Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Science & Style of Biophilic Design by Oliver heath


Published on

Improving health & wellbeing in the built environment - naturally

Published in: Design
  • Be the first to comment

The Science & Style of Biophilic Design by Oliver heath

  1. 1. The Science & Style of Biophilic Design Improving health & wellbeing in the built environment - naturally Twitter: @Oliver _Heath
  2. 2. Global Experts in Biophilic Design
  3. 3. Image Courtesy of World Green Building Council Health, Wellbeing & Productivity in Offices report
  4. 4. Introduction and Concepts Biophilic Design: Why now? • Stress related illness primary cause of sickness by 2020 - WHO • In 2015/16 stress accounted for 37% of all work related ill health cases and 45% of all working days lost due to ill health. • Urbanisation 90% of UK now urbanised – up from 79% in 1950’s • We spend 90% of our time indoors • Technology 93% of U.K. adults have smart technology • 1/3 admit to checking smart phones in the middle of the night
  5. 5. Think of a space where you feel most happy, calm and relaxed
  6. 6. Biophilia Biophilia – The innate human attraction to nature and natural processes Image: Michelle Karpman
  7. 7. Our Genetic Heritage: survival; savannah landscapes; animals; food; water; clear views; vantage points; shelter; defence; warmth Image: Hoo-Yong
  8. 8. Savannah Theory – Ultimate Landscapes
  9. 9. Image: Westfield Retail spaces • Increases dwell time • Increases perception of the value of goods • Increases rates of return
  10. 10. Key constructs of Biophilic design Contact with nature Water, trees, plants, light Human spatial response Energising, relaxing, restorative Natural analogues Evoking a sense of nature
  11. 11. 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design Direct Connection 1. Visual Connection with Nature 2. Non-Visual Connection with Nature 3. Non-Rhythmic Sensory Stimuli 4. Thermal & Airflow Variability 5. Presence of Water 6. Dynamic & Diffuse Light 7. Connection with Natural Systems Human Spatial response 11. Prospect 12. Refuge 13. Mystery 14. Peril Indirect – natural analogues 8. Biomorphic forms & patterns 9. Material connection with nature 10. Complexity and order
  12. 12. Direct contact with real forms of nature Visual connection - plants Non visual connection - The senses -sounds, smells, touch Non rhythmic sensory stimuli Ripples across water, fish, leaves swaying in a tree
  13. 13. Connection with natural systems - seasons Incorporating water features Thermal and airflow variability Direct contact with nature
  14. 14. Direct contact with nature Improve access to natural light
  15. 15. Circadian Rhythms - The effect of natural light on the body’s 24 hour clock Image: PhotonStar LED Group PLC
  16. 16. What happens when we don’t sleep properly?
  17. 17. The Importance of Sleep Sleep deprivation is linked to a higher mortality risk, diabetes, depression. Limit the use of electronic items before bed Make use of circadian lighting systems Walk or cycle to work and reap the benefits of a photon shower Daylight exposure and access to windows at work has been linked to improved sleep duration and mood, reduced sleepiness, lower blood pressure and increased physical activity, whereas lack of natural light has been associated with physiological, sleep, and depressive symptoms.
  18. 18. Principals: Natural Analogues What do we do when no direct connections to nature are available?
  19. 19. Natural analogues - evoking a sense of nature Interface – Urban Retreat Students in the solid wood classrooms had a heart rate of average 8600 beats per day less than in the normal classroom. School without Stress / Wood furnishings healthy for students, Joanneum Research Institute of Health Technology 2008-2009
  20. 20. Human Spatial Response Prospect Retreat
  21. 21. Human Spatial Response Mystery Risk /Peril
  22. 22. Strategies for Biophilic design – low to high Interface – Human Nature
  23. 23. Biophilic Design Strategies What approaches can we take to suit time budgets & buildings? • Low cost - for the money in your pocket – staff or business activity • Medium cost Low to medium cost refurbishment – budgets and contractors involved • High cost high budget refurbishments to new build design projects
  24. 24. Low level biophilic interventions (minimal cost, time and scale) • Hanging and desk plants • Desks near windows • Cut flowers • Natural soundscapes • Natural imagery • Natural scents (diffuser/ atomizer/ scented plants) • Communal meals • Encouraging outdoor exercise • Connecting to nature through education • Office pets DHA Place, AmsterdamMinistry of New, Mumbai
  25. 25. Mid level biophilic interventions (medium scale involving a budget and contractors) • Planting schemes • Window seats • Artificial green walls • Moveable water features • Natural materials (e.g. timber/ stone) • Biomimetic materials • Colour to walls (natural shades) • Zone spaces for activities (colour, lighting, screens) • Activity specific furniture (focus, meet, relax) • Changing rooms to encourage cycling / running to work Selgas Cano, Second Home, Libon
