To Start: Re-Cap
What do we mean by AO1 &
Why is learning how to
structure an essay and meet
the objectives important?
are required to answer a 24
structure a 24 mark answer.
knowledge of the
Functionalist view of the
family to a 24 mark question.
How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
Will be able to identify what skills are required to
answer a 24 marker.
Will be able to explain how to structure a 24 mark
answer using the mark scheme.
A Will be able to apply knowledge of the Functionalist
perspective of the family, to a 24 mark essay and peer
assess each other’s.
This is about SELECTING the relevant
material for the questions.
• Not writing ‘EVERYTHING’ you know
• Using material which answers the
• Giving relevant examples e.g. from other
areas in Sociology (family/education or in
the media/current society.
• Linking ideas
• Showing how the
material is relevant
to the question.
• Comparing and contrasting ideas
• Explaining how they are similar and
• Organising your ideas with a clear
introduction and a logical line of
argument from paragraph to paragraph
This is the ASSESS word in an essay
• Weigh up the arguments
• Give arguments and evidence for and
against a particular view.
• Examine a theories view discussing the
strengths and limitations of a
• Put forward alternative views and
Example Essay Plan…
No relevant points
Answers in this band will show only limited knowledge and
understanding and show limited success in interpreting and
applying material to meet the requirements of the
Answers in this band will show reasonable knowledge and
understanding and will show reasonable success in interpreting,
applying, analysing and evaluating material to meet the
requirements of the question.
Answers in this band will show sound, conceptually detailed
knowledge and understanding of sociological material. This will be
accurately and sensitively interpreted to meet the demands of the
question. The candidate will show the ability to organise material and
to analyse and/or evaluate it explicitly so as to produce a coherent
and relevant answer. Concepts and issues, analysis and evaluation
may be developed, for instance through international comparisons, or
locating the account within a theoretical framework
1) Assess the
2) How good is
it? If this
3) Could they
to make it
Let’s Get Planning
In pairs… use your exam plan from last lesson to create a more
detailed plan on big paper/whiteboard paper.
The rest of the group will assess it later so make it as detailed as
possible. I want to see how you are going to connect/link it together,
so consider use of
I want to see lots of key words. You must include the following:
Consensus, Nuclear, Extended, Function, Organ Analogy,
Socialisation, Sexual, Reproduction, Economic, PreIndustrial, Post-Industrial, Functional Fit, Rose Tinted,
Feminism & Marxism.
1)Lay your essay plan on the table. You
must now each go and read each
2)For each one… note down:
- One thing that could be improved
- One thing that you could steal and
add to your plan/essay.
Self - Assess
1)Go back to your own...
2)Look at the mark scheme
3)Complete a self assessment.
- What mark band would your essay
plan fall into?
- What could you do/add to improve
Functionalism and the Family
What is Functionalism? What kind of theory is it?
What do they say about Society? How does Society work?
Human Organ Analogy…
Application of Functionalism to the Family. What
does Murdock say about the Family? What type of
family is his theory based on?
What evidence is there for Murdock?
What are the strengths and weaknesses of his theory?
What does Parson’s say? What type of families does
he talk about?
What are the Family’s functions according to Parsons
and how do they compare to Murdock?
What is the evidence for Parson’s theory?
Is there any evidence against? Pick one piece of
evidence for and one evidence again and explain!
Directly address the question.
If you want to hit the top marks it’s useful to make links to other areas of the
For example… think about what you have been learning in Changing
Are there any statistics, examples or pieces of evidence you can present for:
1) The Family is functional for society and always maintains consensus? The
Nuclear Family is the best for providing the functions?
2) The Family is not functional for society? The family no longer maintains
consensus? Family patterns have changed and therefore the nuclear family is not
the most functional anymore?
Quality of Written Communication
The quality of your written work can also impact on your marks. It is
important to structure your essay in paragraphs with correct
punctuation and grammar.
It’s also important to connect your answer and encourage flow by
using connectives and expanding sufficiently on points.
Use PEEL to demonstrate your understanding! Now create one PEEL
for one point you are going to include in your essay!
RE-PHRASE THE QUESTION
OR INTRODUCE YOUR POINT
USE RESEARCH OR THEORY
FROM SOCIOLOGISTS TO
SUPPORT YOUR POINT
Murdock found evidence for…
ANALYSE YOUR EVIDENCE IN
RELATION TO YOUR POINT
This suggests that…
LINK YOUR IDEAS BACK TO
THE QUESTION AND POINT
This supports the Functionalist view
PEEL (Murdock’s 4 functions)
To Finish: Sentence Finishers
Choose one of these sentences to finish:
1: ‘The most helpful thing I have learned about writing
sociology essays is…’
2: ‘The one idea I have learned and will take away with me
to include in my essay is….’
You need to complete your essay in full and hand it in to me in this
lesson next Monday!