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Thermometers:
• Body temperature is a
measurement of the amount
of heat in the body.
• The balance between heat
produced and heat lost is the
body temperature.
• The normal adult body
temperature is 37 degrees
Celsius.
Mercury in clinical
thermometers contract
when in contact with
coldness and expand when
in contact with heat.
Therefore, indicating the
measure of temperature.
Thermometers:
• There is a normal range in
which a person’s body
temperature may vary and still
be considered normal.
• Take a look at these normal
ranges of body temperature:
Mercury in clinical
thermometers contract
when in contact with
coldness and expand when
in contact with heat.
Therefore, indicating the
measure of temperature.
Thermometers:
Mercury in clinical
thermometers contract
when in contact with
coldness and expand when
in contact with heat.
Therefore, indicating the
measure of temperature.
Method Normal Ranges
Oral 36.4°C to 37.2°C
Rectal 37°C to 37.8°C
Axillary 35.9°C to 36.7°C
Thermometers:
• They may be inserted either
into the rectum through the
anus, into the mouth under the
tongue or armpit.
• It is made of glass with a
narrowing above the bulb so
that the mercury column stays
in position even when the
instrument is removed.
Clinical or Mercurial
Mercury in clinical
thermometers contract
when in contact with
coldness and expand when
in contact with heat.
Therefore, indicating the
measure of temperature.
Thermometers:
• The use of this type is now
being eradicated as the
mercury content is dangerous
to people.
• All mercury equipment from
hospitals, including mercury-
in-glass thermometers, will be
phased out in the Philippines
by September 28, 2010.
Clinical or Mercurial
All mercury equipment
from hospitals were
phased out in the
Philippines.
How to Use
Thermometers:
1. Wash the bulb with
lukewarm water.
2. Shake vigorously.
3. Mercury level must be below
35°C or 95°F.
4. Place it through the rectum,
under the tongue or armpit.
5. Wait for 2-3 minutes.
6. Read the results at eye level.
Clinical or Mercurial
Thermometers:
• Digital thermometer may be
inserted into the mouth under
the tongue, under the armpit
or into the anus.
• This thermometer displays
the reading in the LCD.
• This type of thermometer
does not use mercury which
is hazardous to humans.
Digital Thermometer
Thermometers:
• That is why more and more
people are using it now.
• Also, using this is simple,
quick and effective.
Digital Thermometer
How to Use
Thermometers:
1. Wash your hands and take the
thermometer out of its holder.
2. Clean the probe (pointed end) of the
thermometer with rubbing alcohol or
soap and then rinse it in cool water.
3. Put a probe cover over the pointed end
of the thermometer. If your
thermometer did not come with a probe
cover then you can use it without one.
4. Lubricate the end of the probe with a
small amount of lubricating jelly.
Digital Thermometer : through the
rectum
How to Use
Thermometers:
5. Place your child (taking the
temperature through the rectum is
usually done on children) on his
stomach across a firm surface or your
lap before taking his temperature.
6. Gently slide the probe of the
thermometer into the rectum about a
half inch. Stop inserting the
thermometer if it becomes difficult to
insert. Never force the thermometer into
the rectum.
Digital Thermometer : through the
rectum
How to Use
Thermometers:
7. Continue to hold the thermometer the
entire time you are taking the
temperature. Always stay with your
client while taking the temperature.
8. Keep the thermometer in place until it
beeps then remove the thermometer
9. Read the numbers on the LCD.
These numbers are your client's
temperature. 10. 11. If you used a
probe cover, remove it and throw it
away.
Digital Thermometer : through the
rectum
How to Use
Thermometers:
12. Wash the probe of the
thermometer with soap, water
and rubbing alcohol when you
are done. Put the thermometer’s
tip cover. Place the thermometer
in its holder/container.
13. Record the reading.
14. Wash your hands.
Digital Thermometer : through the
rectum
How to Use
Thermometers:
1. Wash your hands and take
the thermometer from its
holder.
2. Clean the probe (pointed
end) of the thermometer with
rubbing alcohol or soap and
then rinse it in cool water.
Digital Thermometer : through
mouth
How to Use
Thermometers:
3. Inform the client that you
are going to take his
temperature orally.
4. Ask the client to wet
his/her lips and pick up his
tongue.
Digital Thermometer : through
mouth
How to Use
Thermometers:
5. Place the thermometer under
the client’s tongue on one side of
his/her mouth. Ask him/her to
close his/her lips. (You may
have to hold the thermometer
specially if your client is sick and
weak enough to even hold the
thermometer with his/her lips.)
Digital Thermometer : through
mouth
How to Use
Thermometers:
6. Leave the thermometer in place until
the thermometer signals it is finished.
When it beeps, it signifies that it can be
removed.
7. Remove the thermometer carefully
and read the temperature on the digital
display. Clean the tip of the
thermometer with a cotton ball soaked
in alcohol. Put the thermometer’s tip
cover. Place the thermometer in its
container.
