able to explain it to the rest of your group. Be able to explain how the study supports the extreme male brain theory. Research to support the theory OVER TO YOU
  22. 22. Plenary Which of the 3 bits of evidence do you find the most convincing about the extreme male brain theory? Why?
  23. 23. Using scissors and glue, cut out the boxes on page 3, and stick them in the correct place on the table. Decide whether the evidence supports the theory Explain the theory of autism as an extreme male bran with reference to evidence (8 marks) Evidence for the theory
  24. 24. Research using twins has found a concordance rate of 60-90% for autism in monozygotic twins, but only 5% in dizygotic twins. A genetic basis for autism ?
  25. 25. Success Criteria C Describe key terms/theory associated with the lesson B Explain how key terms and the theory can be linked A/A* Fully explain the terms and and theory and show how it relates to how we behave in society. Be able to effectively compare studies. CONTENT REQUIREMENT: Describe characteristics of, and two explanations for autism, and explain two ways in which autism might affect a child’s development.
  26. 26. Earlier you watched a clip which portrayed some of the characteristics of autism. Using either of the two explanations for autism, spend 5 minutes explaining why the boy in the clip you watched has autism . LO: Be able to describe two explanations for autism. CONSOLIDATION
  27. 27. Extension •Baron-Cohen did further research and conducted an experiment called Reading the Mind of the Eyes Task (it is more simply called The Eyes Test). •Research this on the Internet and be able to give the APRC. ON YOUR TOPIC SHEET
  28. 28. Homework •(a) Describe at least one piece of research into Autism •(b) Give two examples of how having ASD can affect a child’s development. (6 marks) • (c) extreme male brain worksheet •Due next session.

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