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Red Hat Storage Day Dallas - Red Hat Ceph Storage Acceleration Utilizing Flash Technology

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Rick Stehno, Seagate

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Red Hat Storage Day Dallas - Red Hat Ceph Storage Acceleration Utilizing Flash Technology

  1. 1. RED HAT CEPH STORAGE ACCELERATION UTILIZING FLASH TECHNOLOGY Applications and Ecosystem Solutions Development Rick Stehno Red Hat Storage Day - Dallas 2017 1
  2. 2. Seagate Confidential 2 • Utilize flash caching features to accelerate critical data. Caching methods can be write-back for writes, write-thru for disk/cache transparency, read cache, etc.. • Utilize storage tiering capabilities. Performance critical data resides on flash storage, colder data resides on HDD • Utilize all flash storage to accelerate performance when all application data is performance critical or when the application does not provide the features or capabilities to cache or to migrate the data Three ways to accelerate application performance with flash Flash Acceleration for Applications
  3. 3. Seagate Confidential 3 Configurations: • All flash storage - Performance • Highest performance per node • Less maximum capacity per node • Hybrid HDD and flash storage - Balanced • Balances performance, capacity and cost • Application and workload suitable for • Performance critical data on flash • Utilize host software caching or tiering on flash • All HDD storage - Capacity • Maximum capacity per node, lowest cost • Lower performance per node Ceph Software Defined Storage (SDS) Acceleration
  4. 4. Seagate Confidential 4 –Higher performance in half the rack space –28% less power and cooling –Higher MTBF inherent with reduced component count –Reduced OSD recovery time per Ceph node –Lower TCO Why 1U server with 10 NVMe SSDs may be better choice vs. 2U Server with 24 SATA SSDs Storage - NVMe vs SATA SSD
  5. 5. Seagate Confidential 5 • 4.5x increase for 128k sequential reads • 3.5x increase for 128k sequential writes • 3.7x increase for 4k random reads • 1.4x increase for 4k random 70/30 RR/RW • Equal performance for 4k random writes Why 1U server with 10 NVMe SSDs may be better choice vs. 2U Server with 24 SATA SSDs All Flash Storage - NVMe vs SATA SSD cont’d FIO Benchmarks (1x represents 24 SATA SSD baseline)
  6. 6. Seagate Confidential 6 Why 1U server with 10 NVMe SSDs may be better choice vs. 2U Server with 24 SATA SSDs All Flash Storage - NVMe vs SATA SSD cont’d Increasing the load to extend NVMe advantage over and above the 128 thread SATA SSD Test: • 5.8x increase for Random Writes at 512 threads • 3.1x increase for 70/30 RR/RW at 512 threads • 4.2x increase for Random Reads at 790 threads • 8.2x increase for Sequential Reads at 1264 threads 10 NVMe SSDs support higher workloads and more users 3x 5.8x 1.4x 3.1x 1.0x 4.2x 1.3x 8.2x 128 Theads 512 Theads 128 Threads 512 Threads 128 threads 790 threads 128 threads 1264 threads Gains Random Write 70/30 RR/RW Random Reads Sequential Reads Ceph RBD NVMe Performance Gains over SATA SSD Random Writes 70/30 RR/RW Random Reads Sequential Reads 128k FIO RBD IOEngine Benchmark
  7. 7. Seagate Confidential 7 Price per MB/s: Cost of ((Retail Cost of SSD) / MB/s for each test) SSD Total SSD Price Price MB/s 128k Random Writes 128 threads Price MB/s 128k Random Writes 512 threads 24 - SATA SSD 960G $7,896 24 - SATA SSD 960G $15.00 10 - NVMe 2TB $10,990 10 - NVMe 2TB $7.00 10 – NVMe 2TB $3.00 These prices do not include savings from electrical/cooling costs, reducing datacenter floor space, from the reduction of SATA SSD Note: 128k random write FIO RBD benchmark: SATA SSD averaged 85% busy, NVMe averaged 80% busy with 512 threads FIO RBD Maximum Threads Random Write Performance for NVMe Ceph Storage Costs Seagate SATA SSD vs. Seagate NVMe SSD
  8. 8. Seagate Confidential 8 MySQL • MySQL is the most popular and the most widely used open-source database in the world • MySQL is both feature rich in the areas of performance, scalability and reliability • Database users demand high OLTP performance - Small random reads/writes Ceph • Most popular Software Defined Storage system • Scalable • Reliable Does it make sense implementing Ceph into a MySQL Database environment? Ceph was not designed to provide high performance for OLTP environments OLTP entails small random reads/writes
