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I.2 O sistema solar

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Aula: O Sistema Solar.

Baseado em:
PEREIRA, A. M; WALDHELM, M. Novo passaporte para Ciências. 6o ano. 2a ed. São Paulo: Editora do Brasil, 2009.

Published in: Education
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I.2 O sistema solar

  1. 1. O Sistema Solar Unidade 1 Capítulo 2 Aula 1/2  Surgimento do Sistema Solar  Componentes do S. Solar  Sol  Planetas clássicos
  2. 2. O Sistema SolarO Sistema Solar Via Láctea.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  3. 3. O Sistema SolarO Sistema Solar• 5 bilhões de anos – Sol – Planetas clássicos – Planetas-anões – Cometas – Satélites...Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  4. 4. O Sistema SolarO Sol• 99,9% da matéria do Sistema Solar• 1.390.000 Km diâmetro• 150 milhões Km da Terra• 6.000 °C (superfície)• 150 milhões °C (núcleo)Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  5. 5. O Sistema SolarOs planetas Planeta é um corpo celeste esférico que não tem luz própria e gira ao redor de uma estrela.• Movimentos básicos – Rotação – Translação Rotação – os planetas giram em torno do próprio eixo.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  6. 6. O Sistema SolarOs planetas Planeta é um corpo celeste esférico que não tem luz própria e gira ao redor de uma estrela.• Movimentos básicos – Rotação – Translação Translação é o movimento dos planetas ao redor do Sol. Órbita é uma volta completa em torno de uma estrela.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  7. 7. O Sistema SolarOs planetas• Mercúrio – Menor planeta do Sistema Solar – O mais próximo do Sol – Rochoso – 400 °C a -180 °CCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  8. 8. O Sistema SolarOs planetas• Vênus – Estrela d’alva – Segundo planeta depois do Sol – Temperaturas elevadas – Rochoso – Rico em CO2Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  9. 9. O Sistema SolarOs planetas• Terra – Único planeta em que há vida! – Terceiro planeta depois do Sol – 15 °C – Rochoso – Possui um satélite • LuaCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  10. 10. O Sistema SolarOs planetas• Marte – Quarto planeta depois do Sol – 20 °C a -150 °C – Rochoso – Atmosfera rarefeita – Possui dois satélitesCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  11. 11. O Sistema SolarOs planetas• Júpiter – Maior planeta do Sistema Solar – Quinto planeta depois do Sol – Mais de 60 satélites – -150 °C – Tem anéis – GasosoCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  12. 12. O Sistema SolarOs planetas• Saturno – Segundo maior planeta do Sistema Solar – Sexto planeta depois do Sol – -150 °C – Gasoso – Tem anéis – 56 satélitesCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  13. 13. O Sistema SolarOs planetas• Urano – Terceiro maior planeta do Sistema Solar – Sétimo planeta depois do Sol – -150 °C – Gasoso – Tem anéis – 27 satélitesCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  14. 14. O Sistema SolarOs planetas• Netuno – Planeta mais distante do Sol – Gasoso – Tem anéis – 27 satélitesCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  15. 15. O Sistema SolarOs planetas Qual a origem do nome dos planetas do Sistema Solar? Os primeiros a batizar planetas foram os sumérios, povo que ocupava a região da Mesopotâmia (atual Iraque) há 5 mil anos. Eles já haviam identificado cinco “estrelas” que se moviam no céu, enquanto as demais permaneciam paradas, e acreditaram que fossem deuses. De acordo com as características de cada uma, elas ganharam nomes relacionados com as divindades. Séculos depois, os romanos adaptaram os nomes dos planetas de acordo com suas próprias divindades.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  16. 16. O Sistema SolarOs planetas As cinco estrelas dos sumérios ganharam novos nomes: Enki, a que se movia mais rápido, recebeu o nome de Mercúrio, o veloz mensageiro dos deuses. Vênus, a deusa da beleza, batizou a mais brilhante das estrelas, Inanna. A vermelha Gugalanna, cor do sangue, ganhou o nome de Marte, deus da guerra. Enlil, a maior, foi chamada de Júpiter, nome latino de Zeus, senhor do Olimpo. Ninurta, a mais lenta de todas, cuja movimentação só era percebida pelos mais pacientes, ganhou o nome de Saturno, o deus do tempo.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  17. 17. O Sistema SolarOs planetas Já o nome da Terra vem do latim antigo. Na época, a palavra já tinha os mesmo significados de hoje: solo, chão, território. Na mitologia romana, a Terra era representada pela deusa Gaia, ligada à fertilidade. Os outros [...] planetas foram descobertos há relativamente pouco tempo. Urano, descoberto em 1781, ganhou o nome do deus greco-romano que representava o céu. Netuno, visto pela primeira vez em 1846, foi batizado com o nome do deus romano dos oceanos. [...] Patrik José Lanfredi. Mundo Estranho. São Paulo: Abril, fev. 2005. Ciência e Tecnologia.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  18. 18. O Sistema Solar Unidade 1 Capítulo 2 Aula 2/2  Componentes do S. Solar  Planetas e planetas-anões  Satélites Cometas Asteróides e Meteoritos
  19. 19. O Sistema SolarPlanetas-anões Planetas anões são corpos celestes semelhantes aos planetas, porém, sem uma órbita clara e definida. Cinturão de Kuiper Cinturão de asteróides entre Marte e JúpiterCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  20. 20. O Sistema SolarSatélites• Naturais Satélite é um corpo celeste que orbita ao redor de um planeta. – Lua • 21 de julho de 1969 Tripulação da Apolo 11: Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins e Edwin Aldrin Jr.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  21. 21. O Sistema SolarSatélites• Naturais – Lua • 21 de julho de 1969• Artificiais Sputnik. – Sputnik • 4 de outubro de 1957 (Rússia) – Explorer • 31 de janeiro de 1958 (EUA) Hubble, 1990.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  22. 22. O Sistema SolarCometas Cometas são astros formados por rocha, gelo e poeira. cabeleira cauda núcleo Cometa HalleyCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  23. 23. O Sistema SolarSatélites Asteroides são corpos rochosos que giram ao redor do Sol. Meteoroides são fragmentos de rochas que se formam a partir de cometas e asteroides.• Meteoros – Estrelas cadentes• MeteoritosCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale

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