Digital Thermometer : through
mouth
How to Use
Thermometers:
8. Record the reading and
wash your hands.
Digital Thermometer : through
mouth
How to Use
Thermometers:
1. Wash your hands and take the
thermometer from its holder.
2. Clean the probe (pointed end)
of the thermometer with rubbing
alcohol or soap and then rinse it
in cool water.
3. Inform the client that you are
going to take his temperature
under the armpit.
Digital Thermometer : through
armpit
How to Use
Thermometers:
4. Place the thermometer under
the client’s armpit. (You may
have to hold the thermometer
specially if your client is very sick
and weak that he/she cannot
even hold the thermometer with
his/her armpit.)
Digital Thermometer : through
armpit
How to Use
Thermometers:
Digital Thermometer : through
armpit
5. Leave the thermometer in
place until the thermometer
signals it is finished. When the
thermometer beeps, it means
that it can be removed.
How to Use
Thermometers:
Digital Thermometer : through
armpit
6. Remove the thermometer
carefully and read the
temperature on the digital
display. Clean the tip of the
thermometer with a cotton ball
soaked in alcohol. Put the
thermometer’s tip cover. Place
the thermometer in its container.
How to Use
Thermometers:
Digital Thermometer : through
armpit
7. Record the reading and
wash your hand.
How to Use
Thermometers:
Digital Thermometer : through
armpit
7. Record the reading and wash
your hand.
Ear Thermometer
Ear Thermometer
 Measures the heat coming from
the eardrum.
 This release of heat is
converted into a temperature
and displayed on an LCD.
 It is very easy to use this.
Ear Thermometer
 You just have to place the tip in the
ear of a person, press the button
and in a few seconds, the
measurement is seen on the LCD.
Infrared Thermometer with
Laser Pointer
Infrared Thermometer with
Laser Pointer
 Measures temperature using
thermal radiation emitted by the
body.
 It is also called laser thermometer
if a laser is utilized to aid in aiming
the thermometer.
Infrared Thermometer with
Laser Pointer
 Others call it non-contact
thermometer because of its ability
to measure temperature from a
distance.
 It provides temperature reading
without physically touching the
object.
Infrared Thermometer with
Laser Pointer
All you have to do is aim at
the object( as in the
forehead), pull the trigger
and immediately, you can
see the temperature
reading on the LCD.
Infrared Thermometer with
Laser Pointer
 It’s accuracy is about 30% due to
the interference of other thermal
objects, even the user of the
thermometer.
 Laser pointers are use to increase
its accuracy.
Forehead Temperature
Indicator
Forehead Temperature
Indicator
 Measures temperature by
changing its color according to
the temperature.
 It is used by putting it in the
forehead.
 It has a lower accuracy than
the digital and clinical
thermometer.
Forehead Temperature
Indicator

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Thermometer and Its Types

  • 1. Thermometers: • Body temperature is a measurement of the amount of heat in the body. • The balance between heat produced and heat lost is the body temperature. • The normal adult body temperature is 37 degrees Celsius. Mercury in clinical thermometers contract when in contact with coldness and expand when in contact with heat. Therefore, indicating the measure of temperature.
  • 2. Thermometers: • There is a normal range in which a person’s body temperature may vary and still be considered normal. • Take a look at these normal ranges of body temperature: Mercury in clinical thermometers contract when in contact with coldness and expand when in contact with heat. Therefore, indicating the measure of temperature.
  • 3. Thermometers: Mercury in clinical thermometers contract when in contact with coldness and expand when in contact with heat. Therefore, indicating the measure of temperature. Method Normal Ranges Oral 36.4°C to 37.2°C Rectal 37°C to 37.8°C Axillary 35.9°C to 36.7°C
  • 4. Thermometers: • They may be inserted either into the rectum through the anus, into the mouth under the tongue or armpit. • It is made of glass with a narrowing above the bulb so that the mercury column stays in position even when the instrument is removed. Clinical or Mercurial Mercury in clinical thermometers contract when in contact with coldness and expand when in contact with heat. Therefore, indicating the measure of temperature.
  • 5. Thermometers: • The use of this type is now being eradicated as the mercury content is dangerous to people. • All mercury equipment from hospitals, including mercury- in-glass thermometers, will be phased out in the Philippines by September 28, 2010. Clinical or Mercurial All mercury equipment from hospitals were phased out in the Philippines.
