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Advancing Active Safety for Next-Gen Automotive

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Originally presented on April 27, 2016

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Advancing Active Safety for Next-Gen Automotive

  1. 1. Safety for Next-Gen Automotive
  2. 2. The smart machine era will be the most disruptive in the history of IT -- Gartner 2015
  3. 3. The IIoT Disruption The real value is a common architecture that connects sensor to cloud, interoperates between vendors, and spans industries Common technology that spans industries brings bold new approaches and enables fast change
  4. 4. A New Freedom: Cars -> Robot on Wheels • Faster, safer, cheaper, farther, easier • DoT: Prevent >32,000 deaths /yr. • 30% of all US jobs will end or change – Trucking, delivery, traffic control, urban transport, child & elder care, roadside hotels, restaurants, insurance, auto body, law, real estate, leisure • 50% of OEM brands may fail
  5. 5. RTI’s Experience • ~1000 Projects – Healthcare – Transportation – Communications – Energy – Industrial – Defense • 15+ Standards & Consortia Efforts – Interoperability – Multi-vendor ecosystems
  6. 6. RTI’s Deep Expertise in Autonomy • Founders from Stanford Aerospace Robotics Lab • RTI middleware powers unmanned systems on land, sea, air, and space • RTI led the US UAS ground station architecture • RTI-based system will soon allow drones in class-A National Air Space • RTI Connext DDS was developed for advanced reactive vehicles
  7. 7. Enable UAS Flight in National Air Space • The Ground Based Sense and Avoid system allows autonomous planes in US National Air Space – Repositioning – Training & testing – Disaster relief – Forest monitoring and fire suppression • DO178C safety certified • Operational with RTI Connext DDS in 2016 Management: US Army UAS Project Office System integrator: SRC, Inc.
  8. 8. ©2015 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Status Feb 2016
  9. 9. ©2015 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Status Feb 2016
  10. 10. Integrate Intelligence • ADAS (level 2) – The VW Driver Assistance and Integrated Safety system combines radars, proximity sensors, and video to assist safe operation – It helps avoid obstacles, detect lane departures, track eye activity, and safely negotiate bends • Autonomy (level 4) – The V-Charge program demoed an auto-charging and parking vehicle in 2014 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xQfKTAtyNU
  11. 11. DDS Data-Centric Middleware
  12. 12. DDS is Different! Data-Centric DDS Shared Data Model DataBus Point-to-Point TCP Sockets Client/Server MQTT XMPP OPC CORBA Brokered ESB Daemon Publish/Subscribe Fieldbus CANbus ZeroMQ JMS Queuing AMQP Active MQ
  13. 13. The Importance of Data Centricity Data centricity enables interoperation, scale, & integration Unstructured files Database Data Centricity Data at Rest Messaging middleware DataBus Data Centricity Data in Motion
  14. 14. Cloud Services DDS Integrates All Components Sensing Planning Radar, LIDAR Vehicle Platform Navigation Error Management Visualization Situation Analysis Situation Awareness Vision Fusion Cameras, LIDAR, Radar … Data Fusion LoggingVehicle Control Localization DDS Bus Traffic Maps DDS Bus
  15. 15. Why Choose DDS? • Reliability: Severe consequences if offline for 5 minutes? • Performance/scale: – Measure in ms or µs? – Or scale > 20+ applications or 10+ teams? – Or 10k+ data values? • Architecture: System lifecycle >3 yrs? 2 or 3 Checks?
  16. 16. How Does RTI Help Autonomy Development? • Ensure reliable data availability • Guarantee real-time response • Manage complex data flow and state • Ease system integration • Build security in from the start • Make deployment flexible • Ease safety certification
  17. 17. Ensure Reliable Data Availability • What: Continuous availability >> 99.999% • How: Easy redundancy, no servers
  18. 18. Guarantee Real-Time Response • What: response < 100us, even with load, complex data types, many flows • How: peer-to-peer, multicast, data path optimization
  19. 19. QoS Control • Handles any link – From data and video switches to low- bandwidth, lossy space communications • Implements tunable reliability – Balance throughput and latency • Enforces timing – Priority, deadlines, nanosecond timestamps
  20. 20. Build Security In from the Start • Dataflow-Level Security – Control r,w access to each data item for each function – Ensures proper dataflow operation • Complete Protection – Discovery authentication – Data-centric access control – Cryptography – Tagging & logging – Non-repudiation – Secure multicast • No code changes! • Plugin architecture for advanced uses CBM AnalysisPMU Control Operator State Alarms SetPoint Topic Security model: • PMU: State(w) • CBM: State(r); Alarms(w) • Control: State(r), SetPoint(w) • Operator: *(r), Setpoint(w)
  21. 21. Ease Safety Certification • Safety certifiable connectivity platform – Stringent SWaP requirements – Complete certification evidence – Full interoperability with DDS implementations • DO-178C Level A – Flight management systems • ISO 26262 – Road vehicle functional safety • IEC 60601 class 3 – Medical devices Available Soon Soon
  22. 22. Certified Middleware Greatly Eases Safety Cert • Provides non-stop availability – Decentralized architecture – No single point of failure – Support for redundant networks – Automatic failover between redundant publishers – Dynamic upgrades • No central server or services • Version-independent interoperability protocol • Supports subsystem isolation and incremental certification • Controls real-time Quality of Service • Makes missed deadlines and presence visible • Proven in thousands of mission critical systems 22
  23. 23. Connext DDS Cert • Limits size of distributed system – Suits most onboard systems – Reduces ELOC • Predictable – No dynamic memory allocation – Applications preconfigured – Integrates with Full Connext DDS non- certified components 4/29/2016 23
  24. 24. Summary • An autonomous car is a robot on wheels • The system needs reliable, flexible, real-time, secure connectivity • DDS supports development, deployment evolution – Location transparency – Integration with existing protocols – Test and debug • Proven, standard middleware eases debugging, development and deployment • Separation middleware makes certification easier and cheaper

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