Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Resourcd File

130 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Resourcd File

  1. 1. Look at the pictures around the room – write down on the A3 paper what you think is going on
  2. 2. Lesson objectives By the end of this lesson you will be able to… • Understand what developmental psychology is • Understand what is meant by the term attachment • Begin to describe the behaviours that show that an attachment has been formed
  3. 3. Developmental Psychology… • Looks at how people develop and change over time (nature & nurture) • Lots of emphasis on early experiences • Focus on importance of attachment & the emotional attachment with care givers • Also looks at what happens if attachments are broken, or if never form As most of the research is done on children the main research method is….?
  4. 4. Attachments – What are they? • An emotional tie/relationship between two people shown by their behaviour… • Between an infant and their caregiver – Why are we studying this? – Attachments and relationships are for most the most important aspect of their life – N.B difference between a bond
  5. 5. How can we see an attachment? (Maccoby) 1) Seeking proximity 2)Distress on separation 3) Joy on reunion 4) Orientation of behaviour
  6. 6. How do babies develop attachments? Key terms: Ethology Imprinting Critical period
  7. 7. How do babies develop attachments? • Critical Period (aka the window of development) is when imprinting must occur • In geese this is between 13-16 hrs. Past 32 hrs it will not happen • Why is it important? – For survival: Mother moves around to forage and escape predators, the young must remain close to survive and therefore this behaviour has evolved to promotw survival
  8. 8. Over to you…Distillation • Read the text on page 46-47 • Pick out the 10 most important points • Summarise the point in a very short sentences
  9. 9. Over to you…Distillation • Which 5 should be let into the funnel • These are now the basis for you to make notes around
  10. 10. On your post it note… 1) An early study of attachment was conducted by the ethologist Conrad Lorenz. What is an ethologist? a) An ethologist observes animals to understand certain behaviours and how they might change the animal in the future. b) An ethologist is a person that observes both animals and humans to make comparisons between the two. c) An ethologist observes how animals act, and identifies the purpose behaviours are likely to have served in aiding survival in the evolutionary past. d) An ethologist is an individual who observes animals in their many different forms and contexts to establish the reasons why they exhibit the behaviours that they do and to attribute causality to these behaviours
  11. 11. 2) What is a bond? a) A bond is a set of social ties that socialisation relies on. b) A bond is a set of feelings that ties one person to another. c) A bond is the feeling a person has when they see their ideal partner. d) A bond is a set of emotions that are complex and socio-psychologically required.
  12. 12. 3) What is an attachment? a) An emotional tie or relationship between two people demonstrated in their behaviour. b) A specific emotional challenge that can be had between two individuals. c) A functional situation in which two people meet and talk. d) A relationship or tie that is not enduring and is easily broken.
  13. 13. 4) What is the difference between a bond and an attachment? a) A bond is a complex set of feelings that can often take a very long time to develop; attachment is a process that can be developed quickly and can be exhibited by various behaviours. b) A bond is a social requirement that inhibits individuals from feeling lonely. The attachment necessitates that two people have an enduring emotional link with one another. c) A bond is a set of feelings that ties one person to another; an attachment takes longer to develop, and is shown by the behaviours of the two attached people. d) A bond is a set of emotions that, once complete, works together to bring individuals closer emotionally; an attachment is fundamentally a psychological process that is socially required.
  14. 14. 5) Klaus and Kennell tested the hypothesis that early skin-to-skin contact led to closer bonds being formed between new mothers and their babies. One group of mothers saw their baby when it was feeding time. The other group had an extra hour of skin-to-skin contact after birth and an extra 5 hours of skin-to-skin contact for the next three days. What did the results show? a) The extra-contact group showed more comfortable behaviour toward any individual that approached them. b) The extra-contact group showed more soothing behaviours toward the babies and maintained closer proximity to them. c) The extra-contact group showed more aggressive actions toward the babies because their proximity was always too close. d) The extra-contact group showed more aggressive actions toward kin than other individuals.
  15. 15. Homework Remember the evaluation sheet for next lesson
  16. 16. Lesson objectives By the end of this lesson you will be able to… • Understand what developmental psychology is • Understand what is meant by the term attachment • Begin to describe the behaviours that show that an attachment has been formed
  17. 17. Articulate… Ethology
  18. 18. Imprinting
  19. 19. Critical period
  20. 20. Sensitive period

×