  9. 9. Seagate Confidential 9 MySQL Setup: Release 5.7 45,000,000 rows 6GB Buffer 4G logfiles RAID 0 over 18 HDD Ceph Setup: 3 Nodes each containing: Jewel Using Filestore 4 NVMe SSDs 1 Pool over 12 NVMe SSDs Replica 2 40G private and public network For all tests, all MySQL files were local on local server except the database file, this file was moved to the Ceph cluster. MySQL - Comparing Local HDD to Ceph Cluster Threads
  10. 10. Seagate Confidential 10 MySQL - Comparing Local NVMe SSD to Ceph Cluster MySQL Setup: Release 5.7 45,000,000 rows 6GB Buffer 4G logfiles RAID 0 over 4 NVMe SSDs Ceph Setup: 3 Nodes each containing: Jewel Using Filestore 4 NVMe SSDs 1 Pool over 12 NVMe SSDs Replica 1 40G private and public network For all tests, all MySQL files were local on local server except the database file, this file was moved to the Ceph cluster.
  11. 11. Seagate Confidential 11 All SSD Case-1: Case-2: Case-3: 2 SSDs 2 SSDs 1 PCIe flash 1 OSD/SSD 4 OSDs/SSD 4 OSDs/SSD 8 OSD journals on PCIe flash 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 700000 800000 0 200000 400000 600000 800000 1000000 1200000 2 ssd, 2 osd 2 ssd, 8 osd 2 ssd, 8 osd, +journal IOPS KB/s FIO Random Write - 200 Threads - 128k Data Seagate SSD and Seagate PCIe Storage Ceph All Flash Storage Acceleration
  12. 12. Seagate Confidential 12 Ceph All Flash Storage Acceleration 4K FIO RBD Benchmarks 3 node Ceph cluster 100G Public and Private Networks 4 - Seagate NVMe SSD per node 12 Seagate NVMe SSD per cluster Benchmark 1: 1 - OSD per NVMe SSD Benchmark 2: 4 - OSD per NVMe
  13. 13. Seagate Confidential 13 • Use RAW device or create 1st partition on 1M boundary (sector 2048 for 512B sectors, sector 256 for 4k sectors) • Ceph-deploy uses the optimal alignment when creating an OSD • Use blk-mq/scsi-mq if kernel supports it • rq_affinity = 1 for NVMe, rq_affinity = 2 for non-NVMe • rotational = 0 • blockdev --setra 256 (for 4k sectors, 4096 for 512B sectors) Linux tuning is still a requirement to get optimum performance out of a SSD Linux Flash Storage Tuning
  14. 14. Seagate Confidential 14 • If using an older kernel that doesn’t support BLK-MQ, use: • “deadline” IO-Scheduler with supporting variables: • fifo-batch • front-merges • writes-starved • XFS Mount options: • nobarrier,discard,noatime,attr2,inode64,noquota • MySQL – when using flash, configure both innodb_io_capacity and innodb_lru_scan_depth • Modify Linux read ahead on mapped RBD image on client • echo 1024 > /sys/class/block/rbd0/queue/read_ahead_kb Linux tuning is still a requirement to get optimum performance out of a SSD Linux Flash Storage Tuning cont’d
  15. 15. Seagate Confidential 15 Flash Storage Device Configuration Ceph tuning is still a requirement to get optimum performance out of a SSD Ceph tuning options that can make a difference: • RBD Cache: • If using a smaller number of SSD/NVMe SSD, test with creating multiple OSD’s per SSD/NVMe SSD. Have seen good performance increases using 4 OSD per SSD/NVMe SSD
  16. 16. Seagate Confidential 16 Flash Storage Device Configuration If the NVMe SSD or SAS/SATA SSD device can be configured to use a 4k sector size, this could increase performance for certain applications like databases. For all of my FIO tests with the RBD engine and for all of my MySQL tests, I saw up to a 3x improvement (depending on the test) when using 4k sector sizes compared to using 512 byte sectors. Precondition all SSD before running benchmarks. Have seen over a 3x gain in performance after preconditioning Storage devices used for all of the above benchmarks/tests: • Seagate Nytro XF1440 NVMe SSD • Seagate Nytro XF1230 SATA SSD • Seagate 1200.2 SAS SSD • Seagate XP6500 PCIe Flash Accelerator Card
  17. 17. Seagate Confidential 17 Seagate Broadest PCIe, SAS and SATA Portfolio
  18. 18. Seagate Confidential 18Seagate Confidential Thank You! Questions? Learn how Seagate accelerates storage with one of the broadest SSD and Flash portfolios in the market

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