The Biomedical model vs. the Social model of health and illness
Which statements refer to the biomedical model? Which stat...
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  1. 1. The Biomedical model vs. the Social model of health and illness Which statements refer to the biomedical model? Which statements refer to the social model? Using two different colours categorise the statements. The biomedical model refers to.... The social model refers to... The human body is seen as working like a machine which occasionally breaks down. In the same was as a car has broken down, ‘body mechanics’ (doctors) apply their expert medical knowledge to diagnose the biological or chemical processes that have caused sickness. Health is a relative condition. What is defined as health depends on what is regarded as ‘normal’ in a particular society, and this will vary over time and between cultures. A choice exists whether someone sees himself or not to classify someone as ill. Disease is mainly caused by biological factors, together with recent emphasis on personal factors such as smoking and diet. Health is defined as the absence of disease or disability. Medical science is influenced by social and economic factors. Drug companies and medical technology manufacturers are likely to have important influences on the way doctors go about their work. Doctors can treat and cure the disease they have identified through medical or surgical treatments in ‘body shops’- clinical situations like doctors’ surgeries and hospitals. The causes of ill health are seen as arising either from the moral failing of the individual (smoking, poor diet etc) or from random attacks of disease. It’s not just by chance individuals fall ill, whole groups of people are more at risk. There are patterns of social class, gender and ethnic inequalities in health. What counts as health and sickness is as much about the power of medical professionals as it is about biology. Scientific medicine is seen as the way to solve health problems. Good health depends on the availability of trained medical personnel, medical technology, operating theatres, drugs etc. Health and disease are social constructs. Colour key Biomedical Social

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