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Teachers vs. machines

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Slideshow used for a presentation at the CANeLearn Symposium, Vancouver, 2017

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Teachers vs. machines

  1. 1. Teachers vs. machines François Guité @FrancoisGuite
  2. 2. https://youtu.be/zLp-edwiGUU
  3. 3. Céline Alvarez (2015) https://youtu.be/pnF21M30U_U
  4. 4. Data : ONU, DAES, OCDE Source: http://qz.com/107438/why-business-leaders-and-economists-fear-the-global-economy-will-grow-more-slowly-for-the-foreseeable-future/ 1 AD 1000 1500 1700 2001 billion people 40 trillion 1990 dollars World population World GDP World population and GDP
  5. 5. Literate and illiterate world population, 1800 to 2014 Source: https://ourworldindata.org/literacy/
  6. 6. Projected world population by level of education, 1800 to 2014 Source: https://ourworldindata.org/global-rise-of-education
  7. 7. Olivier H. Beauchesne: Map of Scientific Collaboration (2014) http://olihb.com/2014/08/11/map-of-scientific-collaboration-redux/
  8. 8. https://youtu.be/kpW9JcWxKq0
  9. 9. 1946
  10. 10. 1957
  11. 11. 1964
  12. 12. 1976
  13. 13. There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home. Ken Olsen ‟ 1977
  14. 14. 2000 2007
  15. 15. Global Internet Consumption: Desktop vs Mobile Minutes per day Mobile Internet Desktop Internet 112.9 100 80 60 40 26.9 2014 2016 2018 http://digiday.com/media/mobile-overtaking-desktops-around-world-5-charts/
  16. 16. The acceleration of IT evolution Source: http://www.wealthdaily.com/articles/the-singularity-is-coming-is-it-here-already/7421
  17. 17. Source: http://rebaneruminations.typepad.com/rebanes_ruminations/2010/04/singularity-whats-that-wappendix.html intellectuallevel time 1950 2000 human intelligence machine intelligence transhumans ? the singularity
  18. 18. https://vimeo.com/141479485
  19. 19. Google 15,000 PB (estimated) https://royalsociety.org/topics-policy/projects/machine-learning/machine-learning-infographic/
  20. 20. * Zettabyte = 1 trillion gigabytes 2013 4,4 ZB* IDC:The Digital Universe (2014) http://www.emc.com/leadership/digital-universe/2014iview/executive-summary.htm Digital Universe 2013-2020 2020 44 ZB* IDC Digital Universe Study (2014)
  21. 21. The 4th platform on the rise # type mainframe PC smartphone many 1st platform stand alone computing millions 2nd platform distributed computing hundreds of millions 3rd platform cloud computing billions 4th platform ambient & cognitive computing 10s of billions
  22. 22. Likelyhood of automation in 2035 Secondary ed. teacher : http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-34066941
  23. 23. Likelyhood of automation in 2035 Primary ed. teacher: plus probable moins probable http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-34066941
  24. 24. https://youtu.be/sF0tRCqvyT0
  25. 25. https://youtu.be/_AxErdP0YI8
  26. 26. https://youtu.be/REoI1QC7Uy0 https://youtu.be/TckqNdrdbgk
  27. 27. Neurotechnology and Cognitive Technologies Policy Horizons Canada (2013) http://www.horizons.gc.ca/eng/content/neurotechnology-and-cognitive-technologies
  28. 28. Neurotechnology and Cognitive Technologies Policy Horizons Canada (2013) http://www.horizons.gc.ca/eng/content/neurotechnology-and-cognitive-technologies
  29. 29. intelligence artificielle
  30. 30. They compute. Machines don’t think.
  31. 31. https://youtu.be/DywO4zksfXw
  32. 32. AI: Science or activity that simulates human intelligence.
  33. 33. Computational Thinking algorithmic design creating solutions using a series of ordered steps decomposition breaking a problem into smaller parts pattern recognition analyse the data; find the order Carmelyne Thompson (2015) https://plus.google.com/+CarmelyneThompson/posts/diH3Q7Ascjb