  • 6. How to Use Thermometers: 1. Wash the bulb with lukewarm water. 2. Shake vigorously. 3. Mercury level must be below 35°C or 95°F. 4. Place it through the rectum, under the tongue or armpit. 5. Wait for 2-3 minutes. 6. Read the results at eye level. Clinical or Mercurial
  • 7. Thermometers: • Digital thermometer may be inserted into the mouth under the tongue, under the armpit or into the anus. • This thermometer displays the reading in the LCD. • This type of thermometer does not use mercury which is hazardous to humans. Digital Thermometer
  • 8. Thermometers: • That is why more and more people are using it now. • Also, using this is simple, quick and effective. Digital Thermometer
  • 9. How to Use Thermometers: 1. Wash your hands and take the thermometer out of its holder. 2. Clean the probe (pointed end) of the thermometer with rubbing alcohol or soap and then rinse it in cool water. 3. Put a probe cover over the pointed end of the thermometer. If your thermometer did not come with a probe cover then you can use it without one. 4. Lubricate the end of the probe with a small amount of lubricating jelly. Digital Thermometer : through the rectum
  • 10. How to Use Thermometers: 5. Place your child (taking the temperature through the rectum is usually done on children) on his stomach across a firm surface or your lap before taking his temperature. 6. Gently slide the probe of the thermometer into the rectum about a half inch. Stop inserting the thermometer if it becomes difficult to insert. Never force the thermometer into the rectum. Digital Thermometer : through the rectum
  • 11. How to Use Thermometers: 7. Continue to hold the thermometer the entire time you are taking the temperature. Always stay with your client while taking the temperature. 8. Keep the thermometer in place until it beeps then remove the thermometer 9. Read the numbers on the LCD. These numbers are your client's temperature. 10. 11. If you used a probe cover, remove it and throw it away. Digital Thermometer : through the rectum
  • 12. How to Use Thermometers: 12. Wash the probe of the thermometer with soap, water and rubbing alcohol when you are done. Put the thermometer’s tip cover. Place the thermometer in its holder/container. 13. Record the reading. 14. Wash your hands. Digital Thermometer : through the rectum
  • 13. How to Use Thermometers: 1. Wash your hands and take the thermometer from its holder. 2. Clean the probe (pointed end) of the thermometer with rubbing alcohol or soap and then rinse it in cool water. Digital Thermometer : through mouth
  • 14. How to Use Thermometers: 3. Inform the client that you are going to take his temperature orally. 4. Ask the client to wet his/her lips and pick up his tongue. Digital Thermometer : through mouth
  • 15. How to Use Thermometers: 5. Place the thermometer under the client’s tongue on one side of his/her mouth. Ask him/her to close his/her lips. (You may have to hold the thermometer specially if your client is sick and weak enough to even hold the thermometer with his/her lips.) Digital Thermometer : through mouth
  • 16. How to Use Thermometers: 6. Leave the thermometer in place until the thermometer signals it is finished. When it beeps, it signifies that it can be removed. 7. Remove the thermometer carefully and read the temperature on the digital display. Clean the tip of the thermometer with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. Put the thermometer’s tip cover. Place the thermometer in its container. Digital Thermometer : through mouth
  • 17. How to Use Thermometers: 8. Record the reading and wash your hands. Digital Thermometer : through mouth
  • 18. How to Use Thermometers: 1. Wash your hands and take the thermometer from its holder. 2. Clean the probe (pointed end) of the thermometer with rubbing alcohol or soap and then rinse it in cool water. 3. Inform the client that you are going to take his temperature under the armpit. Digital Thermometer : through armpit
  • 19. How to Use Thermometers: 4. Place the thermometer under the client’s armpit. (You may have to hold the thermometer specially if your client is very sick and weak that he/she cannot even hold the thermometer with his/her armpit.) Digital Thermometer : through armpit
  • 20. How to Use Thermometers: Digital Thermometer : through armpit 5. Leave the thermometer in place until the thermometer signals it is finished. When the thermometer beeps, it means that it can be removed.
  • 21. How to Use Thermometers: Digital Thermometer : through armpit 6. Remove the thermometer carefully and read the temperature on the digital display. Clean the tip of the thermometer with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. Put the thermometer’s tip cover. Place the thermometer in its container.
  • 22. How to Use Thermometers: Digital Thermometer : through armpit 7. Record the reading and wash your hand.
  • 23. How to Use Thermometers: Digital Thermometer : through armpit 7. Record the reading and wash your hand.
  • 25. Ear Thermometer  Measures the heat coming from the eardrum.  This release of heat is converted into a temperature and displayed on an LCD.  It is very easy to use this.
  • 26. Ear Thermometer  You just have to place the tip in the ear of a person, press the button and in a few seconds, the measurement is seen on the LCD.
  • 28. Infrared Thermometer with Laser Pointer  Measures temperature using thermal radiation emitted by the body.  It is also called laser thermometer if a laser is utilized to aid in aiming the thermometer.
  • 29. Infrared Thermometer with Laser Pointer  Others call it non-contact thermometer because of its ability to measure temperature from a distance.  It provides temperature reading without physically touching the object.
  • 30. Infrared Thermometer with Laser Pointer All you have to do is aim at the object( as in the forehead), pull the trigger and immediately, you can see the temperature reading on the LCD.
  • 31. Infrared Thermometer with Laser Pointer  It’s accuracy is about 30% due to the interference of other thermal objects, even the user of the thermometer.  Laser pointers are use to increase its accuracy.
  • 33. Forehead Temperature Indicator  Measures temperature by changing its color according to the temperature.  It is used by putting it in the forehead.  It has a lower accuracy than the digital and clinical thermometer.