Decision Making ?
Decision making is known as the action or
process of making important decision.
Why is the concept of decision making crucial
when looking at a helping relationship?
Who is involved in the decision making process?
Identifying the problem or
This is the stage during which a counsellor will
identify the key issues surrounding their client by
asking questions such as :
Does a problem or dilemma actually exist?
How can you know the nature of the problem?
Is this an ethical, legal, moral, professional or a
clinical problem ?
Identifying the potential issues
This when a practitioner will actually identify any
key issues which could have an impact on the
support given throughout the helping relationship:
What decision will best safeguard the clients
welfare ? Any issues of violence or abuse?
What actions have the least chance of bringing
harm to your client ?
Review the relevant ethical codes
Are your values in agreement with the specific
ethical codes in question ?
Respecting human rights and dignity?
Striving for the fair and adequate provision of
counselling and psychotherapy service?
Are the ethical codes consistent with the laws of
Know the applicable laws and
Are there any laws or regulations that may have a
bearing on the situation under construction ?
Do you know where to go in order to obtain
consultation with other professionals who are
knowledgeable about ethical issues?
What kind of information do you document when
you consult? Notes, reports, memos ?
Consider possible and probable
courses of action
What ways can be brainstormed in order to
identify possible courses of action for your client ?
Are you willing to involve your client in the
discussion of the various courses of action?
Enumerate the consequences of
Enumerate: To count off or name one by one; list.
How can you best evaluate you’re the potential
consequences of each course of action, before
implementing a regular action plan?
Examine the consequences of various decisions
for your client, for you as a counsellor , and for
the profession in general ?
Decide on what appears to be the
best course of action
Do you solicit the input of your client in making
this decision at this phase ?
Are you willing to follow up to determine the
outcomes and see if further action is necessary ?
In order to achieve D2, you will be required to
use the counselling skills which you have
identified in P1 and M1 and evaluate their
effectiveness using the case study of Mary.
You will need use the “ Steps in Ethical Decision
Making Process” to guide your report.
You will need to introduce the task and provide an
explanation of the process of ethical decision
You will need to explain what is meant by ethics
and how they apply to helping relationships in
health and social care,
Provide a brief introduction to Mary’s case study.
You will need under each steps number 1 to 8 to
pick two questions and answer them:
You will need to ensure that your response provides
an answer in the context of Mary’s case study.
You will need to ensure that your answer links to a
discussion of how the skill you have chosen and
identified in P1/M1 is and is not effective during
your chosen step.
You will need to ensure that you make a brief but
clear link to the ethical framework.