Comparing  Climate and WeatherA Model U.S. Climate Reference Network Station<br />ESIP Federation Summer Meeting, July 12,...
1971 — Annual 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
July<br />4<br />5<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />1<br />Hi: 82<br />Lo: 61<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 84<br />Lo: 66<br />Pcp...
1972 — 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
1980 —  4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
1990 — Annual 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
2000 — Annual 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
What has Charlie been measuring for 30 years?<br />Climate<br />Climate and Weather<br />Weather<br />
What is Charlie calculating?<br />Climate<br />Climate and Weather<br />Weather<br />
(1971-2000)<br />
Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />
Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />Compared to 2010 weather<br />
Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />Compared to 2009 weather<br />
Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />Compared to 2008 weather<br />
Multigraph Climate Explorer<br />http://climateexplorer.multigraph.org<br />
Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />Historically, three consecutive decades of weather observations have bee...
www.climate.gov<br />
Now anticipating release of 30-year Climate Normals for 1981 – 2010 <br />For Minneapolis, <br />January minimums have inc...
Weatheris what’s happening outside your window Atmospheric conditions that you can see, feel, or measure are weather.<br />
Temperature Statistics<br />Climate can be described by words or numbers, but you cannot touch it<br />Temperature Statist...
Temperature Statistics<br />And though climate is often characterized by temperature alone…<br />Temperature Statistics<br />
Climate is really a multi-faceted concept<br />
Climate? or Weather? <br />Decide if each of the following phrases describes climate or weather.<br />
Climate? or Weather? <br />Tells us what kind of clothes to wear<br />
Climate? or Weather <br />Tells us what kind of clothes to wear<br />
Climate? or Weather? <br />Tells us what kind of clothes to buy<br />
Climate? or Weather? <br />Tells us what kind of clothes to buy<br />
Climate? or Weather? <br />The picture that comes to your mind when you think of a faraway place<br />
Climate? or Weather? <br />The picture that comes to your mind when you think of a faraway place<br />
Climate? or Weather? <br />California usually has a winter storm during the last week of December<br />
Climate? or Weather? <br />California usually has a winter storm during the last week of December<br />
How reliable do you think our weather records are for characterizing climate?<br />	A-Not reliable<br />	B-Somewhat reliab...
U.S. Climate Reference Network Station<br />
A quick look at the data:<br />US Climate Reference Network Home page<br />http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/crn/<br />
How reliable do you think US Climate Reference Network records are for characterizing climate?<br />	1-Not reliable<br />	...
NOAA also supports networks of instruments on buoys. These gather data from the depths of the ocean and at its surface<br />
Human efforts facilitate and complement automated data collection<br />
We launch weather balloons to learn about conditions in the lower atmosphere<br />
Balloons and rockets carry data-gathering instruments into the upperatmosphere<br />
and instruments on satellites monitor Earth’s status from orbit<br />
From the bottom of the ocean to the top of the atmosphere, we monitor Earth’s climate system<br />
Presentation prepared by <br />LuAnn Dahlman, NOAA Climate Program Office<br />luann.dahlman@noaa.gov<br />Educators are w...
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Dahlman esip july 2011

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How Do We Understand Climate?
LuAnne Dahlman, NOAA
ESIP Teacher Workshop at the ESIP Summer Meeting 2011 in Santa Fe NM

