Cims sesip2010


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Climate Literacy Ambassadors—Steve Ackerman and Margaret Mooney, CIMSS/UW-Madison

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Cims sesip2010

  1. 1. Margaret Mooney & Steve Ackerman Cooperative Institute of Meteorological Satellite Studies Space Science and Engineering Center UW-Madison Climate Literacy Ambassadors ESIP Summer meeting July 2010 UT-Knoxville
  2. 2. Global Climate Change Global Temperature: Has increased by ~0.7°C over the last 100yr. The rate of increase is “accelerating”.
  3. 3. What drives the observed warming?
  4. 4. Figure SPM.1 10,000 5,000 0 Years before 2005 IPCC SPM.1
  5. 5. Industrial revolution and the atmosphere The current concentrations of key greenhouse gases, and their rates of change, are unprecedented. Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous Oxide
  6. 6. How do we know?
  7. 7. I ntergovernmental P anel on C limate C hange The IPCC formed in 1988 under auspices of the United Nations Function is to provide assessments of the science of climate change Scientific community contributes widely and on a voluntary basis The IPCC Sequence of Key Findings…… IPCC (1990) Broad overview of climate change science, discussion of uncertainties and evidence for warming. IPCC (1995) “The balance of evidence suggests a discernible human influence on global climate.” IPCC (2001) “Most of the warming of the past 50 years is likely (>66%) to be attributable to human activities.” IPCC (2007) “Warming is unequivocal , and most of the warming of the past 50 years is very likely (90%) due to increases in greenhouse gases.”
  8. 8. Warming is Unequivocal Rising atmospheric temperature Rising sea level Reductions in NH snow cover And oceans.. And upper atmosphere….
  9. 9. Climate Literacy The Essential Principles
  10. 10. The Sun is the primary source of energy for Earth’s climate system
  11. 11. Climate is regulated by complex interactions among components of the Earth system
  12. 12. Life on Earth depends on, is shaped by, and affects climate
  13. 13. Climate varies over space and time through both natural and man-made processes
  14. 14. Our understanding of the climate system is improved through observations, theoretical studies, and modeling
  15. 15. Human activities are impacting the climate system
  16. 16. Climate change will have consequences for the Earth system and human lives
  17. 17. Humans can take actions to reduce climate change and its impacts Guiding Principle: Mitigation and/or Adaptation?
  18. 18. Climate Science Literacy is an understanding of the climates influence on you and society and your influence on climate For more information please visit
  19. 19. <ul><li>A three-tiered program to train G6-12 Teachers to be </li></ul><ul><li>Ambassadors of Climate Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>1) Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>2) On-Line Course </li></ul><ul><li>3) Virtual Community </li></ul><ul><li> of Climate Change Educators </li></ul>CLIMATE LITERACY AMBASSADORS Program Overview * 200 educator stipends are available for participation
  20. 20. <ul><li> </li></ul>On-Line Climate Change Curriculum <ul><li>Funded by UW-Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Based on feedback from </li></ul><ul><li>2007 teacher summit </li></ul><ul><li>Developed collaboratively </li></ul><ul><li>by four departments </li></ul><ul><li>(CIMSS, AOS, Geology, CCR) </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent with Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Clarifies IPCC report </li></ul><ul><li>Beta version debuted </li></ul><ul><li>summer 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>15 teachers took course </li></ul><ul><li>and provided detailed </li></ul><ul><li>feedback on each module </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up interviews with </li></ul><ul><li>independent evaluator </li></ul>
  21. 21. Climate Change Course Outline 16 lessons (8 weeks) <ul><li> </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Climate Literacy Essential Principles </li></ul>CIMSS was developing the outline for the course at the same time NOAA & NSF were developing The Climate Literacy Framework so we simply wove the two together as individual lessons advanced. <ul><li>First 6 Climate Literacy Principles </li></ul><ul><li>are addressed in detail </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependency of Life & Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Observation & Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Sun’s Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Earth System Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Climate changes over time and space </li></ul><ul><li>Certainty of human influence on climate </li></ul><ul><li>The 7th principle, economic costs & social values, is included but not explored. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Interactive On-line Lessons explaining IPCC Findings </li></ul>The science behind every graph and every table from the IPCC Summary for Policy Makers is explained along with several images and graphs from the IPCC Frequently asked Questions In order to engage on-line participants and enhance learning, concepts are delivered via a “slide show RCO” which requires the user to advance slides within each lesson with an option for audio which complements (but not duplicate) the on-line text .
