Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Approach the future of cities by the singularity of technologies !

1,322 views

Published on

Approach the future of cities by the singularity of technologies !

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Approach the future of cities by the singularity of technologies !

  1. 1. approach the future of cities by the singularity of technologies !<br />What&apos;s the nextstepsfromnow ?<br />
  2. 2. What&apos;s the Singularity ?<br />Overview, definition, SingularitySchools, …<br />
  3. 3. MathematicsSingularity<br />In mathematics, a singularity is in general a point at which a given mathematical object is not defined, or a point of an exceptional set where it fails to be well-behaved in some particular way, such as differentiability<br />When x=0 this function fails to compute. As x approaches zero from either direction, it aproaches either negative or positive infinity<br />
  4. 4. Singularity Concept<br />The Singularity is a common matter of discussion in transhumanist circles. <br />There is no clear definition, but usually the Singularity is meant as a future time when societal, scientific and economic change is so fast that we cannot even imagine what will happen from our present perspective, <br />… and when humanity will become posthumanity.<br />
  5. 5. TechnologicalSingularity<br />Technological singularity is a term used with varying meanings related to self-improving artificial intelligence, superintelligence, breakdowns in the predictability of the future, accelerating change of the exponential or superexponential sort, and more generic &quot;big events&quot; in history.<br />
  6. 6. Three Major SingularitySchools<br />Accelerating Change, Event Horizon, Intelligence Explosion<br />
  7. 7. Event Horizon by VenorVinge<br />Lemma !<br />For the last hundred thousand years, humans have been the smartest intelligences on the planet<br />All our social and technological progress was produced by human brains<br />Shortly, technology will advance to the point of improving on human intelligence (brain-computer interfaces, Artificial Intelligence)<br />This will create a future that is not to far than most science fiction, a difference-in-kind that goes beyond amazing shiny gadgets<br />But what&apos;re the facts ?<br />To know what a superhuman intelligence would do, you would have to be at least that smart yourself<br />To know where Deep Blue would play in a chess game, you must play at Deep Blue’s level<br />The future after the creation of smarter-than-human intelligence is absolutely unpredictable<br />
  8. 8. Intelligence Explosion by E. Yudkowsky<br />Lemma !<br />Intelligence has always been the source of technology<br />If technology can significantly improve on human intelligence - create minds smarter than the smartest existing humans - then this closes the loop and creates a positive feedback cycle<br />What would humans with brain-computer interfaces do with their augmented intelligence ?<br />One good bet is that they’d design the next generation of brain-computer interfaces<br />Intelligence enhancement is a classic tipping point; the smarter you get, the more intelligence you can apply to making yourself even smarter<br />But what&apos;re the facts ?<br />This positive feedback cycle goes evolve, like a chain of nuclear fissions gone critical - each intelligence improvement triggering an average of &gt;1.000 further improvements of similar magnitude - though not necessarily on a smooth exponential pathway<br />Technological progress drops into the characteristic timescale of transistors (or super-transistors) rather than human neurons<br />
  9. 9. Accelerating Change by Ray Kurzweil<br />Lemma !<br />Our intuitions about change are linear<br />we expect roughly as much change as has occurred in the past over our own lifetimes<br />But technological change feeds on itself, and therefore accelerates<br />Change today is faster than it was 500 years ago, which in turn is faster than it was 5000 years ago<br />Our recent past is not a reliable guide to how much change we should expect in the future<br />But what&apos;re the facts ?<br />Technological change follows smooth curves, typically exponential<br />Therefore we can predict with fair precision when new technologies will arrive, and when they will cross key thresholds, like the creation of Artificial Intelligence<br />
  10. 10. © KurzweilAI.NET<br />
  11. 11. © KurzweilAI.NET<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Information Technologies (of all kinds) double their power every year(price performance, capacity, bandwidth) <br />12<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />A Personal Experience<br />Measure MIT’s IBM 7094 Notebook Circa 2003<br />2003<br />1,000<br />256,000<br />$2,000<br />1967<br />0.25<br />144<br />$11,000,000<br />Year<br />Processor Speed (MIPS)<br />Main Memory (K Bytes)<br />Approximate Cost (2003 $)<br />24 Doublings of Price-Performance in 36 years, doubling time: 18 months not including vastly greater RAM memory, disk storage, instruction set, etc.<br />And today a notebook priceis 250$ for the samecapacities !<br />13<br />© KurzweilAI.NET<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Moore’s Law is one example of many…<br />Moore&apos;s Law describes a long-term trend in the history of computing hardware, in which the number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit has doubled approximately every two years<br />14<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />15<br />© KurzweilAI.NET<br />
  16. 16. What&apos;sreally important with the singularity concept ?<br />For you, your city and yourcitizens ?<br />
  17. 17. Usages !!!<br />Someways of challenges :<br /><ul><li>Domestic life
  18. 18. Education, hobbies and culture
  19. 19. Transportation in cities
  20. 20. Food
  21. 21. Health Care
  22. 22. …</li></li></ul><li>Impacts and Future Challenges<br />What&apos;llbe the Cities and Citizens challengesfor the future …<br />
  23. 23. Categories Challenges samples<br />Domestic life<br />Education, hobbies and culture<br />Transportation in cities<br />Healthcare<br />
