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Ses 6 if god is one, then why so many religions


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Ses 6 if god is one, then why so many religions

  1. 1. CHANT … Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare AND BE STRESS-FREE !! Mantra Meditation
  2. 2. VOICE Rekindling wisdom, Reviving Love DYS Session 6 Vedic Oasis for Inspiration, Culture and Education (VOICE) If God is one, then why so many religions? This slideshow is based on the book DISCOVER YOURSELF by VOICE Director Radheshyam das, IIT, Powai. Please do not copy these slides without permission from Director at e-mail :
  3. 3. Why did God create so many religions? <ul><li>Are all paths right? </li></ul><ul><li>Do all paths lead to same goal? </li></ul><ul><li>Why there are different names, </li></ul><ul><li>forms, worship, rituals and rites </li></ul><ul><li>of God </li></ul><ul><li>Is there any path that </li></ul><ul><li>synthesizes all these religions? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there any one ultimate goal </li></ul><ul><li>behind all these religions? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Religions presented according to ability of audience to digest Truth <ul><li>For spiritually advanced, message </li></ul><ul><li>given in a undiluted pure form </li></ul><ul><li>For those less evolved morally and spiritually, suitably </li></ul><ul><li>modified to preclude rejection, to help them make </li></ul><ul><li>limited spiritual progress. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Different Scriptures meant for Different Audiences LOGIC OF ELEMENTARY, HIGH SCHOOL & COLLEGE MATHS “ Thou shalt not kill” - BIBLE “ Do not have sex with mothers and sisters” – 4 th Surah, Verse 23-24, KORAN “ That religion which teaches one love of God which is unmotivated and uninterrupted is the topmost religion” SRIMAD BHAGVATAM 2 - 5 = ??? 2 - 5 = -3 
  6. 6. ESSENTIAL PRINCIPLES OF ALL RELIGIONS IS THE SAME WE CANNOT REMAIN ATHEISTS AND WEAR THE GARB OF SECULARISM ; WE HAVE TO PRACTICE THESE PRINCIPLES <ul><li>God is one & Love of God </li></ul><ul><li>Obey God’s laws </li></ul><ul><li>Service to God </li></ul><ul><li>Return to kingdom of God </li></ul><ul><li>Sin no more </li></ul><ul><li>Glory of holy names </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifice and renunciation of material pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Approaching a Spiritual Master </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ I shall now declare unto you in full this knowledge both phenomenal & noumenal by knowing which there shall remain nothing further to be known.” [B.G.7.2] OTHER RELIGIONS : SANATANA DHARMA POCKET DICTIONARY : CHAMBER’S DICTIONARY “ THERE IS MUCH THAT I HAVE TO TELL YOU BUT YOU CANNOT BEAR IT NOW” - JESUS IN BIBLE DIFFERENT RELIGIONS - SAME MESSAGE
  10. 10. Depth of Verifiable and inconceivable information in Vedas is far greater than the other scriptures <ul><li>‘ God said, “Let there be light and </li></ul><ul><li>there was light.” </li></ul><ul><li>God said, “Let there be earth and </li></ul><ul><li>there was earth.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Depth of Verifiable and inconceivable information in Vedas is far greater than the other scriptures <ul><li>Srimad Bhagavatam on the other hand, gives step-by-step information of how the Creation of the universe, as well as all living beings, takes place. The sankhya (or ‘count’) philosophy of twenty-four elements of the universe given in Vedic scriptures is scientifically explainable and provable. </li></ul>
  12. 13. “ The self-centered materialistic ego, thus being transformed into three features, becomes known as the modes of goodness, passion and ignorance in three divisions, namely the powers that evolve matter, knowledge of material creations, and the intelligence that guides such materialistic activities. Narada, you are quite competent to understand this. From the darkness of false ego, the first of the five elements, namely the sky, is generated. Its subtle form is the quality of sound, exactly as the seer is in relationship with the seen.” ( Shrimad Bhagavatam 2.5.24-25)
  13. 14. “ Because the sky is transformed, the air is generated with the quality of touch, and by previous succession the air is also full of sound and the basic principles of duration of life: sense perception, mental power and bodily strength. When the air is transformed in course of time and nature’s course, fire is generated, taking shape with the sense of touch and sound. Since fire is also transformed, there is a manifestation of water, full of juice and taste. As previously, it also has form and touch and is also full of sound. And water, being transformed from all variegatedness on earth, appears odorous and, as previously, becomes qualitatively full of juice, touch, sound and form respectively.” ( Shrimad Bhagavatam 2.5.26-29)
  14. 15. “ From the mode of goodness the mind is generated and becomes manifest, as also the ten demigods controlling the bodily movements. Such demigods are known as the controller of directions, the controller of air, the sun-god, the father of Daksha Prajapati, the Ashwini-kumaras, the fire-god, the King of heaven, the worshipable deity in heaven, the chief of the Adityas, and Brahmaji, the Prajapati. All come into existence. By the further transformation of the mode of passion, the sense organs like ear, skin, nose, eyes, tongue, mouth, hands, genitals, legs, and the outlet for evacuating, together with intelligence and living energy, are all generated.” ( Shrimad Bhagavatam 2.5.30-31)
  15. 16. Depth of Verifiable and inconceivable information in Vedas is far greater than the other scriptures Many religions say, “ God is great” “God is love” “God is Almighty”, but they hardly have information about HOW God is the strongest? How He is the most knowledgeable? How He gives Love to His devotees and accepts love from them etc.
