PSYA1:
Cognitive
Psychology
Memory

“Encoding and
Essay Writing”

Miss Russell


Listen to the music being played… try
to remember as many of the lyrics as
you can!



Is it easy to remember words or...
Thinking Ladder…
How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
E

Will be able to define encoding.

C

Will be able to explai...
Encoding
This is the way information is changed so it
can be stored in memory.
 Information enters the brain via the sens...
Baddeley presented participants with 4 lists. He asked them
to remember as many words as possible immediately after,
and t...
List 1

man map can cap

Acoustically Similar

List 2

 try pig hut pen

Acoustically
Dissimilar

List 3

 great big huge ...
Read through the additional findings in your
workbook…
Decide whether or not they support Baddeley’s
findings.

+ if they ...
How to write a 12 mark answer!
‘Outline’ = Describe your knowledge of.
So this is your A01!
‘Evaluate’ = Use your critical thinking skills. What are the
...
In the exam a 12 mark question will be split into A01 and A02
marks.
6 marks = A01

6 marks = A02

So you need to make 6 r...
POINT
EVIDENCE

Make your
point.

Short term memory and long term
memory have been found to encode
information differently...
Link

Complete a PEEL
elaboration ladder
for one piece of
research we have
studied so far in
class.

Explain

Evidence

Po...
You will be completing this 12 mark question for
homework! Write this in your planners.
Brief Introduction
No more than 3 lines!

Duration Research A01
Describe/outline 1 study

Duration Research A02

Strengths...
In pairs you are going to create a paper chain of your essay.
Take each strip of paper. Write a point , study or piece of
...
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  1. 1. PSYA1: Cognitive Psychology Memory “Encoding and Essay Writing” Miss Russell
  2. 2.  Listen to the music being played… try to remember as many of the lyrics as you can!  Is it easy to remember words or lyrics from music?  How is the information stored in our memory?
  3. 3. Thinking Ladder…
  4. 4. How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to define encoding. C Will be able to explain how encoding differs between STM & STM. A Will be able to explain & evaluate research into encoding in STM & LTM.
  5. 5. Encoding This is the way information is changed so it can be stored in memory.  Information enters the brain via the senses but is then stored in different forms. 1) Visual What do you 2) Acoustic think these three 3) Semantic forms are?  Is information in STM and LTM encoded differently?
  6. 6. Baddeley presented participants with 4 lists. He asked them to remember as many words as possible immediately after, and then again 20 minutes later. List List List List 1: man map can cap 2: try pig hut pen 3: great big huge wide 4: run easy tug end What is different about each of the lists? Which do you think was easiest to recall immediately? Which do you think was remembered more after 20 minutes? Why?
  7. 7. List 1 man map can cap Acoustically Similar List 2  try pig hut pen Acoustically Dissimilar List 3  great big huge wide Semantically Similar List 4 run easy tug end Semantically Dissimilar Participants had difficulty remembering acoustically similar words in STM but not LTM. Semantically similar words posed no problem in STM, but got confused in LTM. What does this suggest about the way information is encoded in STM & LTM?
  8. 8. Read through the additional findings in your workbook… Decide whether or not they support Baddeley’s findings. + if they support. Put a  Put a  or a – if they don’t! or a Be prepared to feed back your thoughts!
  9. 9. How to write a 12 mark answer!
  10. 10. ‘Outline’ = Describe your knowledge of. So this is your A01! ‘Evaluate’ = Use your critical thinking skills. What are the strengths/weaknesses of? How can it be compared to other pieces of research? This is your A02!
  11. 11. In the exam a 12 mark question will be split into A01 and A02 marks. 6 marks = A01 6 marks = A02 So you need to make 6 relevant and accurate A01 points and 6 accurate A02 points for full marks. However you can also gain extra marks through effective elaboration! So you can write less points if you elaborate fully! We would expect you to spend approx 15-20 mins on a 12 marker in the exam! You also get judged on the quality of your writing, punctuation and grammar!
  12. 12. POINT EVIDENCE Make your point. Short term memory and long term memory have been found to encode information differently. Support it with Baddeley tested this by showing psychological participants lists of semantically similar and dissimilar words, and acoustically research. similar and dissimilar words. EXPLAIN LINK Explain what the research shows or suggests. He found that participants found it hard remembering acoustically similar words in STM, and semantically similar words in LTM. This suggests that STM encodes information acoustically, where as LTM encodes information for meaning, semantically. Link it back to This supports the claim that STM and LTM your point or encode information differently. the question.
  13. 13. Link Complete a PEEL elaboration ladder for one piece of research we have studied so far in class. Explain Evidence Point
  14. 14. You will be completing this 12 mark question for homework! Write this in your planners.
  15. 15. Brief Introduction No more than 3 lines! Duration Research A01 Describe/outline 1 study Duration Research A02 Strengths & weaknesses/ comparison with other research. Capacity Research A01 Describe/outline 1 study Capacity Research A02 Strengths & weaknesses/ comparison with other research. Encoding Research A01 Describe/outline 1 study Encoding Research A02 Strengths & weaknesses/ comparison with other research.
  16. 16. In pairs you are going to create a paper chain of your essay. Take each strip of paper. Write a point , study or piece of information you are going to include in your essay on each strip. Connect them together in the order you will write about them in your essay answer. Make sure the strips all link together in the appropriate place. They must form a logical, flowing essay structure!

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