  24. 24. Domestic life : Intelligent home<br />Which kind of home ?<br />A home with ambient intelligence ..<br />which recognize me, which help me, ..<br />open to the world<br />Home Automation : light, music, temperature, …<br />Redistribution of private renewable energy<br />As like Sarah in Eureka : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y0Fsq2OOZ7g<br />
  25. 25. Domestic life : one robot in each house ?<br />The advent of robotics in home .. In South of Corea (ex)<br />Robots for Security arrive by 2010<br />Robots Surgeons for 2018<br />Each home will have its robot between 2015 and 2020<br />Ethics Editorial define relationship between humans and robots<br />
  26. 26. Domesticlife in the future ?<br />Many questions about the future of our home :<br />A home with ambient intelligence .. What&apos;llbe the impacts ?<br />Home Automation : light, music, temperature, … <br />Redistribution of private renewable energy<br />The advent of robotics in home .. <br />A home place or a working place ?<br />…<br />Which kind of roles and actions for governments ?<br />Financial support for the deployment of networks for ahomogeneous territorial coverage<br />Supports research and development on and robotics technology for domestic use<br />Incentives for innovation for home automation meets environmental criteria (energy, water, recyclability ...) and affordable price<br />
  27. 27. Education, hobbies and Culture ?<br />Pedagogic Univers<br />Evolution of NetBook, TouchBook<br />Numeric Books<br />Multitouch, virtualization<br />Pedagogic Robot (Virtual or Real)<br />Virtual Agents<br />Semantic Web (Web 3.0)<br />Ubiquitus usages<br />
  28. 28. Education, hobbies and culture in the future ?<br />Many questions about the future of Education, hobbies and culture :<br />Which kind of investments and when to do ?<br />How to safeguard our children the excesses of the computer? <br />What cohabitation between robots and human in education, hobbies, culture?<br />What to expect from a Virtual Agent? ... What is a Virtual Agent?<br />…<br />Which kind of roles and actions for governments ?<br />Integration of robotics (robots) in schools <br />Improve teaching with the Web 3.0 (semantic) <br />Better coverage of the internet bandwidthin the cities<br />Develop feedback and uses innovative digital arts <br />Create a public offer<br />…<br />
  29. 29. Transports in cities<br />A new way to move ?<br />Urban density and the fight against climate change will foster innovation<br />Teleworking and teleconferencing<br />For private transport, the vehicle will use more and more divorced from his possession<br />Real-Time Ridesharing<br />Electric or hybrid Car ? Consume what you use !<br />Car or Computer ?<br />RoboCar ?<br />Darpa<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31. Transports in cities in the future ?<br />Many questions about the future of the transports :<br />What uses and what costs? <br />How to raise awareness or educate people? <br />How to move quickly to electric transport and leave the transport fossil fuels? <br />What security or what dangers with robocars?<br />…<br />Which kind of roles and actions for governments ?<br />For long distance: fostering integrated planning of a European transport system balanced and homogeneous<br />Creating the conditions for a technological breakthrough in the automotive sector by supporting research <br />For the intra-urban: urban mobility shift in investing in environmentally friendly transport<br />…<br />
  32. 32. HealthCare<br />A new way for the HealthCare ?<br />Your home medical with the domotic devices<br />Remote Diagnosis with our doctors<br />not treat diseases but to prevent disease<br />redistribute the locations of patients<br />fewer patients to hospital<br />gene expression offers new therapeutic perspectives<br />Connect technology and neurons<br />…<br />Microsoft Future Vision : Healthcare<br />
  33. 33. HealthCare in the future ?<br />Many questions about the future of the HealtCare :<br />What&apos;llbe the impact of the nanotechnologies in the healthcare<br />Can I trust : robot for myhealth ?<br />how to evolve my relationship with my doctor ?<br />Whatwillbe the cost of this future evolution for hospitals ?<br />…<br />Which kind of roles and actions for governments ?<br />Strategy anticipation, prevention and assistance by technologies<br />Detection and treatment of disease stage molecular Early<br />Protection of Human Rights <br />Coaching Ethics, Communication and Transparency <br />Financing and analysis of multi-year cost-benefit<br />
  34. 34. Conclusion<br />
  35. 35. A changing World ! It&apos;s a fact !<br />What are the Basic trends ?<br />Increased globalization <br />The depletion of energy resources and food and energy dependence <br />Climate change <br />The limitation of public finances <br />The growth of services in French GDP <br />The aging population <br />The shift of certain activities of non-profit sector to the commercial sector <br />The growth of urban concentration <br />The emergence of new forms of risks and threats (cyber ...)<br />
  36. 36. The search of wellness<br />A society in search of wellness<br />Interest in health, body, beauty, well-being and form <br />Increased expectations for quality of life and safety <br />Environmental concerns and ethical <br />Individual autonomy and the need for customization <br />The need for convenience, ease and flexibility <br />The rise of social networking and collective intelligence <br />The continued spread of the Internet and the immediacy of access to information <br />The change of work / privacy activities<br />
  37. 37. So… Whatelse ?<br />Prepareyourself to :<br />More important integration of technologies<br />Genetic, Nanotechnologies, Robotic, …<br />The future usages of technologies of yourcitizens<br />The future usages of technologies in the cities<br />Working on the legislative …<br />Prepareour futur world <br />Prepare the cohabitation between human and technologies<br />Don&apos;tforget the Train speeds !<br />Actual speed <br />Proposed Speed !<br />
  38. 38. You want help for your future choices ?<br />Gregory RenardCTO and Research and Manager gregory@wygwam.com<br />

×