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Understanding the Internet of Things Protocols

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Understanding the Internet of Things Protocols

  1. 1. Your systems. Working as one. Understanding the Internet of Things Protocols Presented By: Stan Schneider, PhD.
  2. 2. Understanding the IoT Protocols The Internet of Things © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  3. 3. Understanding the IoT Protocols 2014 Top Tech Trends • 1) Internet of Things • The IoT promises to be the most disruptive technological revolution since the advent of the World Wide Web. Projections indicate that up to 100 billion uniquely identifiable objects will be connected to the Internet by 2020, with enormous technical, socioeconomic, political, and even spiritual consequences. © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  4. 4. Understanding the IoT Protocols What is the Internet of Things? • Cisco “Internet of Everything” – …the latest wave of the Internet -- connecting physical objects…to provide better safety, comfort, and efficiency • IBM “Internet of Things” – …a completely new world-wide web, one comprised of the messages that digitally empowered devices would send to one another. It is the same Internet, but not the same Web. • GE “Industrial Internet” – …convergence of machine and intelligent data…to create brilliant machines • RTI “Your Systems. Working as One.” – …an entirely new utility. As profound as the cell network, GPS, or the Internet itself. The Internet of Things and the Intelligent Systems it enables will fundamentally change our world. © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  5. 5. Understanding the IoT Protocols The Future of Intelligent Machines © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  6. 6. Understanding the IoT Protocols The OMG’s Industrial Internet Consortium • OMG manages the IIC • Goal is to bring standards clarity to the Industrial Internet • 5 large company founders, led by GE • RTI is an IIC launch member & on OMG board © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  7. 7. What Connects the Things? IoT Standard Protocols
  8. 8. Understanding the IoT Protocols IoT Protocol Taxonomy • Access – Link sparse endpoints – XMPP • Process – Biz intelligence – Centralized/ESB – ~100ms – MQ/AMQP • Collect – Collect data – Hub & spoke – ~10ms – MQTT/CoAP • Control, distribute – DataBus – ~0.1 ms – DDS © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Web Services and Business Apps Devices and Intelligent Systems Control: DDS Access: XMPP, REST Collect: MQTT, CoAP Process: AMQP
  9. 9. Understanding the IoT Protocols AMQP: Process Device Data © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP)
  10. 10. Understanding the IoT Protocols AMQP Queuing Model © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  11. 11. Understanding the IoT Protocols XMPP: Access Device Data © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP)
  12. 12. Understanding the IoT Protocols MQTT: Collect Device Data © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT)
  13. 13. Understanding the IoT Protocols © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  14. 14. Understanding the IoT Protocols DDS: Distribute Device Data © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Real-Time Analytics & Control Operator HMI Sensors Actuators Cloud Integration Data Distribution Service (DDS)
  15. 15. Understanding the IoT Protocols DDS: The Software DataBus • Data centric – Like a database for moving data • Decouples modules – Like SOA • Plug and play flexibility – Like a hardware bus • Peer-to-peer performance – Like streaming protocols • Standards-based interoperability – Like TCP/IP © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Data-Centric Messaging Bus Scalable, high performance, reliable infrastructure DataBus™
  16. 16. Understanding the IoT Protocols Many Others © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  17. 17. What Do the Things Do? Industrial Internet of Things Use Cases
  18. 18. Understanding the IoT Protocols Smart Machines in the IIoT • Defense • Unmanned Vehicles • Transportation • Industrial • Healthcare • Energy • Communications © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  19. 19. Understanding the IoT Protocols Critical Energy Infrastructure • RTI middleware controls the 6.8 GW Grand Coulee Dam – Largest power plant in North America – Fastest-responding major power source on the Western Grid – Requires 24x7 operation • RTI met the challenges – Extreme availability – Wide area communications – Multi-level routing – High security – 300k data values • RTI system live now © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  20. 20. Understanding the IoT Protocols Distributed Power Generation • Siemens Wind Power fields farms of 500 turbines with 100m blades • DDS enables fast control within turbines and distributed gust mitigation across the array • RTI will also integrate with predictive maintenance and business diagnostics • RTI melds real-time with IT © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  21. 