We are only spending ONE LESSON ON OUR BRAINSTORM!

Our family overview
Having an OVERALL understanding of sociologists
vi...
Lesson objectives
• ALL of us will be able to identify the
sociological theories studied so far
• MOST of us will describe...
Period 1 today- you should have some key theorists in
front of you. An A3 sheet of paper, scissors and a glue

• You have ...
Functionalist
•
•
•
•

What type of theory and why?
Which two main theorists?
What did they argue?
What are the criticisms...
Who is Laslett?
• Survey of parish records shows families in the
pre- industrial revolution times were Nuclear
and NOT EXT...
Willmot and Young (1973) carried out a study in
Bethnal Green in 1960s

• Showed extended families only started to go
into...
Willmott and Young…
• Argued modern marriage is categorised by
joint conjugal roles- sharing household tasks
• ANN OAKLEY-...
Functionalist- nuclear family good or
bad?
•
•
•
•

WHY?
Why do they disagree with other family types?
What theory are the...
The NEW RIGHT
•
•
•
•
•

Linked to which Government?
Which time period?
What was their main argument?
Who is the main theo...
Charles Murray
• Sexual permissiveness is the main cause of
moral decay in the UK
• Decriminalising homosexuality and abor...
Although this view has been criticised!
• Tax and welfare policies have generally
favoured heterosexual couples
• Payment ...
Very contemporary example!- married
couples tax break
• The plan is to make up to £1,000 of a person's
income tax personal...
Marxism
•
•
•
•

Nuclear family good or bad?
What does it benefit?
What is Capitalism?
Socialises children into what?
Capi...
Who are the key theorists?
• Engels- families economic role is to maintain
wealth and money is kept in the family
through ...
Zaretsky
• when men go home they are ‘king of the
castle’
• Nuclear family socialises children into
capitalist ideology- f...
Berger and Kellner
• Roles in the family are an ‘on going
construction’- means as children grow older
their position in th...
Marxist feminist
• What do they argue?
• Benston (1972)- argue nuclear family provides
the basic commodity required by cap...
Ansley (1976)
• Women are like sponges- what did they mean by
this?
• Men may attempt to make up for lack of power at
work...
Liberal feminists
• ‘March of progress’
• Boys and girls learn through gender
socialisation
• Women benefitted from social...
A liberal feminist still wouldn’t be
happy about this….
BUT…..in regard to the family
they recognise men are more
likely t...
Remember you need evidence!
• Number of house-husbands triples in 15 years
as number of women who are family's main
breadw...
Radical feminists
• Millett- modern societies characterised by
Patriarchy
• This is due to gender role socialisation

• CR...
Post modernist
• Number of social changes undermine traditional
nuclear family
• Social policy
• Plastic sexuality- ‘being...
Evidence we can use throughout our family
essays
• Majority of people in Britain still marry and
surveys suggest most peop...
Chandler (1993)
• Argues if trend continues 40% of marriages
will end in divorce
• MATRIMONIAL AND FAMILY PROCEEDINGS
ACT ...
This is our knowledge!
• We can answer ANY ESSAY QUESTION as long
as we structure it correctly
• Include the correct under...
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Resourcd File

