SELF FULFILLING PROPHECY
LO:
1.Explain what is meant by SFP
2.Outline how criminality is caused by
the way we are treated ...
In pairs list some labels we give to
different groups (in terms of criminal
activity)
WHAT ARE THE
EFFECTS OF GIVING
SOMEONE A LABEL?
1. Labels can affect an individuals self concept (how we
see ourselves)
2....
I am a
decent
bloke

How the theory goes...
He is not a
decent
bloke
because he
is wearing a
hoody

She thinks I'm a
crimi...
• Negative beliefs predict negative behaviour
• If a teacher thinks you will fail in an exam you
probably will!

A teacher...
THE PYGMALION
EFFECT
Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968) studied self-fulfilling prophecy in a
classroom: Pygmalion in the class...
Is this true of you?
Mondays child is fair of face,
Tuesdays child is full of grace,
Wednesdays child is full of woe,
Thur...
What’s in a name?
• Ashanti Tribe of West Africa boys and girls are
named after the day of week they are born
What names d...
According to Jahoda (1954)
• Males born on Wednesday had
a significantly higher arrest rate
(22%) than males born on
Monda...
Answer to Q1
•The boys born on Wednesday were expected to be aggressive
and behave badly.
•People around them – parents, f...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTghEXKNj7g
Zimbardo – the hero in us all (6 mins)
Exam questions
1. What is meant by the term Self fulfilling
prophecy? (4 marks)
2. Discuss how SFP may account for some
in...
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  1. 1. SELF FULFILLING PROPHECY LO: 1.Explain what is meant by SFP 2.Outline how criminality is caused by the way we are treated by others
  2. 2. In pairs list some labels we give to different groups (in terms of criminal activity)
  3. 3. WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF GIVING SOMEONE A LABEL? 1. Labels can affect an individuals self concept (how we see ourselves) 2. Labels can affect the way others treat you 3. Society may label people according to the way others treat you
  4. 4. I am a decent bloke How the theory goes... He is not a decent bloke because he is wearing a hoody She thinks I'm a criminal because I wear a hoody so I may as well act that way The expectation is met and the prediction comes true
  5. 5. • Negative beliefs predict negative behaviour • If a teacher thinks you will fail in an exam you probably will! A teacher believes a student is a low achiever The teacher does not stretch or motivate the student and pays less attention The student does not work hard and is not inspired – they do well in exams
  6. 6. THE PYGMALION EFFECT Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968) studied self-fulfilling prophecy in a classroom: Pygmalion in the classroom. • Teachers were allowed to overhear a conversation at the beginning of the year that identified 20 children in the class as ‘late developers’ and were eventually going to be ‘bloomers’ • The teachers believed this was based on an IQ test done, but it was random. All their attention went on the bloomers • At the end of the year, those 20 children did indeed have improved IQ scores, and continued to for 2 years. The ‘prophecy’ came true because the teachers responded differently to them (more feedback etc). What are the moral and ethical issues here?
  7. 7. Is this true of you? Mondays child is fair of face, Tuesdays child is full of grace, Wednesdays child is full of woe, Thursdays child has far to go, Fridays child is loving and giving, Saturdays child works hard for his living, And the child that is born on the Sabbath day Is bonny and blithe, and good and gay.
  8. 8. What’s in a name? • Ashanti Tribe of West Africa boys and girls are named after the day of week they are born What names do you know that suggest certain characteristics in a person? • Boy born on Monday was named KWADWO (Considered to be mild mannered) • Boy born on Wednesday named KWADKU (considered to be aggressive and short tempered)
  9. 9. According to Jahoda (1954) • Males born on Wednesday had a significantly higher arrest rate (22%) than males born on Monday (6%) 1.Using your knowledge of SFP explain why this might be the case 2. Stretch and challenge: Can you think of any criticisms of this kind of research method?
  10. 10. Answer to Q1 •The boys born on Wednesday were expected to be aggressive and behave badly. •People around them – parents, friends, teachers etc – would have treated them differently from Monday’s child. •They would have been expected to behave aggressively and so treated as if they would be impulsive or lash out if confronted Answer to Q2 •It is a correlation study, so difficult to establish cause and effect •It is unethical to study SFP as a cause of crime by treating someone differently and seeing what will happen •Not everyone accepts the label they are given so do not fulfil the prophecy. You can always prove the teacher wrong! •There are many other reasons for crime
  11. 11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTghEXKNj7g Zimbardo – the hero in us all (6 mins)
  12. 12. Exam questions 1. What is meant by the term Self fulfilling prophecy? (4 marks) 2. Discuss how SFP may account for some instances of crime. (8 marks)

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