21. Understanding the IoT Protocols Smart Grid Distribution and Control • MicroGrids connect generation, load, and storage to optimize usage and eliminate traditional grid infrastructure • Deploying at Toronto Hydro • Connext™ DDS middleware seamlessly integrates apps, enforces security, merges NI LabVIEW © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  22. 22. Understanding the IoT Protocols Asset Tracking: Fit to Architecture • The US Army Blue Force Tracker (JBC-P) must process 200,000+ tracks. • Transactional design was: – 1.5m SLOC – 12,000 tracks – 11 servers w/88 cores • The DDS design is: – 50k SLOC – 250,000 tracks – 80% of a single core – Fully redundant – Reliable multicast © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  23. 23. Understanding the IoT Protocols Mining: Harsh Environment • Joy Mining is the world’s largest mining equipment manufacturer • DDS connects the controller, operator GUI, and historian • Reliable, fast connectivity enables control, debugging, and system health monitoring for continuous mining © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  24. 24. Understanding the IoT Protocols EMS: Device Integration • The largest EMS equipment provider will use DDS for their entire product line…for the next 20 years • Provides emergency response equipment to 60% of the world’s emergency vehicles • DDS middleware provides easy connectivity, performance, reliability, medical certification option © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  25. 25. Understanding the IoT Protocols EMS: Cloud Integration © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Connecting devices with hospitals to provide better treatment while en-route 4G/LTE
  26. 26. Understanding the IoT Protocols Medical Imaging • Coordination – ECG sync – Generator – Scanner – Power – Servo • Burst image data acquisition • Control & monitoring – Systems ready for scan – Status during scan • Operator interface • Integration – Many languages, OS, data models – Data archiving © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  27. 27. Understanding the IoT Protocols Device Connection for Patient Safety • Hospital error is the 6th leading cause of preventable death • DocBox integrates devices to improve patient safety • RTI Connext ties together devices, services, and displays in real time © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. “RTI Connext DDS met all our needs – whether we’re handling 12 patients, or 200.” -- DocBox Founder, Tracy Rausch
  28. 28. Understanding the IoT Protocols Hospital: System of Systems Integration • Hospital net challenge – 1000s of patients, >100k devices – Wired/wireless/ISM – Moving patients – 100% uptime, security – Real-time waveforms • DDS technology – Data centric addressing – Smart data filtering – Routed deployment – Optimized updates – Automated test harness © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  29. 29. Understanding the IoT Protocols Smart Cars • The VW Driver Assistance and Integrated Safety system combines radars, laser range finders, and video to assist safe operation • It helps avoid obstacles, detect lane departures, track eye activity, and safely negotiate bends • Advanced safety systems must connect to existing hardware. RTI middleware bridges high speed networking to the CAN bus © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  30. 30. Understanding the IoT Protocols Distributed Test • A modern car contains 100+ CPUs • Audi uses hardware-in- the-loop simulation to feed realistic data to components in a lab for testing • RTI middleware enables a modular test environment that scales to work with hundreds of devices © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  31. 31. Understanding the IoT Protocols Pilotless Airplanes • RTI leads in defining a standard architectures for unmanned vehicles and avionics • RTI chairs the architecture for UCS (ground stations) and is key at FACE (avionics) • RTI is building a DO178C-level A safety-certified DDS © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  32. 32. Understanding the IoT Protocols Air Traffic Control: 24x7 Operation DDS was selected for its extensive compliance with the Object Management Group (OMG) DDS standard; its high security rating; its wide support of tools and programming languages, and its reputation for performance, scalability, and 24/7 reliability – Sid Koslow, Chief Technology Officer, NAV CANADA. © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Air Traffic Control for Canada 2nd largest ANSP in the world 80 sites
  33. 33. How to Choose? Picking an Architecture
  34. 34. Understanding the IoT Protocols Types of Middleware © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Point-to-Point Client/Server Brokered ESB Daemon Publish/Subscribe Data-Centric Publish/Subscribe (DCPS) Data-Centric DataBus Queuing