  1. 1. We are only spending ONE LESSON ON OUR BRAINSTORM! Our family overview Having an OVERALL understanding of sociologists view of the family is imperative to get a good grade. It shouldn’t matter what you are asked as long as you know your sociologists arguments and you can write a good essay!
  2. 2. Lesson objectives • ALL of us will be able to identify the sociological theories studied so far • MOST of us will describe the theorists linked to each of these schools of thought • SOME of us will be able to explain the criticisms of at least two AIM- to complete our revision brainstorm for next weeks MOCK EXAM
  3. 3. Period 1 today- you should have some key theorists in front of you. An A3 sheet of paper, scissors and a glue • You have 15 minutes to cut these up and arrange these around your family • Collate all of the theorists that go together under each theory but do NOT stick anything down
  4. 4. Functionalist • • • • What type of theory and why? Which two main theorists? What did they argue? What are the criticisms? MURDOCKS DEFINITION IS ALSO VERY ETHNOCENTRIC (based on American families)- suggests other cultures family types are inferior
  5. 5. Who is Laslett? • Survey of parish records shows families in the pre- industrial revolution times were Nuclear and NOT EXTENDED
  6. 6. Willmot and Young (1973) carried out a study in Bethnal Green in 1960s • Showed extended families only started to go into decline because the welfare states housing was geared to Nuclear families • Compulsory education meant there was less need for mutual support from the family • They said this encouraged emergence of the ‘Symmetrial Family’ – they agreed with Parsons that the Nuclear family would be the most dominant by the 1990s
  7. 7. Willmott and Young… • Argued modern marriage is categorised by joint conjugal roles- sharing household tasks • ANN OAKLEY-FEMINIST-DISAGREES! • She argues there study was unreliable- only asked one question • Elston surveyed 400 couples who were both Doctors- 80% of the women took time off when their child was poorly
  8. 8. Functionalist- nuclear family good or bad? • • • • WHY? Why do they disagree with other family types? What theory are they most linked to? NEW RIGHT!
  9. 9. The NEW RIGHT • • • • • Linked to which Government? Which time period? What was their main argument? Who is the main theorist here? What is Dependency culture?
  10. 10. Charles Murray • Sexual permissiveness is the main cause of moral decay in the UK • Decriminalising homosexuality and abortion
  11. 11. Although this view has been criticised! • Tax and welfare policies have generally favoured heterosexual couples • Payment of child benefit to the Mother and lack of free nursery care has reinforced Mums should stay at home • ALLAN (1985) ARGUES THESE POLICIES HAVE DISCOURGAED COHABITATION
  12. 12. Very contemporary example!- married couples tax break • The plan is to make up to £1,000 of a person's income tax personal allowance transferable between adults who are married or in a civil partnership Couples who will qualify for this tax break are those in marriages or civil partnerships, which according to the government should be more than 4 million couples
  13. 13. Marxism • • • • Nuclear family good or bad? What does it benefit? What is Capitalism? Socialises children into what? Capitalist IDEOLOGYchildren learn obedience and rules. Inequality is natural. Conformist adult workers.
  14. 14. Who are the key theorists? • Engels- families economic role is to maintain wealth and money is kept in the family through inheritance- nuclear families are the only type who can protect this • Nuclear family supports capitalism by women being an unpaid labour force • Also believe nuclear family act as a ‘safety valve’
  15. 15. Zaretsky • when men go home they are ‘king of the castle’ • Nuclear family socialises children into capitalist ideology- false class consciousness • Unit of consumption- encouraged by ideological institutions like the mass media to buy ‘false needs’ e.g. designer clothes (MARCUSE)
  16. 16. Berger and Kellner • Roles in the family are an ‘on going construction’- means as children grow older their position in the family changes anyway
  17. 17. Marxist feminist • What do they argue? • Benston (1972)- argue nuclear family provides the basic commodity required by capitalismrearing future work force and keeping husbands healthy through domestic labour
  18. 18. Ansley (1976) • Women are like sponges- what did they mean by this? • Men may attempt to make up for lack of power at work by exerting power in the home • Dobash and Dobash- women may suffer domestic violence if they challenge mans authority
  19. 19. Liberal feminists • ‘March of progress’ • Boys and girls learn through gender socialisation • Women benefitted from social policy- Equality Act, changes in divorce laws, rape in marriage now being a crime • Wilkinson- GENDERQUAKE- womens main priority is now their jobs rather than motherhood
  20. 20. A liberal feminist still wouldn’t be happy about this…. BUT…..in regard to the family they recognise men are more likely to take a more EGALITARIAN ROLE NOW Although the mass media may have a way to go to improve their representation of women
  21. 21. Remember you need evidence! • Number of house-husbands triples in 15 years as number of women who are family's main breadwinner soars • Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2092053/Househusbands-triple-15years-number-women-familys-main-breadwinner-soars.html#ixzz2mtnDePmh
  22. 22. Radical feminists • Millett- modern societies characterised by Patriarchy • This is due to gender role socialisation • CRITICISED BY HAKIM (1995) • 1) for being dated • 2) for not considering females may choose to be mothers and housewives
  23. 23. Post modernist • Number of social changes undermine traditional nuclear family • Social policy • Plastic sexuality- ‘being in love for now’ GIDDENS • Some women choose to be childless • Range of contraceptives • Same sex marriages • Welfare state
  24. 24. Evidence we can use throughout our family essays • Majority of people in Britain still marry and surveys suggest most people still see at as a desirable goal • Chester (1985) argues people are simply delaying marriage until later • About 30% of births are with cohabiting couples rather than married couples (ONS) • Fletcher (1988) argues births conceal traditional nuclear families just without the marriage
  25. 25. Chandler (1993) • Argues if trend continues 40% of marriages will end in divorce • MATRIMONIAL AND FAMILY PROCEEDINGS ACT (1984)- couples can start petitioning after one year • 1990s 75% of these petitions were started by women • Hart (1976)- women increasingly unhappy due to dual burden
  26. 26. This is our knowledge! • We can answer ANY ESSAY QUESTION as long as we structure it correctly • Include the correct understanding and knowledge- AO1 • The apply/ analyse/ assess/ evaluate for AO2

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