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  1. 1. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation GCSE Psychology - Unit 1 - Memory – Key Concepts Cognitive psychologyinvolvesstudyingthe minditself aswell asourbehaviourandcognitive psychologistsare especiallyinterestedinstudyinghow we think.Memoryisanimportantpartof howwe think and istherefore apopularareaof interestforcognitive psychologists. Key Concepts for the topic of Memory are as follows:  Information processing – this is the idea that information is processed by our minds at a number of stages. You will need to know the five main stages and understand the part they play in memory processes.  Accessibility and availability – you will need to understand how problems with these two factors can cause forgetting. Key Concepts Self-Assessment Table Rate how confident you are in doing the following: Namingall five stagesof informationprocessingandunderstandingthe order theycome in. Describingwhateachof the five stagesof informationprocessinginvolves. Provide anexample foreachof the five stagesof information processing. Be able todescribe the difference betweenaccessibilityandavailabilityproblems inforgetting.
  2. 2. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation Key Concept 1 (KC1) – Information Processing Learning Objectives: Must: Complete all booklet activities for KC1 Should: Progress onto the extension activity on page 16 of the textbook Could: Complete one, or more than one of the Key Concepts past exam questions at the back of the booklet Task! Starter Activity – Lesson Target: In the box provided,setyourself apersonal targetforwhatyouwant to achieve thislesson.Use the Self-Assessmenttable onthe frontpage andthe learningobjectivesforinspiration! What is information processing? “The idea that information is processed through a number of different stages.” Cognitive psychologists believe that information is processed by the human brain in a number of stages just like a computer processes data. Task! Use the information from page 15 to complete the five stages of information processing in the order they occur.
  3. 3. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation Task! Can you think of a mnemonic to help you memorise the five stages in order? I: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. E: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… S: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… R: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… O: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Task! Provide a definition for each of the five stages in the space provided. Use page 16 in the textbook to help you. Input: Encoding: Storage: Retrieval: Output:
  4. 4. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation Extension Activity! Complete Activity 2.1 on page 16 of your textbook. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Task! Plenary – Lesson Reflection: Use the space belowtocome up witha tweetthat explainshow wellyoudidintoday’slessonin relationtothe target youthoughtof at the start of the lesson.  Didyou achieve yourtarget?  Didyou surpassyourtarget?  If you didnot achieve yourtarget,whydidn’tyou?Isthere maybe somethingyoucoulddo differentlynextlessontomake sure itdoesn’thappenagain?
  5. 5. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation Key Concept 2 (KC2) – Accessibility and Availability Learning Objectives: Must: Complete all booklet activities for KC2 Should: Progress onto the extension activity on page 18 of the textbook Could: Complete all of the Key Concepts past exam questions and begin the key words wordsearch at the back of the booklet Task! Starter Activity – Lesson Target: In the box provided,setyourself apersonal targetforwhatyouwant to achieve thislesson.Use the Self-Assessmenttable onthe frontpage andthe learningobjectivesforinspiration! It has been suggested that retrieval and output are not always straightforward. Computers are good at retrieving information very quickly, but humans do not find this so easy. Forgetting happens frequently throughout our lives! The two main problems linked with forgetting that we will look at are accessibility problems and availability problems. Task! Provide definitions for accessibility and availability problems using page 17 of your textbook to help you. Accessibility =
  6. 6. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation Availability = Task! Complete activity 2.2 on page 17 of your textbook. Answer the following questions in the space below:  How manycapital citiesdidyouremember?  Didthe cueshelpyou?  Didyou findthatinformationbeinginaccessiblewasaproblem?  Didyou findthatinformationbeingunavailablewasaproblem?
  7. 7. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation Task! Plenary – Lesson Reflection: Use the space belowtocome up witha Facebookmessage thatexplainshow well youdidintoday’s lessoninrelationtothe targetyouthoughtof at the start of the lesson.  Didyou achieve yourtarget? Didyousurpassyour target?  If you didnot achieve yourtarget,whydidn’tyou?Isthere maybe somethingyoucoulddo differentlynextlessontomake sure itdoesn’thappenagain?
  8. 8. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation Key Concepts – Past Exam Questions: Have a go at completing the following past exam questions on what you have learned so far without using the textbooks or your notes to help you!
  9. 9. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation
  10. 10. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation ExtensionActivity –Key Terms Wordsearch Firstly, define all of the key terms listed below. Once you have done this, locate the key terms in the wordsearch that follows. Accessibility Availability Input Encoding Storage Retrieval Output Memory Forgetting
  11. 11. GCSE Psychology – Unit 1 – Topic 2 – Memory - Foundation

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