  16. 17. Krishna - Bhagavan Possessor of 6 opulences Beauty Fame Wealth Knowledge Renunciation Strength
  17. 18. Glory Of Vedic India : Advanced Mathematics <ul><li>Indians discovered Arithmetic and Geometric progression. Arithmetic progression is explained in Yajurveda. </li></ul><ul><li>Govindaswamin discovered Newton Gauss Interpolation formula about 1800 years before Newton. </li></ul><ul><li>Vateswaracharya discovered Newton Gauss Backward Interpolation formula about 1000 years before Newton. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Glory Of Vedic India : Advanced Mathematics <ul><li>Parameswaracharya discovered Lhuiler’s formula about 400 years before Lhuiler. </li></ul><ul><li>Nilakanta discovered Newton’s Infinite Geometric Progression convergent series. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and Negative numbers and their calculations were explained first by Brahmagupta in his book Brahmasputa Siddhanta. </li></ul><ul><li>Aryabhatta also propounded the Heliocentric theory of gravitation, thus predating Copernicus by almost one thousand years. </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>The Surya Siddhanta </li></ul><ul><li>A textbook on astronomy of ancient India,last compiled in 1000 BC, believed to be handed down from 3000 BC by aid of complex mnemonic recital methods still known today. </li></ul><ul><li>Showed the Earth's diameter to be 7,840 miles, compared to modern measurements of 7,926.7 miles. </li></ul><ul><li>Showed the distance between the Earth and the Moon as 253,000 miles,compared to modern measurements of 252,710 miles. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Glory Of Vedic India : Mathematics <ul><li>The value of &quot;pi&quot; was first calculated by Boudhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians. This was ‘validated’ by British scholars in 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadratic equations were propounded by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10 53 with specific names as early as 5000 BC during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera: 10 12 . </li></ul>
  22. 23. Love Duty Desire Fear Ascending to the Ultimate Religion of Pure Love of God
  24. 25. Puranas prescribe worship for people in different Modes
  25. 26. Worship in Mode of Ignorance
  26. 27. Worship in Mode of Ignorance <ul><li>Those fond of material prosperity approach Shiva for </li></ul><ul><li>benedictions. (eg) Bhasmasura or Vrikasura </li></ul><ul><li>Perform Severe Tapasya like cutting or piercing flesh </li></ul><ul><li>smoke intoxicants like ‘bhang’ or ‘charas’ </li></ul><ul><li>Indulge in Matsya, Maams, Madira, Maithun, Mura on </li></ul><ul><li>Maha Sivaratri day to worship Durga </li></ul><ul><li>Offer animals or chicken in sacrifice to please Kali </li></ul>
  27. 28. Worship in Mode of Passion Performed out of hankering for honor, desire for material assets, competitive mentality, desire to become the ultimate enjoyer (eg) Hiranyakashipu
  28. 29. Worship in Mode of Goodness <ul><li>Recommend worship of Vishnu, Rama or Krishna </li></ul><ul><li>Worship performed simply by offering Tulasi, </li></ul><ul><li>flowers, fruits or water with Love as </li></ul><ul><li>recommended in Bhagavad gita </li></ul><ul><li>Most essential ingredient is </li></ul><ul><li>only LOVE or DEVOTION </li></ul><ul><li>The result of such a worship is </li></ul><ul><li>Purification of heart </li></ul><ul><li>By guidance of a pure devotee, </li></ul><ul><li>one can go beyond the </li></ul><ul><li>three modes and return </li></ul><ul><li>back home back to Godhead </li></ul>
  29. 30. Is God some impersonal light or energy ?
  30. 31. or is He a Person ?
  31. 32. Microsoft
  32. 33. A well-managed MNC with operations around the world.
  33. 34. Behind all that, there is a person running and managing it. Bill Gates
  34. 35. USA
  35. 36. governed by the Republicans
  36. 37. Ultimately, there is a person heading it George Bush
  37. 38. Who is the PERSON behind this gigantic manifestation ?
  38. 39. Krishna instructs …
  39. 40. I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. ahaà sarvasya prabhavo mattaù sarvaà pravartate Bhagavad – gétä 10.8
  40. 41. Furthermore, O Arjuna, I am the generating seed of all existences. There is no being—moving or nonmoving—that can exist without Me. yac cäpi sarva-bhütänäà béjaà tad aham arjuna na tad asti vinä yat syän mayä bhütaà caräcaram Bhagavad – gétä 10.39
  41. 42. This material nature, which is one of My energies, is working under My direction, O son of Kunti, producing all moving and nonmoving beings. mayädhyakñeëa prakåtiù süyate sa-caräcaram Bhagavad – gétä 9.10
  42. 43. prakåtià sväm avañöabhya visåjämi punaù punaù bhüta-grämam imaà kåtsnam avaçaà prakåter vaçät Bhagavad – gétä 9.8 The whole cosmic order is under Me. Under My will it is automatically manifested again and again, and under My will it is annihilated at the end.
