2012 Reenergize the Americas 5B: Martin Gomez

348 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
348
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2012 Reenergize the Americas 5B: Martin Gomez

  1. 1. Feasibility Study for the CEL Solar PhotovoltaicPower Pilot Project in El Salvador L. Martín Gómez Rocha NMSU-Institute for Energy and Environment, College of Engineering New Mexico State University
  2. 2. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposal • In 2011, USTDA released RFPs for four projects in Latin America • Awarded to NMSU in January 2012 • Contract signed in May 2012 (start delayed until August) New Mexico State University
  3. 3. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Background • El Salvador opened its energy market in 2007 • Over 15 small utilities (most of them private) • Comisión Ejecutiva Hidroeléctrica del Rio Lempa (CEL), public utility that used to be in charge of the whole electricity generation in the country • There is now a competitive market ~1,300 MW total New Mexico State University
  4. 4. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Background • No fossil fuels resources in country • El Salvador heavily depends on imported oil • High cost of electricity ~25 cents/kWh • El Salvador wants to expand its renewable energy resources including hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal. • CEL is tendering a 14 MW PV plant. New Mexico State University
  5. 5. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Background • CEL already has a 24 kWp pilot project at its headquarters in San Salvador. New Mexico State University
  6. 6. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• NMSU Study • Composed of 11 Tasks:• Task 1: Kick-Off Meeting and Inception Report – Subtask 1.1: Kick-Off Meeting – Subtask 1.2: Inception Report• Task 2: Technical Analysis – Subtask 2.1: Available Documentation – Subtask 2.2: Solar Resource and Site Assessments – Subtask 2.3: Preliminary Comparative Analysis of Solar Photovoltaic Technologies – Subtask 2.4: Technical Configuration and Preliminary Conceptual Design• Task 3: Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment • New Mexico State University
  7. 7. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Task 3: Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment• Task 4: U.S. Sources of Supply, identifying the potential value of U.S. exports of products and services• Task 5: Financial Analysis• Task 6: Risk Analysis New Mexico State University
  8. 8. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador • Task 7: Regulatory Review – Subtask 7.1 : Permits – Subtask 7.2: Tariff Filing • Task 8: Development Impact Assessment • Task 9: Implementation Plan • Task 10: Financing Plan • Task 11: Final Report New Mexico State University
  9. 9. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Task 2• It is the backbone of the study• The results from this Task will determine the rest of the study• Will define the size of the project, according to the available land and solar resource• It is the next step of the study, due by the end of January New Mexico State University
  10. 10. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locationsHydropower plant “Cerrón Grande” New Mexico State University
  11. 11. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locationsHydropower plant “Cerrón Grande”• 69 Km (43 mi) from San Salvador• Excellent roads to the site New Mexico State University
  12. 12. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locations• Available land: 10.4 Ha• Plots (parcelas) 19, 23 & 24 New Mexico State University
  13. 13. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locations• “Cerrón Grande” New Mexico State University
  14. 14. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locations “Cerrón Grande” New Mexico State University
  15. 15. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locationsHydropower plant “5 de Noviembre” New Mexico State University
  16. 16. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locationsHydropower plant “5 de Noviembre”89 Km (56 mi) from San SalvadorExcellent roads to the siteAvailable land: 9.2 HaPlots: 34, 36 & 38, Soccer field and La Pista New Mexico State University
  17. 17. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locations“5 de Noviembre” New Mexico State University
  18. 18. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locations “5 de Noviembre” New Mexico State University
  19. 19. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locations“5 de Noviembre”La Pista (The runway) 5.4 Ha Will be used temporarily for the service facilities of the company repowering the hydropower plant, +20-25 MW. New Mexico State University
  20. 20. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Proposed locations“5 de Noviembre” In La Pista, there is a manmade hill (~45 feet high) from the materials removed during the building of the hydropower plant. New Mexico State University
  21. 21. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Environmental issues (Task 3) – El Salvador has severe problems of deforestation – Environmental laws are really tough – For instance, for every 8 inch diameter tree being cut, 10 trees have to be planted – Environmental forms to be submitted for projects less than 5 MW or 5 Ha – A comprehensive Environmental Impact Assessment is required for projects larger than 5 MW or 5 Ha (expensive) New Mexico State University
  22. 22. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Interconnection issues – It seems there will not be any technical problems hooking the photovoltaic plant to the grid at both sites – In “Cerrón Grande” there is a distribution line @ 46KV, about 200 meters from the project site – In “5 de Noviembre” there is an “electrical bus” in the substation that is not being used and there is enough room in the transformers (@41.6 MVA). New Mexico State University
  23. 23. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Interconnection issues New Mexico State University
  24. 24. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Solar Resource• They have been monitoring in several places• UES, UCA, Meteorological Stations, LaGeo (DNI)• Good solar resource in most of the country; 5.8 kWh/m2 average solar irradiance New Mexico State University
  25. 25. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• PV project already installed at the International Airport in Comalapa – Air Force Base (Salvadoran and USAF) – 99 kWp total at two sites New Mexico State University
  26. 26. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• International Airport at Comalapa New Mexico State University
  27. 27. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• International Airport at Comalapa New Mexico State University
  28. 28. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• International Airport at Comalapa New Mexico State University
  29. 29. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• International Airport at Comalapa New Mexico State University
  30. 30. PV Pilot Project, El Salvador• Final Remarks – The energy sector legal framework allows the development of PV projects in El Salvador. – El Salvador government policies are looking to diversify its energy portfolio – We are thinking of two 4 MWp photovoltaic plant, one for each site – NMSU is looking to expand markets for solar products from American and New Mexican suppliers – One important goal of the project is to reduce the high price of electricity in El Salvador New Mexico State University

×