Technological Institute of the Philippines
938 Aurora Blvd., Quezon City
Experiment no. 3
Basic Separation Technique
Group No.2 of Section ES11FB4
Davis Banoog 1:30 4:30
Jenny-Ann Cabrera 1:30 4:30
Luis Miguel Benitez 1:30 4:30
July 12, 2013
July 27, 2013
Engr. Renato Agustin
1.1To separate components of mixture using basic separation techniques
APPARATUS AND MATERIALS:
Substances in nature appear either in the pure form or as components of a mixture.
When mixtures are formed, the pure components may be recovered by employing physical
separation processes. Some of the common separation processes are filtration,
evaporation, extraction, sublimation, distillation and magnetic attraction.
1 Filter Paper
1 Cotton Plug
4 100 ml Beaker
1 50 ml Graduated Cylinder
1 Stirring Rod
1 Bunsen Burner
2 Watch Glass
1 Test Tube
1 125 ml Erlenmeyer Flask
1 Iron Stand
1 Iron Ring
1 Wire Gauze
1 Mortar and Pestle
Activated Carbon / Charcoal
1. As the experiment is conducted, accomplish the schematic diagram provided on the
next page to show the separation of mixture.
2. Prepare the following substances: table salt, food color powder, naphthalene or moth
balls and iron filings. Note the properties of each substance and accomplish Table
3. Prepare a mixture consisting of the above substances and spread the mixture thinly
on a piece of white paper. Pass a magnet under the paper moving it from the center
towards the side of the paper until separation of some components is observed.
4. Transfer the remaining mixture into a beaker, add 25 ml of water and stir well. Filter
off the undissolved solids and save both the residue and the filtrate Note the color of
5. Transfer the filtrate from step 4 to the beaker and add 1 gram of activated charcoal.
Heat the solution to boiling with stirring and continue boiling for 2 minutes. Filter and
save the filtrate for the next step.
6. Carefully transfer the residue from step 4 into an evaporating dish. Cover the dish
with perforated filter paper and on top of the dish with a low flame until some solids
deposit on the walls of the funnel. Save both the deposit and the residue.
7. Heat and evaporate the filtrate from procedure 5 to dryness. Cool and identify the
DATA AND RESULTS:
Attract with magnet
NaCl, Food Color, NaphthaleneFe
+ H2O / Filter
Food Color, H2O, NaCl
Food Color and CharcoalNaCl, H2O
COLOR ODOR MAGENTIC
Fe Filings powdered brown attracted dull
NaCl Powder powdered white not attracted shiny
Naphthalene Powder powdered white not attracted shiny
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:
QUESTION AND ANSWERS:
1. Refer to procedure no. 3.
1.1 Which component was separated?
Components of iron filings were separated from other components.
1.2 What do you call this type of separation?
This type of separation is called magnetic attraction or separation.
1.3 When do you use this method of separation?
We use this type of separation when we separate metal from other non-metal
2. Refer to procedure no. 4.
2.1 What method of separation was utilized?
This method of separation is called filtration.
2.2 When do you use this method of separation?
We use this type of separation to separate the liquid from the solids, mostly
suspensions. The residue is then collected on the filter paper.
2.3 Which components dissolved in water?
Components that dissolved in the water are the food color and the NaCl.
2.4 Which components are in the residue?
Naphthalene components were separated.
3. Refer to procedure no. 5.
3.1 What method of separation was employed?
3.2 When do you use this type of separation?
3.3 Identify the solid deposit and the residue.
4. Refer to procedure no. 6.
4.1 Identify the method of separation employed.
4.2 Compare the color of the filtrate with that obtained in step 3.
4.3 Which components were left in the residue?
5. Refer to procedure no. 7.
5.1 Describe the residue.
5.2 When do you use this type of separation?