vs. Open Source
Have to pay the software if want to use
Eg. Microsoft Office, Photoshop, Windows 7
Open Source Software:
Free to use
Provides the original source code of software so that
advanced users can modify it to make work better for them.
Example: Linus, Mozill Firefox 3.0 , OpenOffice.Org
vs. Open Source Software
OPEN SOURCE PROPRIETARY
Linux,Ubuntu, Open Office Microsoft windows, word, Pumori
Purchased with source code Purchased with out source code
User can modify software User can not modify software.
Free of Charge Must pay to use.
Can install freely License required
No one is responsible for support Full support from vendor if any
Free vs.Open Source
FREE SOFTWARES OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARES
• Freedom to run program for any
• Freedom to study about program
• Freedom to distribute copes of
• Freedom to modify/improve
program and release
improvements to public
• It has distribution of License.
• Availability of Source Code.
• Free Distribution
• Integrity of Authors Source Code.
Category Propretary Open Source
Operating System Windows 7 Rad Hat Linux
Office Packages Microsoft Office OpenOffice
Desktop Publichation Adobe Pagemaker Scribus
Email Microsoft Outlook Thurnderbird
Database SQL Server PostGreSQL, MySQL
History of Open Source..
1960-70-Software Sharing culture is US Culture
1976- Bill Gates’ “Open Letter to Hobbyists” advocating that software should be paid for
Early 80s LISP programming language taken by MIS to dismay of hackers.
January 1984- Richard Stallman quit job at MIT and started to wrok on GNU , a set of
1986-Free Software Foundation was born.
1990-Bringing ‘Free software to the corporate world with Cygnus.
1991- Linus Torvalds distributed Unix like Kernal and encouraged everyone, Kernal was
leter names “ Linux”
1992- Xfree86 was born, started to develop linux for desktop level
1993- Debina and Slackware as implementations of GNU/Linus ware born.
1994-Apache , popular webserver was borned.
1995- Red hast was born.
1997-GNU/Linus grabbed 25% of server market.
1997-GNOME desktop manager was born.
1998- Netscape released open source of its browser.
1998- the term :Open Source’ was coined.
1999-Rat Hast was transformed into corporation. Linux” started not to charge
for its software but for support services.
Benefits & Drawbacks
Availability of Source Code.
Product does not depend on vendor.
Customization and Control make easy.
Not Generally straight forward to use.
Require training to operate it.
Incompatibility Issue during installation/operation
Software quality assurance process is not widely transparent.
No financial Incentive
Benefits of FOSS
Economy and affordability.
No license and maintenance fee.
Stability and Security
Data integrity – No Viruses.
Open Standard, interoperability, portability.
Can be converted /localized easily.
User Freedoms-Freedom to use , study, modify
Nepali users are using on pirated illegal copies of software.
They prefer to use free software.
Initiated by FOSS Nepal Community initiated by few people in 2005.
Nepal Open Source Klub was organized in 2008.
Some products like Nepalinux, ubatunepal, Chitwanix are introducted by some
Software freedom day 2005 , turn out to be turning point for open source.
Most ISP are using open source tool like linux, MySQL PHP, Apache.
Some educational institute initiated Foss Community and trying to aware Nepali people.
So our status is on initial state.
Open source communities and Young
Development of IT industry in Nepal
Development of Nepal
Any Queries ?
“Use Open Source, Promote Open Source”.
“Lets build eNepal”
Thank you !