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Rick Stehno, Sr. Database and Ceph Storage Performance Architect
Applications and Ecosystem Solutions Development
Implemen...
Seagate Confidential 2
Big Data is Bigger than MORE Data
Demand GROWING at
Exponential RATE
Bigger Different $-Constrained...
Seagate Confidential 3
Seagate is Evolving to Address Trends
SYSTEMS
DEVICES
ARRAYS
Converged Infrastructure
High Performa...
Seagate Confidential 4
Seagate Enterprise Device PortfolioHighestPerformance/$
Highest GB/$
Supported by end-to-end silico...
Seagate Confidential 5
DISK
FS
DISK DISK
OSD
DISK DISK
OSD OSD OSD OSD
FS FS FSFS btrfs
xfs
ext4
MMM
Advanced Storage:
• S...
Seagate Confidential 6
Featuring:
• Nytro XP6302 flash accelerator card
• Nytro XD - tuned Write Back caching SW
• 12x 8TB...
Seagate Confidential 7
Featuring:
• Seagate 8TB SMR HDD
Benefits
• High density
• Very low cost per/GB
• Read performance
...
Seagate Confidential 8
Ceph Benchmarks – 4k writes
SMR only
SMR with
SSD
SMR Cache
Tier
SMR with
Nytro XD
MB/s 2.53 2.56 5...
Seagate Confidential 9
Ceph Benchmarks – 4M writes
SMR only SMR with SSD
SMR Cache
Tier
SMR with Nytro
XD
MB/s 135.532 194...
Seagate Confidential 10
Ceph Storage Costs
SMR + Nytro XD Price per MB/s: Cost of ((Total SMR HDD cost + Nytro PCIe Card) ...
Seagate Confidential 11
Scaled-Up Hardware Configuration
Example Ceph configuration
using fully Populated Open Rack:
• 18 ...
Seagate Confidential 12Seagate Confidential
Thank You!
Questions?
Learn how Seagate accelerates storage with one of
the br...
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Implementation of Dense Storage Utilizing HDDs with SSDs and PCIe Flash Accelerator Cards

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At Red Hat Storage Day New York on 1/19/16, Red Hat partner Seagate presented on how to implement dense storage using HDDs with SSDs and PCIe flash accelerator cards.

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Implementation of Dense Storage Utilizing HDDs with SSDs and PCIe Flash Accelerator Cards

