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Resourcd File


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Resourcd File

  1. 1. Psychology TasterSession
  2. 2. What is psychology?•On the whiteboard,write down one word /phrase showing whatyou think this subject isall about…
  3. 3. What is Psychology?
  4. 4. After a momentAfter a momentyou will enteryou will enterthe world ofthe world ofmagicmagic......
  5. 5. You can see 6You can see 6cardscards..Think of one ofThink of one ofthemthem..Just thinkJust think..
  6. 6. Look into my eyes.Just think aboutyour card.
  7. 7. I do not knowyou...But I knowwhat youthink.
  8. 8. Look,Look,I tookI tookyour card !!!your card !!!
  9. 9. I knew theI knew thechoice youchoice youwould bewould bemakingmaking!!
  10. 10. •So psychologists can readminds!•Or can they?
  11. 11. The human brain …… tricks us whenever it can!
  12. 12. The phenomenal power of the human mindI cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrdwaht I was rdaniegThe phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid!Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy,it deosnt mttaer inwaht oredr the ltteers in a wrodare, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsatltteer be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotlmses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm. Tihsis bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed erveylteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Amzanighuh? Yaeh, and I awlyas thought slpeling wasipmorantt.
  13. 13. Optical Illusions and Visual PhenomenaWant to confuse your eyes and brain a bit?Yes? Then you might want to have a look at the following pics ..
  14. 14. It ...
  15. 15. Psychology – True or False?1. We tend to like people more and rate themmore highly when we are familiar with them thanwhen we are not2. Memory is like a tape recorder.3. Subliminal advertising is effective.4. Your relationship with your parents is moreimportant than relationships with your siblings(brothers and sisters).5. Some people are left-brained, others are right-brained.6. People who feel stressed have weakpersonalities
  16. 16. Psychology – True or False?7. Psychologists all have the same viewsabout behaviour8. Psychologists can read peoples’ minds.9. Very few people have mental illnesses orsignificant emotional problems.10. Playing Mozart’s music to infants booststheir IQ.11. Women are more likely to obey than menare12. By studying Psychology A Level, I will learnhow to lie effectively and how to pullwomen/men.
  17. 17. Psychology – True or False?13. There is no point of studying animal behaviour14. Anyone who does not have ideal mental healthshould take a pill to make them better15. Most psychologists work as therapists orcounsellors.16. Lie detectors are reliable indicators of whethersomeone is telling the truth or not.17. Psychologists go around analysing people all thetime.18. Psychology is a scientific discipline, which hasbeen officially classified as a science by A level examboards.
  18. 18. Psychology- IntroWhat: To look at the course inpsychologyHow: looking at different ways ofexplaining human behaviour;considering real life examplesWhy: To get a feel or what youwould do in this course.
  19. 19. AS: the courseUnit 1:• Research methods• Cognitivepsychology; memory• Developmentalpsychology;attachmentUnit 2:• Biologicalpsychology; Stress• Individualdifferences;abnormality• Social influence
  20. 20. A2: the courseUnit 4:• Research methods• Psychopathology:Schizophrenia/OCD/Depression (choose 1)• Psychology in action:Media, addiction,anomalisticUnit 3:Choice of 3 of the following:• Aggression• Eating behaviours• Relationships• Gender• Perception• Biological rhythms and sleep• Intelligence
  21. 21. Who will teach me?Your course at Aldenham istaught by 3 teachers:•Mrs Evagora (Head ofPsychology)•Mr Dunstan (HSM of McGills)•Mr Kupfer (Science andPsychology teacher)
  22. 22. Psychology is...• A science based look at humanbehaviour.• Not child development, notsociology• Not easy.• A route in to lots ofcareers...biology; neuroscience;sport psychology; criminology;educational psychology;advertising; statistics; mentalhealth jobs; therapist; research...
  23. 23. So what type of Psychologistswould you be???After break you will bepreparing your wonpsychologicalinvestigation. Before that,it is worth finding outwhat type of psychologistyou would be.
  24. 24. In small groups discuss and come up with theories to explain why these peopleact the way they do (or did)ApproachesPoint (WHAT)Explanation (WHY)Explanation/Evidence (HOW)
  25. 25. Activate:An approach is a point of view in psychology. Theapproaches think different things are most influentialin human behaviour.There are 6 main approaches we look at:• Biological approach• Cognitive approach• Behavioural approach• Psychodynamic approach• Developmental approach• Evolutionary approach
  26. 26. BiologicalMain assumptions:Human behaviour is the result of physical things in the body/brain. These include:• Genetics• Neurotransmitter levels• Neuro-anatomical explanations• Hormone levelsBiological approach uses biological techniques to measurebehaviour (e.g. Blood tests)This approach recommends medication, surgery and ECT tochange the behaviour
  27. 27. Cognitive approachMain assumptions:It argues that thought processes can influence the way we interpretevents (our perception of the world) and the behaviours we thenshow.Cognitions includes:• Beliefs• Thinking patterns• Schemas• AttitudesCognitive approach uses laboratory experiments to measurebehaviourThis approach recommends CBT to change the behaviour
  28. 28. EvolutionaryMain assumptions:Human behaviour is the result of the way humanshave evolved. If a behaviour was adaptive(helped our ancestors be the ones to pass ontheir genes) then it will be ‘built in’ to us.e.g. There may be evolutionary reasons for the foodwe like/ avoid, the way we choose our sexualpartners, etc.
  29. 29. PsychodynamicMain assumptions:Human behaviour is the result of different drives (motivations) withinour psyche and how these develop.The approach emphasises the importance of;• The relationships betweenyou and your parents• Childhood incidents• The unconscious mindPsychodynamic approach unusual individuals (case studies) tomeasure behaviourThis approach recommends psychoanalysis to change the behaviour
  30. 30. BehaviouralMain assumptions:Human behaviour is the result of what we have learnt.We can learn through...• Our own experiences (classical and operantconditioning)• Observing others experiences (social learning) can make a child violent by letting them watch anadult being violent and being rewarded for this.Behavioural approach uses observations to measurebehaviourThis approach recommends CBT to change the behaviour
  31. 31. DevelopmentalMain assumptions:Human behaviour is the result of how we growintellectually, emotionally and socially.It sees us as naturally gaining different skills andabilities as we grow (nature) but also that things thathappen during this process(nurture) that can alter our laterBehaviours (e.g. Critical periods).
  32. 32. DemonstrateTASK: Read the case study,explain WHICH approach toPsychology you would choose.Be ready to share with others.
  33. 33. Consolidation1. In pairs put the approaches into a hierarchy (order)- mostinfluential at the top, least influential at the bottom.• Biological approach• Cognitive approach• Behavioural approach• Psychodynamic approach• Developmental approach• Evolutionary approachOr Higher: Which approaches do you think work welltogether?
  34. 34. Biological – bodyBehaviourist – environment has an impactPsychodynamic – unconscious mental processesCognitive -information processingApproachesPoint (WHAT)Explanation (WHY)Explanation/Evidence (HOW)
  35. 35. What you need to do now...Summer work - Deadline: Monday 9/9/13