2012 Reenergize the Americas 6A: Mike Coop


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2012 Reenergize the Americas 6A: Mike Coop

  1. 1. Energy Security in Electric Power Grids:Utility, Community, Military Micro-Grids Mike Coop mcoop@thinksmartgrid.com
  2. 2. Panelists• Mike Coop, Founder/CTO, ThinkSmartGrid• Ralph Martinez, Director, UTEP RCES• Salvador Cordero, Engineer, UTEP RCES
  3. 3. Military As Energy Consumer• Two main types of DoD energy use—operational energy and installation energy• Operational energy is that required for training, moving, and sustaining military forces and weapons platforms for military operations, and includes energy used by tactical power systems and generators and weapons platforms• Installation energy (a.k.a. facility energy) is energy used at installations that isn’t operational energy• Roughly 75% of DoD energy use is operational; 25% is installation energy
  4. 4. Energy isn’t Cheap• DoD is likely the largest organizational user of petroleum in the world, consuming ~117 billion barrels of oil in FY2011• DoD’s energy use in FY2010 accounted for ~80% of the federal government’s overall use, and represented 0.8% of total U.S. energy consumption• Increasing our nation’s energy security is of vital concern; today’s discussion will focus on DoD installation energy, and the role a smarter grid will play
  5. 5. What is Energy Security?
  6. 6. Legislation on DoD Energy Use• 2005 Energy Policy Act established renewable energy mandates, now at no less than 7.5% for FY2013 and beyond• EISA 2007 requires a 30% reduction in federal building energy use by FY2015• National Defense Authorization Act mandates at least 25% renewable energy use in FY2025 and beyond• The White House has mandated 1 GW of renewable energy for each of the uniform services: Air Force (by 2016); Navy/Marines (by 2020); Army (by 2025)
  7. 7. How do we get there?
  8. 8. Money Leads to OpportunityArmy Corps of Engineers issued aMultiple-Award Task Order(MATOC) RFP for $7 billion in totalcontract capacity to procurereliable, locally generated,renewable and alternative energythrough power purchaseagreements over a period of 30years or less from renewableenergy plants that are constructedand operated by contractors usingprivate sector financing
  9. 9. Money Leads to OpportunityThe combination of anattractive target (DoD) plus White House says 1 of its unclassified networks wasattractive interconnected cyberattacked, says effort was repelled By Associated Press, Published: October 1applications (Smart Grid) WASHINGTON — The White House is acknowledging an attempt to infiltrate its computer system, but says it thwarted the effort andnecessitates new security that no classified networks were threatened. White House spokesman Jay Carney told reporters the White House is equipped with mitigation measures that identified theapproaches (CIP versus attack, isolated it and prevented its spread. He said there was no indication that any data was removed.DIARMF, for instance) … News of the most recent attack came as the Obama administration is preparing an executive order with new rules to protect U.S. computer systems. After Congress failed this summer to pass a comprehensive cybersecurity bill, the White House said it would use executive branch authorities to improve the nation’s computerWhere money flows, crime will security, especially for networks tied to essential U.S. industries, such as electric grids, water plants, and banks.follow
  10. 10. When Things Go Wrong…In complex industrial, space,and military systems, thenormal accident generally (notalways) means that theinteractions are not onlyunexpected, but areincomprehensible for somecritical period of timeComplex systems fail complexly