UNIVERSAL DESIGN Universal Design in Learning emerges from Universal Design in Architecture The goal of Universal Design is to “is to maximise the learning of students with a wide range of characteristics by applying UD principles to all aspects of instruction” (Burgstahler) In the past, American schools have had fixed curriculum; Universal Design was created to address this problem.
UNIVERSAL DESIGN CONTINUED Education should be designed for all students not just some; this includes students with disabilities If we change our curriculum less students will be labeled as “disabled” and more will be considered successful Instructional strategies should take into consideration “varying background knowledge, readiness, language, preferences in learning and interests; and to react responsively” (Hall) Key word in Universal Design is Options
PRINCIPLES OF UNIVERSALDESIGN Multiple means of Representation Multiple means of Action and Expression Multiple means of Engagement (Motivation)
GUIDELINES FOR MULTIPLE MEANS OFREPRESENTATION1. Provide options for Perception2. Provide options for Language and Symbols3. Provide options for Comprehension
GUIDELINES FOR MULTIPLE MEANS OFACTION AND EXPRESSION1. Provide options for Physical Action2. Provide options for expressive Skill and Fluency3. Provide options for Executive Functions - Need options for students to express what they know
GUIDELINES FOR MULTIPLE MEANS OFENGAGEMENT1. Provide options for Recruiting Interest -Something that is interesting for one student can often be distracting for another student2. Provide options for Sustaining Effort and Persistence - Deep learning requires sustaining effort3. Provide options for self-regulationYouTube Multiple Means of Engagemnt