Resourcd File

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Resourcd File

  1. 1. 2 minutes to write down what you think clinical psychology is
  2. 2.  Clinical psychology is concerned with abnormal behaviour  It seeks to define what makes a behaviour abnormal, and then to diagnose what the problem is so that it can be treated
  3. 3.  Psychiatrists take note of the symptoms and then decide what the disorder is and what treatment is available
  4. 4. Only 30% of us can flare our nostrils.
  5. 5. 27% admit to cheating on a test or quiz.
  6. 6. 50% admit they regularly sneak food into movie theatres to avoid the high prices of snack foods.
  7. 7. 58.4% have called into work sick when we weren't.
  8. 8. 35% give to charity at least once a month.
  9. 9. 30% of us refuse to sit on a public toilet seat.
  10. 10. 90% of us depend on alarm clocks to wake us.
  11. 11. 20% of women consider their parents to be their best friends.
  12. 12. How far would you go for £10 million?
  13. 13. 25% would abandon their friends, family, and church. 7% would murder.
  14. 14. Speak to your neighbour for 2 minutes and try to write your own definition of abnormality
  15. 15. Why do you think it is important to have an explicit definition of abnormality?
  16. 16. Clinical Psychology
  17. 17. It is far from clear what abnormality means, it means different things to different people/cultures etc You need to know two definitions of abnormality 1. Statistical definition 2. Social norm definition
  18. 18.  The statistical definition of abnormality uses the curve of normal distribution  The assumption is that any human characteristic is spread in a normal way across the general population
  19. 19. When the characteristic is plotted on a graph, it will form a normal distribution. The majority of people will fall in the middle of the graph with the minority being at either extreme of the graph
  20. 20.  The same is true for normal and abnormal behaviour  If someone’s behaviour falls in the bottom or top 2.5% (more than 2 standard deviations away from the mean in the centre) then it is considered to be abnormal
  21. 21.  The IQ intelligence quotient is often given as an example of the working of this definition  This is because IQ is normally distributed across the population and anyone outside the normal limits is said to be abnormal
  22. 22. An example:  65% of the population have an IQ between 85 and 115  The average IQ is 100
  23. 23. An example:  The majority (95%) of the population have an IQ between 70 and 130  Therefore, those with an IQ below 70 fall in the bottom 2.5% of the population – this is classed as abnormal  This is one of the criteria for diagnosing mental retardation
  24. 24. Think of 1 strength and 1 weakness of the statistical definition of abnormality
  25. 25. Strengths:  It gives quantitative data which is objective – likely to be reliable  It highlights abnormality (e.g. IQ) as a lack of ‘normal’ functioning – this is practical because it can be used as evidence to request funding or help for those individuals
  26. 26. Weaknesses:  The definition is limited because there are statistical frequent behaviours that are still considered as abnormal  Depression is common in the UK but is still considered a mental health disorder and abnormal  Abnormal behaviour is not rare – people are likely to show abnormal behaviour at some point in their lives
  27. 27. This definition states that behaviour which conforms to social norms is normal and behaviour that does not is abnormal. What are norms?
  28. 28. This definition states that behaviour which conforms to social norms is normal and behaviour that does not is abnormal. What are norms?
  29. 29. • Norms are social rules that are not laws but customs and people in society abide by such rules in their behaviour • If someone behaves in a way that does not conform to our social norms we may feel anxious or threatened by them. Can you think of an example of this?
  30. 30. Strengths:  The definition does match what is seen as abnormality in daily life  It explains why different cultures have alternative ideas of what is normal/abnormal  Takes into account that there is no universal rule about what is abnormal
  31. 31. Weaknesses:  This definition of abnormality can lead to an abuse of a person’s rights based on what society sees as normal  Norms change over time, so what one generation sees as abnormal the next generation may see as normal. It wasn’t so long ago that single females who became pregnant could be placed in mental asylums
  32. 32. Dr Padawi

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