  34. 34. https://youtu.be/XfCdArXDDKM
  35. 35. BUILD SMARTER SYSTEMS Developer Platform for Artificial Intelligence GET EARLY ACCESS How it works Configure Train Integrate Choose text, reason or vision modules. Combine modules to build a bot for yourself. Customize modules with training data and context to build specific intelligence running on custom machines. Simply tap into API endpoints available on Arya.ai. View reports and billing on your dashboard. Log In http://arya.ai
  36. 36. http://playground.tensorflow.org/
  37. 37. « Les nouvelles technologies nous ont condamnés à devenir intelligents !  » Michel Serres Le 16 juin 2011
  38. 38. La menace ne vient pas de l'intelligence artificielbut intellectual laziness. The greatest threat is not artificial intelligence,
  39. 39. There is currently no evidence that typical Internet use harms the adolescent brain. Mills, K.L. (Trends in Cognitive Science, 2014) http://www.cell.com/trends/cognitive-sciences/fulltext/S1364-6613(14)00106-5 Mills, K.L., Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience (2014) ‟There is currently no evidence that typical Internet use harms the adolescent brain.
  40. 40. 1 billion times more efficient than a supercomputer https://youtu.be/dAIQeTeMJ-I
  41. 41. h t t = technologyh = human being /
  42. 42. h t t = technologyh = human being ↔
  43. 43. h t t = technologyh = human being =
  44. 44. h t t = technologyh = human being
  45. 45. >h t t = technologyh = human being
  46. 46. h t> t = technologyh = human being
  47. 47. t = technologyh = human being
  48. 48. t = technologyh = human being h
  49. 49. >h t = networkt = technologyh = human being
  50. 50. >h t t = technologyh = human being = network
  51. 51. ht t = technologyh = human being = network
  52. 52. Schools are teaching things for which AI is already much superior.
  53. 53. World Economic Forum, 2015 Lifelong learning
  54. 54. What do children have to learn? OECD 2030 Framework Global Competency for an Inclusive World, OECD, 2016 ActionCompetencies Knowledge Skills Attitudes & Values Disciplinary knowledge Interdisciplinary knowledge Practical knowledge Cognitive and metacognitive skills Social and emotional skills Physical and practical skills http://www.oecd.org/pisa/aboutpisa/Global-competency-for-an-inclusive-world.pdf
  55. 55. Ackoff, R. (1989)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DIKW data knowledge information wisdom DIKW Pyramid
  56. 56. cognition social learning connective learning Mak, J.S.F. (2011) http://suifaijohnmak.wordpress.com/2011/11/06/connectivism-and-constructivism-similarities-and-differences-part-2/
  57. 57. cognition social learning connective learning machine learning
  58. 58. Station Link Downes, S. (2013) distributeddecentralizedcentralized Progression of networks
  59. 59. https://youtu.be/GLfWwyiU_QU
  60. 60. Affordance : all action possibilities latent in an object or the environment. J. Gibson (1977), W. Gaver (1991)
  61. 61. DIGITAL DEVICES AFFORDANCES AFFORDANCE: GIBSON, J.J. (1977); GAVER, W. (1991) CREATIVE
  62. 62. COLLECTIVE SOCIAL MEDIA AFFORDANCES AFFORDANCE: GIBSON, J.J. (1977); GAVER, W. (1991)
  63. 63. DIGITAL REALM AFFORDANCES AFFORDANCE: GIBSON, J.J. (1977); GAVER, W. (1991) PEDAGOGICAL
  64. 64. final exam score #ofstudents conventional classroom mastery learning 1-on-1 mentorship 2 Sigma problem (Bloom, 1984)
  65. 65. “We need to rethink our strategy of hoping the Internet will just go away.” http://www.newyorker.com/cartoons/a18183
  66. 66. Thank you francoisguite.com francoisguite.tumblr.com twitter.com/FrancoisGuite gplus.to/FrancoisGuite delicious.com/guitef

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