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Analyzing topic sentences complied by dr. refaat bushra megalli


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Complied by Dr. Refaat Bushra Megalli

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Analyzing topic sentences complied by dr. refaat bushra megalli

  1. 1. Analyzing topic sentences English for Academic Writing DLL ASH 2008
  2. 2. A GOOD TOPIC SENTENCE .. <ul><li>states the topic of the paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>A good topic sentence identifies the focus </li></ul><ul><li>REFER TO PAGE 2 IN YOUR WORKBOOK </li></ul>ASH 2008
  3. 3. Nuclear power is our greatest hope for solving the energy crisis. <ul><li>Look at the topic sentence above. </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think is the topic of this sentence? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What is the focus? </li></ul>ASH 2008
  4. 4. Nuclear power is a huge threat to life on the planet. <ul><li>What is the topic of this sentence? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What is the focus? </li></ul><ul><li>Notice that both sentences have the same topic, but the focus is different. </li></ul>ASH 2008
  5. 5. Exercise- For each statement below, underline the topic and draw a circle around the focus. <ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi was an influential leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Email is a great way to stay in touch with your family and friends. </li></ul><ul><li>The clothes we wear often reflect a lot about our personality. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese subway system is very efficient. </li></ul><ul><li>My older brother is a perfectionist . </li></ul>ASH 2008
  6. 6. Analyzing topic sentences ; more tips <ul><li>A topic sentence must be a complete sentence to perform all the necessary functions </li></ul><ul><li>A topic sentence cannot be a question. </li></ul><ul><li>Phrases such as “I think” or “in my opinion” may muddle or weaken topic sentences. </li></ul>ASH 2008
  7. 7. <ul><li>The topic sentence should provide clear relationships among all of its elements so that it can provide a framework for understanding the rest of the paragraph . </li></ul><ul><li>A topic sentence needs to be clear and specific, so that it can predict and summarize the rest of the paragraph for the reader. </li></ul>ASH 2008
  8. 8. <ul><li>A topic sentence must be coherent so that the reader can use it as a key to the rest of the paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Because the topic sentence is a reference for the rest of the paragraph, it needs to be exceptionally clear. </li></ul>ASH 2008
  9. 9. Too general? Too specific? Just nice? <ul><li>Swimming is fun. </li></ul><ul><li>I swim laps for 30 minutes every morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercising every morning has several </li></ul><ul><li>positive effects. </li></ul>ASH 2008