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Dahlman esip july 2011

  1. 1. Comparing Climate and WeatherA Model U.S. Climate Reference Network Station<br />ESIP Federation Summer Meeting, July 12, 2011<br />LuAnn Dahlman<br />NOAA Climate Program Office<br />
  2. 2. 1971 — Annual 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
  3. 3. July<br />4<br />5<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />1<br />Hi: 82<br />Lo: 61<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 84<br />Lo: 66<br />Pcp: 0<br />9<br />12<br />11<br />6<br />7<br />10<br />8<br />9<br />6<br />8<br />10<br />11<br />12<br />7<br />Hi: 74<br />Lo: 44<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 72<br />Lo: 45<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 86<br />Lo: 66<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 82<br />Lo: 61<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 74<br />Lo: 36<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 64<br />Lo: 58<br />Pcp: 0.09”<br />Hi: 62<br />Lo: 58<br />Pcp: 0.61”<br />15<br />14<br />17<br />16<br />13<br />18<br />19<br />16<br />17<br />18<br />19<br />14<br />15<br />13<br />Hi: 84<br />Lo: 68<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 81<br />Lo: 66<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 86<br />Lo: 64<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 85<br />Lo: 68<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 85<br />Lo: 66<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 82<br />Lo: 61<br />Pcp: 0<br />Hi: 82<br />Lo: 61<br />Pcp: 0<br />20<br />21<br />22<br />23<br />24<br />25<br />26<br />28<br />29<br />30<br />31<br />27<br />
  4. 4. 1972 — 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. 1980 — 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
  7. 7. 1990 — Annual 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
  8. 8. 2000 — Annual 4th of July Picnic — Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />
  9. 9. What has Charlie been measuring for 30 years?<br />Climate<br />Climate and Weather<br />Weather<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13. What is Charlie calculating?<br />Climate<br />Climate and Weather<br />Weather<br />
  14. 14. (1971-2000)<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />
  18. 18. Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />Compared to 2010 weather<br />
  19. 19. Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />Compared to 2009 weather<br />
  20. 20. Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />Compared to 2008 weather<br />
  21. 21. Multigraph Climate Explorer<br />http://climateexplorer.multigraph.org<br />
  22. 22. Climate normals for Minneapolis, 1971 - 2000<br />Historically, three consecutive decades of weather observations have been used to describe climate<br />
  23. 23. www.climate.gov<br />
  24. 24. Now anticipating release of 30-year Climate Normals for 1981 – 2010 <br />For Minneapolis, <br />January minimums have increased by almost 3°F<br />July maximums have decreased by about 0.5°F <br />
  25. 25. Weatheris what’s happening outside your window Atmospheric conditions that you can see, feel, or measure are weather.<br />
  26. 26. Temperature Statistics<br />Climate can be described by words or numbers, but you cannot touch it<br />Temperature Statistics<br />Dynamic normals based on fewer than 30 years are also being used to make comparisons<br />
  27. 27. Temperature Statistics<br />And though climate is often characterized by temperature alone…<br />Temperature Statistics<br />
  28. 28. Climate is really a multi-faceted concept<br />
  29. 29. Climate? or Weather? <br />Decide if each of the following phrases describes climate or weather.<br />
  30. 30. Climate? or Weather? <br />Tells us what kind of clothes to wear<br />
  31. 31. Climate? or Weather <br />Tells us what kind of clothes to wear<br />
  32. 32. Climate? or Weather? <br />Tells us what kind of clothes to buy<br />
  33. 33. Climate? or Weather? <br />Tells us what kind of clothes to buy<br />
  34. 34. Climate? or Weather? <br />The picture that comes to your mind when you think of a faraway place<br />
  35. 35. Climate? or Weather? <br />The picture that comes to your mind when you think of a faraway place<br />
  36. 36. Climate? or Weather? <br />California usually has a winter storm during the last week of December<br />
  37. 37. Climate? or Weather? <br />California usually has a winter storm during the last week of December<br />
  38. 38. How reliable do you think our weather records are for characterizing climate?<br /> A-Not reliable<br /> B-Somewhat reliable<br /> C-Very reliable<br /> D-Extremely reliable<br />
  39. 39. U.S. Climate Reference Network Station<br />
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
  42. 42. A quick look at the data:<br />US Climate Reference Network Home page<br />http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/crn/<br />
  43. 43. How reliable do you think US Climate Reference Network records are for characterizing climate?<br /> 1-Not reliable<br /> 2-Somewhat reliable<br /> 3-Very reliable<br /> 4-Extremely reliable<br />
  44. 44. NOAA also supports networks of instruments on buoys. These gather data from the depths of the ocean and at its surface<br />
  45. 45. Human efforts facilitate and complement automated data collection<br />
  46. 46. We launch weather balloons to learn about conditions in the lower atmosphere<br />
  47. 47. Balloons and rockets carry data-gathering instruments into the upperatmosphere<br />
  48. 48. and instruments on satellites monitor Earth’s status from orbit<br />
  49. 49. From the bottom of the ocean to the top of the atmosphere, we monitor Earth’s climate system<br />
  50. 50. Presentation prepared by <br />LuAnn Dahlman, NOAA Climate Program Office<br />luann.dahlman@noaa.gov<br />Educators are welcome to share this electronic file.<br />

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