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I.1 A origem do universo

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Aula: A origem do Universo.

Baseado em:
PEREIRA, A. M; WALDHELM, M. Novo passaporte para Ciências. 6o ano. 2a ed. São Paulo: Editora do Brasil, 2009.

Published in: Education
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I.1 A origem do universo

  1. 1. O Universo Unidade 1 Capítulo 1 Aula 1/2  O que é o Universo  Surgimento do Universo  Teoria do Big Bang  Teoria da Expansão Conceitos de física
  2. 2. O UniversoO que é o Universo? Universo é um aglomerado de galáxias, nebulosas, estrelas, cometas, planetas e seus satélites e tudo o que neles existe. Universo é tudo que existe. Telescópio espacial Hubble Astronomia é a ciência que estuda o Universo.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  3. 3. O UniversoO surgimento do Universo• Teorias Religiosas – Gênesis – Bíblia• Teorias Científicas – Big Bang – Expansão do UniversoCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  4. 4. O UniversoConceitos básicos Matéria é tudo aquilo que ocupa lugar no espaço. Massa é a quantidade de matéria em um corpo. Peso é a força com que uma massa é atraída por outra massa.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  5. 5. O UniversoConceitos básicos Força da gravidade é a força resultante da atração entre matérias. É a força que nos mantém presos à superfície da Terra.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  6. 6. O UniversoConceitos básicos Pressão é o efeito de uma força sobre determinada área.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  7. 7. O Universo Unidade 1 Capítulo 1 Aula 2/2  Estrelas  Constelações  Galáxias  Ano-luz
  8. 8. O UniversoAs estrelas• Nasce uma estrela... Nebulosas Astros Estrelas Nebulosa Helix – “Olho de Deus” Planetas e outros astrosCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  9. 9. O UniversoAs estrelas• Evolução de uma estrelaCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  10. 10. O UniversoAs estrelas• Características das estrelas – TamanhoCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  11. 11. O UniversoAs estrelas• Características das estrelas – Tamanho – Brilho • Luminosidade real x Distância da Terra Arcturus – Bootes (Boieiro) Sírius – Cão maior Canopus – CarinaCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  12. 12. O UniversoAs estrelas• Características das estrelas – Tamanho – Brilho • Luminosidade real x Distância da Terra – CorCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  13. 13. O UniversoAs constelações• São 88 constelações oficiais – Zodíaco Constelações são agrupamentos de estrelas. Cruzeiro do sul Ursa maior e ursa menorCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  14. 14. O UniversoAs galáxias Galáxias são conjuntos de nuvens de gás e poeira, estrelas, planetas, cometas, asteróides e outros corpos celestes unidos pela força gravitacional. Via Láctea – forma espiral Andrômeda – forma elípticaCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  15. 15. O UniversoAno-luz• Calculando distâncias astronômicas – Alfa de Centauro – 40.000.000.000.000 • 4,2 ano-luz da Terra • Sol (149.600.000 km) = 8 minutos-luz – Velocidade da luz  300.000 km/s • Ano-luz 1 ano-luz = 9,5 trilhões de kmCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 1º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale

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