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Resourcd File

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Resourcd File

  1. 1. Weber and Power 1. How are women exploited in families, according to Delphy and Leonard? 2. Why are feminists critical of traditional gender roles? 3. What is de-schooling? 4. What is a comprehensive school? 5. What is one disadvantage of private schools? Through performing unpaid labour which benefits men They can hold women back from other aspirations The argument the formal education system should be abolished A school that does not select on ability They pass on advantages to the middle class Wednesday, March 6, 2019
  2. 2. Weber defined power as: when an individual or group are able to get what they want despite opposition. Power may be based on: Power and its sources Coercion = use of force Threat, violence, torture. Who uses coercion? Authority = when we obey someone or a group because we think it is the right thing to do Who exercises authority?
  3. 3. Sources of Authority Traditional authority: based on custom or tradition Rational legal authority: based on people accepting a set of laws or rules. Operates within a bureaucracy (organisation with hierarchy and clear set of rules) Charismatic authority: we obey someone because we believe they have exceptional personal qualities that inspire us Some people may exercise more than one type of authority.
  4. 4. Who is what? Nelson Mandela The Queen Mr Bhatia Police officer Jesus
  5. 5. Identify and describe one type of authority Weber believed could be exercised, including what you know of his perspective on power (4) • Weber described power as… • He believed it could be exercised through… • One type of authority is… • Their defining authoritative feature is… Practice Question
  6. 6. Sociological Perspectives and Power
  7. 7. Marxists see power as closely linked to social class relationships. Which social class has more power? Why? How do they exercise their power? Marxist perspective on power
  8. 8. Feminists argue Marxist and Weberian approaches to power do not take gender into account. They focus on the power men, and the power women lack, in a patriarchal society. Sylvia Walby (1990) defines patriarchy as: a system of social structures and practices in which men dominate, oppress and exploit women. Power and Patriarchy
  9. 9. Walby’s six structures of patriarchy 1. Give an example of how women are disadvantaged in paid employment. 2. Name a key study from families which argues women are exploited in the home. 3. How are women often presented in the media? 4. Give one policy that could criticize the idea that the state disadvantages women.
  10. 10. 1.Giveanexampleof howwomenare disadvantagedinpaid employment. 2.Nameakeystudyfrom familieswhichargues womenareexploitedin thehome. 3.Howarewomenoften presentedinthe media? 4.Giveonepolicythat couldcriticizetheidea thatthestate disadvantageswomen. 1.Giveanexampleof howwomenare disadvantagedinpaid employment. 2.Nameakeystudyfrom familieswhichargues womenareexploitedin thehome. 3.Howarewomenoften presentedinthe media? 4.Giveonepolicythat couldcriticizetheidea thatthestate disadvantageswomen.
  11. 11. • Argues patriarchy has shifted from private patriarchy (in the home) to public patriarchy (in the workplace and in public) • Although women have more access to, for example, top jobs, they are still disadvantaged. To what extent do you agree? Why? How would a Marxist disagree? Walby’s ideas about patriarchy LINK TO KEY TERMINOLOGY: glass ceiling
  12. 12. Identify one ethical issue you may encounter when investigating controlling or exploitative behavior in family relationships and explain how you would address this (4) • One ethical issue is… (identify) • This involves… (explain the ethical issue) • I would deal with it by… • This would be important when investigating controlling behavior because… Practice question What are the ethical issues?
  13. 13. Fill in the Blanks ________ describes ________ as when an individual or group are able to get what they want despite opposition. This can be accomplished in two ways: authority and __________. He also identified three types of authority: ______________ authority: people ______ this figure as they believe they have exceptional personal qualities that they find inspiring. _________________ authority: based on people accepting a set of laws or rules. Operates within a _______________ Traditional authority: based on _________ or tradition. ________ studied _____________ and power. She argued that patriarchy has shifted from _________ patriarchy (in the home) to ________ patriarchy (in the workplace and in public). She found this through examining six patriarchal structures: 1) _____________________; 2) the household; 3) Culture; 4) ___________; 5) male violence against women; 6) the state Weber power coercion Charismatic obey Rational legal bureaucracy custom Walby patriarchy private public paid employment sexuality

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