  1. 1. Rick Stehno, Sr. Database and Ceph Storage Performance Architect Applications and Ecosystem Solutions Development Implementation of Dense Storage Utilizing HDDs with SSDs and PCIe Flash Accelerator Cards NY, USA January 2016 1
  2. 2. Seagate Confidential 2 Big Data is Bigger than MORE Data Demand GROWING at Exponential RATE Bigger Different $-Constrained Created 5% 31% 56% 8% 62% 25% Consumer Electronics Client Compute Cloud Computing Tablets & Smartphones 1,121 Exabytes 2010 77 Exabytes Location SHIFTING to the CLOUD Stored Capacity $0B $20B $40B $60B $80B $100B $120B $140B $160B 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Servers External Controller-Based Storage Enterprise Network Equipment Enterprise Communications Applications Data Center System Spend Stable but SLOW growth
  3. 3. Seagate Confidential 3 Seagate is Evolving to Address Trends SYSTEMS DEVICES ARRAYS Converged Infrastructure High Performance Storage Hybrid Data Systems Software-defined Storage Flash Arrays NAND PCIe Traditional Enterprise NAND SASHyperscale Desktop Notebook / Tablet Branded NAND SATAHybrid Kinetic Still Growing Expanded Offerings Started with Our Core Products Flash Controllers
  4. 4. Seagate Confidential 4 Seagate Enterprise Device PortfolioHighestPerformance/$ Highest GB/$ Supported by end-to-end silicon capabilities across Flash and HDDs; >1 Billion ARM CPUs shipped Silicon technology/IP spans Flash and HDD Portfolio across PCIe, SAS and SATA Archival HDDs Capacity HDDs Performance HDDs with TurboBoost™ Flash Caching Nytro® PCIe Flash Accelerators with SandForce® Technology SAS SSDs Latency Density Thermal PCIe M.2, 2.5 SAS 2.5 15K/10K 2.5 NL 2.5 NL/Value 3.5 Kinetic 3.5 Archive 3.5 Perf. 3.5 Nytro PCIe SSDs Markets Hyperscale Traditional-IT HPC Mission-Critical/Compute Business-Critical/Near-Line Archival JBODs Storage Arrays Servers
  5. 5. Seagate Confidential 5 DISK FS DISK DISK OSD DISK DISK OSD OSD OSD OSD FS FS FSFS btrfs xfs ext4 MMM Advanced Storage: • Shingled Magnetic Recording (SMR) Drives • Excellent density, cost, read performance, and sequential write streaming • Poor random write performance • PCIe Flash • Excellent performance, in-server integration • Poor cost per GB Object Storage Daemons (OSDs): • 10s to 10000s of OSDs in a cluster • One per disk or SSD • Serves stored objects to clients • Intelligent peers perform replication and recovery tasks • Support for erasure coding of objects • Support for strong consistency leveraging write journals Ceph Deployment
  6. 6. Seagate Confidential 6 Featuring: • Nytro XP6302 flash accelerator card • Nytro XD - tuned Write Back caching SW • 12x 8TB SMR HDDs Benefits • Accelerate Ceph journals and Metadata with flash • By moving this data onto flash, cost- effective SMR drives are well-suited for extremely dense object storage systems reducing storage costs over 40% • Experienced 11x Ceph Object Storage Performance Gains Storage Component Deployment in Ceph
  7. 7. Seagate Confidential 7 Featuring: • Seagate 8TB SMR HDD Benefits • High density • Very low cost per/GB • Read performance • Sequential write streaming Weakness • Random write performance Storage Component Deployment in Ceph 0 100 200 300 400 CMR SMR MB/sec RADOS Bench Write Test - 4M 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 CMR SMR + Nytro-XD WriteBack Caching MB/sec RADOS Bench Write Test - 4M 0 5 10 15 20 25 CMR SMR + Nytro-XD WB Caching MB/s RADOS Bench Write Test - 4K
  8. 8. Seagate Confidential 8 Ceph Benchmarks – 4k writes SMR only SMR with SSD SMR Cache Tier SMR with Nytro XD MB/s 2.53 2.56 5.9 28.19 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 MB/s 4K writes - 16 threads SMR only SMR with SSD SMR Cache Tier SMR with Nytro XD Latency/s 0.0246 0.024 0.01 0.0022 0 0.005 0.01 0.015 0.02 0.025 0.03 Seconds 4K writes - 16 threads 11x Gain in MB/s 11x drop in Latency
  9. 9. Seagate Confidential 9 Ceph Benchmarks – 4M writes SMR only SMR with SSD SMR Cache Tier SMR with Nytro XD MB/s 135.532 194.556 590.4 777.05 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 MB/s 4M writes - 16 threads SMR only SMR with SSD SMR Cache Tier SMR with Nytro XD Latency/s 0.471 0.328 0.108 0.082 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 Seconds 4M writes - 16 threads 7x gain in MB/s 6x decrease in Latency
  10. 10. Seagate Confidential 10 Ceph Storage Costs SMR + Nytro XD Price per MB/s: Cost of ((Total SMR HDD cost + Nytro PCIe Card) / MB/s for each test) HDD Price per GB Price MB/s 4k writes Price MB/s 4M writes CMR 4TB HDD $0.08250 CMR 4TB HDD $589.90 CMR 4TB HDD $11.89 SMR 8TB HDD $0.03250 SMR 8TB HDD + Nytro XD $315.46 SMR 8TB HDD + Nytro XD $11.98 These prices do not include savings from electrical/cooling costs, reducing datacenter floor space, from the reduction of HDD
  11. 11. Seagate Confidential 11 Scaled-Up Hardware Configuration Example Ceph configuration using fully Populated Open Rack: • 18 Winterfell Servers • 33.5 TBs of Flash • 2.2 PBs of SMR Storage
  12. 12. Seagate Confidential 12Seagate Confidential Thank You! Questions? Learn how Seagate accelerates storage with one of the broadest SSD and Flash portfolios in the market

At Red Hat Storage Day New York on 1/19/16, Red Hat partner Seagate presented on how to implement dense storage using HDDs with SSDs and PCIe flash accelerator cards.

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