  26. 26. High level biophilic interventions. (High budget refurbishments/ new build design projects) • Water features/ fish tanks • Living green walls • Green landscaping (internal and external) • Roof gardens • Circadian lighting systems • Biomorphic shapes and patterns • Art installations • Flexible use spaces such as stepped auditorium seating • Mezzanines and elevated areas to create prospect • Glass balustrades and walkways © Marcel van der Burg
  27. 27. Using Biophilic Design - strategies design guide
  28. 28. Homes are more calming and restorative 7-8 % less crime attributed to areas with access to nature 4-5% property increase Improved feeling of community
  29. 29. Benefits to education settings Optimising exposure to daylight alone can: •increase the speed of learning by 20-26%. •it can also improve attendance by an average of 3.5days/year •improve test scores by 5-14% (Analysis of the performance of students in day lit schools –Nicklas Bailey, 1996)
  30. 30. Add greenery to interior of learning spaces Plants in classrooms can lead to improved performance in spelling, mathematics and science by 10-14%; Plants in the Classroom can improve student performance Daly, Burchett & Torpy, 2010
  31. 31. Images: Tectoniques Tectoniques Architects The Paul Chevalier School, France Students in the solid wood classrooms had a heart rate of average 8600 beats per day less than in the normal classroom School without Stress / Wood furnishings healthy for students, Joanneum Research Institute of Health Technology 2008-2009
  32. 32. Benefits to Healthcare setting: Reduces duration of hospital stays by 8.5%, post-operative pain medication reduced by 22% Danish Forest Hospital
  33. 33. DRMM Maggie’s Centre, Oldham
  34. 34. Healing gardens - good for patients, staff and visitors Shinrin Yoku – in Japan Creative Commons Image: Celebration Health
  35. 35. Royal Pickering Hotel Singapore – WHOA architects “a hotel in a garden“ The room rate of the hotel is more than double their projection. Because of the demand, they kept raising the rate and people kept coming, so they raised it more” – Richard Hassell WOHA Hospitality spaces • Hotel guests reserve rooms with garden views pay 23% more than the traditional rooms • Studies reveal guests prepared to pay 18% premium for rooms with view onto water
  36. 36. Case Study - Biophilic Hospitality Space
  37. 37. Case Study - Biophilic Hospitality Space
  38. 38. Workplace benefits– cutting costs and improving outcomes Alleviates stress, reduces absenteeism, increases productivity and staff retention Creating a competitive advantage – Companies prioritizing employee engagement & wellbeing were shown to outperform by an average of 10% ( 1. guidelines_-public_reporting_0.pdf
  39. 39. Attention Restoration Theory Rachel and Stephen Kaplan¹, suggests that nature can help to replenish our mental and attentional capacity. Interaction with nature can be called ‘effortless attention’ and helps to replenish our directed attention². ¹Kaplan, R. Kaplan, S. (1989). The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective. Cambridge University Press. ²Grinde, B., & Patil, G. G. (2009). Biophilia: Does visual contact with nature impact on health and wellbeing?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 6(9), Page 2334-2335 Directed attention Micro recuperative workplaceEffortless attention
  40. 40. Indoor air quality – remove toxins, improve CO2 levels The Green Business Council reports that decision-making in offices is 11-23% better at 600ppm of CO2 than at 1000 ppm
  41. 41. Natural light and access to windows Office workers were found to perform 10% to 25% better on tests of mental function and memory recall when they had the best possible view versus those with no view. Image: The Sky Factory Heschong, Lisa. Heshong Mahone Group (2003) “Windows and Offices: A Study of Office Worker Performance and the Indoor Environment” – California Energy Commission
  42. 42. Views onto nature Views from plants have been shown increase productivity by 15% (1) 1. The Relative Benefits of Green Versus Lean Office Space: Three Field ExperimentsMarlon Nieuwenhuis, Craig Knight, Tom Postmes, and S. Alexander Haslam 2014 2. aspx?ays=n 3. Industry&utm_source=press-release Interface – Touch of Timber Companies with satisfied, engaged workers have 25-65% lower employee turnover (2). Wellbeing is therefore becoming a strategic imperative, with 78% of multinationals deeming it a critical part of business plans (3)
  43. 43. Natural textures, colours and patterns When natural features have been applied a 15% reduction in absenteeism has been reported Romm, Joseph J. and William D. Browning (1994) “Greening the building and the bottom line.” Rocky Mountain Institute, Colorado
  44. 44. The Spheres - Amazon HQ, Seattle by NBBJ
  45. 45. Slack, Melbourne by Breathe Architecture
  46. 46. Joules office, Amsterdam by Space Encounters
  47. 47. BRE project: Biophilic design in the workplace
  48. 48. • 1980s concrete framed office • Civil service cellular offices • ‘Standard’ refurbishment heating, lighting and ventilation strategy and controls
  49. 49. BRE – Biophilic office spatial strategy – 4 distinct zones
  50. 50. Twitter: @Oliver _Heath The Science & Style of Biophilic Design Improving health & wellbeing in the built environment - naturally