Using what you learned on
Theory from last lesson.
Try and find two possible
matches from Match.com.
Be prepared to explain why
you have matched them
based on their rewards/needs.
using basic A02 points.
To be able to
using the synoptic
How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
Will be able to explain research evidence for
Reward/Need Satisfaction theory.
C Will be able to evaluate Reward/Need
Satisfaction Theory using basic A02 evaluation
Will be able to evaluate Reward/Need
Satisfaction Theory using the synoptic toolkit.
Read the studies through. You can
highlight them if you wish,
Decide whether they support or
refute reward/need satisfaction
theory and why.
Make a note in the box below each
Using your synoptic toolkit to
Try to find at least one research
methods evaluation for each of
This will get you 4 marks for
A02/A03 marks in the exam!
Using your synoptic toolkit to help you…
Lets start to evaluate the theory of Reward/Need Satisfaction
As it is based on behaviourism, lets start with:
1) What are the general evaluation points of the
2) Now think a bit deeper and consider:
What might other approaches say?
Are there any issues?
What debates could apply?
Now we are going to share ideas by speed dating.
Half of you will be A’s. You will stay seated.
The other half will be B’s you will move around the A’s
in a clock wise motion.
You will have 1 minute with each person. In that time
you each have to tell each other one evaluation point
you have come up with.
When I ring the bell your minute is up and B’s need to
move on to the next person.
Cultural Bias = Does not account for cultural or gender differences in the
formation of relationships. There is no mention of Culture! Perhaps in
some cultures, the needs of people are different.
Evolutionary Approach = Aren’t relationships an evolutionary function –
in order to survive and pass on our genes through reproduction?
Nature vs Nurture = This theory focuses too much on nurture. What
about nature and evolution?
Ecological Validity = Most studies are carried out in labs, how far can we
relate these results to real life? In a lab setting there may have been
issues of social desirability!
Reductionist = Reducing relationships which are complex, down to
simple stimulus – response behaviour!
Attraction to potential partners is actually a product of
evolution, rather than in response to rewards or needs.
Aron (2005) found that the reward system in our brains
evolved in order for humans to select an appropriate
mate to pass genes for survival.
This shows that evolution plays the main role when
selecting a mate as it is important to select a mate
quickly in order to reproduce.
Therefore this evidence refutes the reward/need theory ,
arguing that relationship formation is just a product of