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Joyce Olenja - KAVI, Kenya


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Building HIV Vaccine Literacy and Acceptance among communities through training of Tutors in Medical training Institutions in Kenya.

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Joyce Olenja - KAVI, Kenya

  1. 1. Building HIV Vaccine Literacy and Acceptanceamong communities through training of Tutors at Kenya Medical Training Institutions. Joyce Olenja, Sabina Wakasiaka, Gaudensia Mutua, Jacquelyn Nyange, Omu Anzala, Bashir Farah.
  2. 2. Background and context• KAVI- Kenya AIDS Vaccine Initiative is a research institute based at University of Nairobi• Well known for vaccine trials since 2001• KAVI in collaboration with Universities of Manitoba and Toronto received a grant from the GHRI to address HIV vaccine knowledge translation.• Establishing KAVI as a centre of excellence for HIV vaccine/prevention trials in the East African region Incorporating Social Science Perspectives
  3. 3. Key Objective---- Build HIV vaccine literacy and enhance community engagement in clinical research
  4. 4. Expected Outcomes• Improved vaccine literacy among various stakeholders• Improved advocacy for HIV vaccine research development by policy makers• Improved community participation in vaccine trials- especially women• Improved participation by Most At Risk Populations (MARPs)
  5. 5. Background and Context• HIV Prevalence remains a challenge especially in Africa region(Kenya 6.3%)• Expansion in development and advocacy for prevention measures• Search for a vaccine bears the highest promise.• Vaccine literacy among stakeholders as critical
  6. 6. Why Focus on community literacy?• The importance of understanding the socio- cultural context• Employing a holistic perspective• Awareness Creation and capacity building Advocacy for change• More so for complex research as clinical trials• The need for community participation• The challenges of behaviour change
  7. 7. PEP PrEP Prevention of vertical transmission Treatment Comprehensive as prevention HIV prevention ARVCervical barriers: vaginal diaphragms Male circumcision Clean injecting Voluntary counselling equipment and testing
  8. 8. Methodology• Mapping stakeholders with potential influence on vaccine development  Policy makers  Community leaders  Health service providers  Community as volunteers and significant others• Kenya Medical training college as entry for vaccine literacy training  Trains the largest(90%)of health service providers nationwide  Have geographic spread
  9. 9. Training- The Approach Sensitization of KMTC administration. Local agreement between the Letters of Invitation were Institutions done by KAVI. &certification Feed back & on- going Regional Training dialogue on sessions inclusion of Nairobi, Coast & Unit Presentations Vaccines in Eastern, Western, Rift Skills building activity the Valley Q&A curriculum
  10. 10. Training Focus• Update on HIV Epidemiology• Vaccine basics• Clinical trials basics• Ethical issues in research - Rights, respect and protection - Consent• Community engagement in vaccine trials -Gender Issues and decision making -Misconceptions - Fears and Concerns
  11. 11. Results• Six trainings conducted between 2010 and 2012: 177 Tutors trained• Increased knowledge on HIV clinical trials.• Identified role as advocates for vaccine literacy• Positive feedback from KMTC management• A decision by management to incoporate a module on vaccines within the training curriculum
  12. 12. Workshop Ratings Nairobi 5% 31% Grade 3 64% Grade 4 Grade 5
  13. 13. Workshop Ratings Mombasa Percent 2% 28% Grade 3 Grade 4 70% Grade 5
  14. 14. Lessons learnt• Knowledge translation can be attained using existing structures• Service providers require an integrated set of clinical and social skills• Service providers appreciate the importance and relevance of community perspectives in research Community understanding The role /place of gender in decision making regarding participation in clinical research
  15. 15. Conclusion• Tutors pivotal position as trainers of service providers have the potential to cascade vaccine literacy.• This finding highlights the importance of strategic targeting for support to HIV vaccine development.• This approach addresses sustainability and efficiency in knowledge translation and is relevant for other programmes