  43. 44. I enter into each planet, and by My energy they stay in orbit. gäm äviçya ca bhütäni dhärayämy aham ojasä Bhagavad – gétä 15.13
  44. 45. yad yad vibhütimat sattvaà çrémad ürjitam eva vä tat tad evävagaccha tvaà mama tejo-’àça-sambhavam Know that all opulent, beautiful and glorious creations spring from but a spark of My splendor. Bhagavad – gétä 10.41
  45. 46. LORD’S APPEARANCE AND PASTIMES ARE DIVINE Lord Krishna not only claimed Himself to be God, but He proved it by showing the whole universe within His belly when He opened His mouth to show mother Yashoda. He also showed the Vishwaroopa darshan as well as four-handed form of Vishnu as explained in the 11 th chapter of BG.
  46. 47. éçvaraù paramaù kåñëaù sac-cid-änanda-vigrahaù anädir ädir govindaù sarva-käraëa-käraëam Kåñëa who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes. Bramha Samhita 5.1
  47. 48. ete cäàça-kaläù puàsaù kåñëas tu bhagavän svayam Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28
  48. 49. “ All of the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Çré Kåñëa is the original Personality of Godhead. ”
  49. 50. ‘ ahus tvam rsayah sarve Devarsir naradas tatha Asito devalo vyaso Svayam caiva braveeshi me’ {Bhagavad gita 10.13} ‘ All the great sages such as Narada, Asita, Devala and Vyasa confirm that You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead.’ ALL GREAT SAGES CONFIRM KRISHNA’S SUPREMACY
  50. 51. The great acharayas like ...
  51. 52. Madhavacharya
  52. 53. Ramanujacharya
  53. 54. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
  54. 55. ... have all confirmed that KRISHNA is that Supreme Person
  55. 56. Shankaracharya summarizes…. ekaà çästraà devaké-putra-gétam eko devo devaké-putra eva eko mantras tasya nämäni yäni karmäpy ekaà tasya devasya sevä (Gétä-mähätmya 7) Let there be one common scripture for the whole world-Bhagavad-gétä. Let there be one God for the whole world-Çré Kåñëa and one hymn, one mantra, one prayer—the chanting of His name: Hare Kåñëa, Hare Kåñëa, Kåñëa Kåñëa, Hare Hare/ Hare Räma, Hare Räma, Räma Räma, Hare Hare. And let there be one work only—the service of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
  56. 57. Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare
  57. 58. NO LIVING BEING IS EXEMPT FROM RENDERING SERVICE TO OTHER LIVING BEINGS But our relationship and service for others in this world is temporary.
  59. 60. Where should we repose our Loving and Serving propensity?
  60. 61. We can experience true happiness only by loving and serving Him The Supreme Lord is a reservoir of all Rasas
  61. 62. 9 WAYS OF SERVING GOD & REVIVING OUR LOVE FOR HIM Padasevanam - Serving Dasyam - Carrying out instructions Atmanivedanam - Complete Surrender Smaranam - Remembering Sravanam - Hearing Kirtanam - Chanting Archanam- worship Atma nivedanam – Complete surrender Sakhyam - Friendship Vandanam - prayers
  62. 63. KIRTANAM ‘ SANATANA DHARMA’ means ‘our eternal function’, ‘our eternal duty of service and love to God’ Total absorption of mind and senses in service to God is the real art of living Such absorption will enable one to transfer himself to the kingdom of God.
  63. 64. NAMA JAPA and SRAVANAM Hearing and chanting about the Supreme Lord will enable one upon leaving the body to attain a spiritual body which is just fit for association with the Supreme Lord. This can be achieved by chanting Hare Krishna maha mantra : HARE KRISHNA HARE KRISHNA KRISHNA KRISHNA HARE HARE HARE RAMA HARE RAMA RAMA RAMA HARE HARE
  64. 65. The Practical Application of Gita in our Lives <ul><ul><ul><li>What is Sadhana? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Those activities that re-spiritualize our lives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From now onwards everything is most important </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Japa – chanting the holy names of the lord </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Q. Why should we chant on beads? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concentration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Q. When should we chant? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brahma-muhurt is the best time </li></ul></ul></ul>
  65. 66. The Practical Application of Gita in our Lives <ul><ul><ul><li>2. Reading of Scriptures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Hearing from advanced devotees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The 4 Do’s - ABCD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A – Association of Devotees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B – Books – reading books </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C – Chanting the names of lord </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>D – Diet (Krishna Prasad) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  66. 67. A Krishna Conscious Family in Japan
  67. 78. THANK YOU VERY MUCH … .Now you have successfully completed the DISCOVER YOUR SELF course. Now apply the principles that you learnt in this course and go back home Back To Godhead !!! Hare Krishna. VOICE Rekindling wisdom, Reviving Love Please feel free to contact us on : [email_address] VOICE Director : Radheshyam das, M.Tech. IIT Powai
  68. 79. CHANT … Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare AND BE STRESS-FREE !! Mantra Meditation