  24. 24. On-Line Activities to enhance concepts in each lesson Along with audio and interactive lesson content, each lesson features one or more activities to reinforce concepts, many from NASA & and NOAA but most are unique to CIMSS
  25. 25. Infusing NASA data NASA Langley scientist Dr. Takmeng Wong worked with CIMSS during course revision to ensure participating educators experience hands-on applications working with NASA satellite derived climate data, particularly ERBE and CERES Earth Radiation Budget Experiment Clouds & the Earth’s Radiant Energy System
  26. 26. IPCC Probability Exercise Using Ice-on/Ice-off data from actual report <ul><li>What does it mean when the IPCC uses the term likely or very likely ? </li></ul><ul><li>First, a summary of IPCC Sequence of Key Findings…… </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Broad overview of climate change science, evidence for warming and discussion on uncertainties. </li></ul><ul><li>1995 “The balance of evidence suggests a discernible human influence on global climate.” </li></ul><ul><li>2001 “Most of the warming of the past 50 years is likely (>66%) to be attributable to human activities.” </li></ul><ul><li>2007 “Warming is unequivocal, and most of the warming of the past 50 years is very likely (90%) due to increases in greenhouse gases.” </li></ul>Probability refers to the likelihood of occurrence of an event. The IPCC uses the following likelihood scale:    Virtually Certain > 99% probability of occurrence    Extremely likely > 95% probability of occurrence    Very likely > 90% probability of occurrence    Likely > 66% probability of occurrence    More likely than not > 50% probability of occurrence    Unlikely < 33% probability of occurrence    Extremely unlikely < 5% probability of occurrence
  27. 27. <ul><li>Work through activity by </li></ul><ul><li>Downloading detailed Instructions (5 pages) </li></ul><ul><li>Downloading Lake Mendota Ice-on/Ice-off data </li></ul><ul><li>Using Excel to compare a qualitative interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>with a quantitative analysis and gain insight into </li></ul><ul><li>how the IPCC conveys statistical data </li></ul><ul><li>via a &quot;Likelihood&quot; scale to quantify uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>and effectively communicate climate change </li></ul><ul><li>data and findings to the public. </li></ul>IPCC Probability Exercise
  28. 28. Activity to explore Past Climates <ul><li>1) Graph on the right </li></ul><ul><li>shows 400,000 years of temperature anomalies derived from the Vostok Ice Core sample. As the three main elements of Earth orbit changes are enabled (checkboxes) a magenta-colored line plot is made which combines the sine ways of each element according to their periodicity. </li></ul><ul><li>2) The Earth-Sun system depicts the Earth in orbit around the Sun, as controlled by the various checkboxes . </li></ul><ul><li>3) The controls: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Toggle between orbital plane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Label checkbox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eccentricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tilt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Season Lock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orbit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster Orbit </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Carbon Cycle Applet <ul><li>Adjust carbon sources and sinks by dragging the green points in the top left graph, then click the Run Projection tab to see the impact on atmospheric CO2 (right graph) and the relative fluxes (bottom graphic). </li></ul>
  30. 30. Reasons for Seasons Applet Controls: Show View button - sideways or top view Labels - toggle seasons on/off Rotation - toggle Earth's rotation on/off Orbit - check to synchronize rotation & orbit Faster Orbit - check to make the orbit faster Solar Insulation Graph - toggle the graph of the Average Daily Solar Insulation on/off
  31. 31. CIMSS Weather & Climate Applets