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Resourcd File

  1. 1. Essay Writing AS Sociology Miss Russell Bilton School
  2. 2. To Start: “Assess the usefulness of functionalism for an understanding of the family” Considering what we have done so far…. How confident do you feel that you could try and answer the above question? Come and stick a post it note on the line below, according to how confident you are. Yes I feel 100% confident Charlotte Russell I don’t feel confident at all. Bilton School
  3. 3. Thinking Ladder… To & what skills are required to answer a 24 mark question. To how to structure a 24 mark answer. To knowledge of the Functionalist view of the family to a 24 mark question.
  4. 4. How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to identify what skills are required to answer a 24 marker. C Will be able to explain how to structure a 24 mark answer. A Will be able to apply knowledge of the Functionalist perspective of the family, to a 24 mark essay.
  5. 5. Task: Using the materials in front of you: 1) Summarise the mark scheme. What are the key things you need to do to succeed? 2) Compile a list of 5 key tips to successfully writing a sociological essay. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  6. 6. Assessment Objectives Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  7. 7. Assessment Objectives • AO1: Knowledge and Understanding • So you need to be familiar with theories, methods, and ideas, as well as studies! • Knowledge – the main ideas, key words and sociologists linked to a theory/idea or topic. • Understanding – Showing that you understand through the use of Evidence and Explanation. EVIDENCE -includes- studies and sociologists. • Key words for AO1= describe, explain, identify, suggest Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  8. 8. Assessment Objectives • A02: Identification, Interpretation and Evaluation • So you need to choose relevant information/studies, present strengths and weaknesses, present alternative explanations/interpretations of the findings and use the material to provide commentary • Key words= assess, evaluate, compare and contrast, outline, examine Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  9. 9. Interpretation This is about SELECTING the relevant material for the questions. • Not writing ‘EVERYTHING’ you know about it! • Using material which answers the question • Giving relevant examples e.g. from other areas in Sociology (family/education or in the media/current society. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  10. 10. Application • Linking ideas together • Showing how the material is relevant to the question. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  11. 11. Analysis • Comparing and contrasting ideas • Explaining how they are similar and different • Organising your ideas with a clear introduction and a logical line of argument from paragraph to paragraph Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  12. 12. Evaluation This is the ASSESS word in an essay Question. • Weigh up the arguments • Give arguments and evidence for and against a particular view. • Examine a theories view discussing the strengths and limitations of a theory/statement. • Put forward alternative views and perspectives Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  13. 13. The Exam You have 1 hour to answer the whole Families and Households section in the exam. 3 of the questions will be short mark answers. 2 questions will be worth 24 marks. You will also have an item to refer to and to prompt your thinking. You get rewarded for selecting and using the item so they are very important! Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  14. 14. The Mark Scheme 0 No relevant points 1-9 Answers in this band will show only limited knowledge and understanding and show limited success in interpreting and applying material to meet the requirements of the question. 10-18 Answers in this band will show reasonable knowledge and understanding and will show reasonable success in interpreting, applying, analysing and evaluating material to meet the requirements of the question. 19-24 Answers in this band will show sound, conceptually detailed knowledge and understanding of sociological material. This will be accurately and sensitively interpreted to meet the demands of the question. The candidate will show the ability to organise material and to analyse and/or evaluate it explicitly so as to produce a coherent and relevant answer. Concepts and issues, analysis and evaluation may be developed, for instance through international comparisons, or locating the account within a theoretical framework Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  15. 15. Quality of Written Communication The quality of your written work can also impact on your marks. It is important to structure your essay in paragraphs with correct punctuation and grammar. It’s also important to connect your answer and encourage flow by using connectives. What do I mean by connectives? Use PEEL to demonstrate your understanding! POINT RE-PHRASE THE QUESTION OR INTRODUCE YOUR POINT EVIDENCE/ USE RESEARCH OR THEORY EXAMPLE FROM SOCIOLOGISTS TO SUPPORT YOUR POINT EXPLAIN LINK Charlotte Russell Functionalists argue.. Murdock found evidence for… ANALYSE YOUR EVIDENCE IN RELATION TO YOUR POINT This suggests that… LINK YOUR IDEAS BACK TO THE QUESTION AND POINT This supports the Functionalist view because.. Bilton School
  16. 16. Planning the Essay You have 1 hour to answer the whole Families and Households section in the exam. 3 of the questions will be short mark answers. 2 questions will be worth 24 marks. You will also have an item to refer to and to prompt your thinking. You get rewarded for selecting and using the item so they are very important! Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  17. 17. Let’s plan the essay! “Assess the usefulness of functionalism for an understanding of the family” Introduction Arguments for Functionalism as useful for understanding the family. Functionalism is not useful for understanding the family. A01: Murdock’s Functions A02: Evaluation of Murdock & Parsons. A01: Parson’s Functional Fit Theory A02: Evaluation of the Functionalist Perspective Conclusion As a group plan one section to feedback to the rest of the group! Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  18. 18. How do you feel now? “Assess the usefulness of functionalism for an understanding of the family” Yes I feel 100% confident I don’t feel confident at all. You now need to have a go at the essay for homework. It needs to be handed in in this lesson next week! Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  19. 19. The Mark Scheme 0 No relevant points 1-9 Answers in this band will show only limited knowledge and understanding and show limited success in interpreting and applying material to meet the requirements of the question. 10-18 Answers in this band will show reasonable knowledge and understanding and will show reasonable success in interpreting, applying, analysing and evaluating material to meet the requirements of the question. 19-24 Answers in this band will show sound, conceptually detailed knowledge and understanding of sociological material. This will be accurately and sensitively interpreted to meet the demands of the question. The candidate will show the ability to organise material and to analyse and/or evaluate it explicitly so as to produce a coherent and relevant answer. Concepts and issues, analysis and evaluation may be developed, for instance through international comparisons, or locating the account within a theoretical framework Charlotte Russell Bilton School

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