  35. 35. Understanding the IoT Protocols How to Choose? © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  36. 36. Understanding the IoT Protocols Identify Your Primary Challenge © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Web Services and Business Apps Devices and Intelligent Systems Control: DDS Access: XMPP, REST Collect: MQTT, CoAP Process: AMQP
  37. 37. Understanding the IoT Protocols Choose MQTT If… • Think of it as collection? • Little device-device communications? • Large number of devices? • Very small devices? • 3 or 4 => MQTT © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Collect: MQTT, CoAP
  38. 38. Understanding the IoT Protocols Choose AMQP If… • Distributing work, not information? • Just send A to B? • Speed & CPU use not important? • Can’t lose anything? • 3 or 4 => AMQP © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Process: AMQP
  39. 39. Understanding the IoT Protocols Choose XMPP/REST If… • Use the word “my”? • Few connectivity points in large space? • Speed & CPU use not important? • “Always” connected? • 3 or 4 => XMPP or REST © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  40. 40. Understanding the IoT Protocols Choose DDS If… • Disaster if offline for 5 minutes? • Measure performance in ms or us? Or scale >100+ applications? Or 10k+ data values? • Code actively developed for >3 yrs? • 2 or 3 => DDS © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Control: DDS
  41. 41. Understanding the IoT Protocols Unit DataBus Unit DataBus Extend End-to-End • Connect… – Fast – Seamless – QoS controlled – Secure – Data centric • …80 Platforms… – Micro controllers – Certified systems – Embedded – Mobile – Desktop – Cloud • …over 12 Transports – UDP or TCP – D/TLS (secure) – Wireless or wired – Shared memory – Backplane – Cloud virtual connect © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Intelligent Machines Intelligent Systems Intelligent Industrial Internet Cloud DataBus Site DataBus Intelligent System of Systems Unit DataBus Sense Act Think HMI Machine DataBus Think HMI Machine DataBus Sense Act Think HMI Machine DataBus
  42. 42. Understanding the IoT Protocols Strive For: One Logical Dataspace… DDS DataBus Sensors Actuators Analytics & Control HMI/UI IT, Cloud & SoS Connectivity © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  43. 43. Understanding the IoT Protocols …Hiding Complex Network Topologies ActuatorsSensors Analytics, control HMI ActuatorsSensors Analytics, control HMI ActuatorsSensors Analytics, control HMI Analytics, control HMI Centralized analytics Decentralized devices, streaming analytics and control © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  44. 44. Understanding the IoT Protocols Integrate to Complete System • Routing Technologies – ESBs (Camel) – Real-Time (DDS Routing Service) © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. MQTT Web Field Busses AMQPJMS TCP Routing Service Pluggable Adapters Transformation Engine Database Historian DDS Databus DDS Databus
  45. 45. Understanding the IoT Protocols Example Protocol Challenges in Power © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Grid Control Optimize BillingBalance Grid Collect Meter Data Turn My Lights Off Manage Loading Distributed Control SCADA Control Device Service REST CoAP
  46. 46. Understanding the IoT Protocols Conclusions • The IoT is Huge – Many challenges! – Many technologies, many protocols • Design for Best Fit – Determine your hardest problem – Choose the primary protocol to solve it • Build a coherent data space – Extend your primary choice to its reasonable limits – Route to integrate legacy & best-of-class technologies © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  47. 47. Understanding the IoT Protocols The Future is Now © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  48. 48. Understanding the IoT Protocols About RTI • Market Leader – Over 70% DDS mw market share1 – Largest embedded middleware vendor2 – 2013 Gartner Cool Vendor for technology and Open Community Source model • Standards Leader – Active in 15 standards efforts – OMG Board of Directors – DDS authors, chair, wire spec, security, more • Real-Time Pedigree – Founded by Stanford researchers – High-performance control, tools history • Maturity Leader – ~700 designs; by far the most-used DDS – TRL 9 © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. 1Embedded Market Forecasters 2VDC Analyst Report
  49. 49. Understanding the IoT Protocols Critical Infrastructure Trusts RTI • World’s largest Wind Power company • World’s largest Underground Mining Equipment company • World’s largest Navy (all surface ships) • World’s largest Automotive company • World’s largest Emergency Medical System company • World’s largest Medical Imaging provider • World’s 2nd largest Patient Monitoring manufacturer • World’s 2nd largest Air Traffic control system • World’s largest Broadcast Video Equipment manufacturer • World’s largest Launch Control System • World’s largest Telescope (under construction) • World’s 5th-largest Oil & Gas company • World’s 6th-largest power plant (largest in US) • All of world’s top ten defense companies © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Over $1 trillion relies on RTI