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Resourcd File

  1. 1. Do dreams have a meaning? An introduction to the work of Sigmund Freud
  2. 2. What do YOU dream about?  Write down an account of a dream that you can remember.  Include as much detail as possible.
  3. 3. Reasons for dreaming Why do you think people dream? What purpose does dreaming have for the individual? spiritual biological cognitive
  4. 4. Freud‟s model of the psyche
  5. 5. Freud‟s model of the Psyche (mind)
  6. 6. Dreamwork  The latent content of a dream is transformed into manifest content through the process of dreamwork.  Dreamwork consists of the various processes listed below. These processes are applied to repressed wishes to produce the content of the dream that is experienced. The processes include the following.  • Condensation Dream thoughts are rich in detail and content but these are condensed to the brief images in a dream where one dream image stands for several associations and ideas.  • Displacement The emotional significance of a dream object is separated from its real object or content and attached to an entirely different one so that the dream content is not „censored‟. (Freud used the concept of a „censor‟ who prevents disturbing thoughts reaching the conscious mind except in a disguised form.)
  7. 7. Dreamwork  • Representation A thought is translated into visual images.  • Symbolism A symbol replaces an action, person or idea.  • Secondary elaboration The unconscious mind collects all the different images and ties them together to form a logical story, further disguising the latent content.  (The actual dream material may be supplied from recent events in a person's waking life.)
  8. 8. Manifest and Latent Dream Content Manifest Latent
  9. 9. Interpreting your dream: “The royal road to the unconscious” Manifest Latent  Literal meaning of your dream  The symbolic meaning  The characters  Characters  The events  Events  The setting  Setting  What was going on for you in your life at the time?  Could this help understand your dream?

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