Dyslexia: From Symptoms to Solutions

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What is dyslexia? How can I know the symptoms and affects on reading? Are there real solutions that can help my students or child?

For answers to these and other questions, we are offering a free, exclusive web presentation on dyslexia.

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Dyslexia: From Symptoms to Solutions

  1. 1. Reading Horizons presents: Dyslexia: From Symptoms to Solutions
  2. 2. “Dyslexia is not a disease to have and to be cured of, but a way of thinking and learning. Often it’s agifted mind waiting to be found and taught.” -Girard Sagmiller, “Dyslexia My Life”
  3. 3. What is dyslexia? Dyslexia: A significant reading disability in people with normal intelligence. There is now definite proof that dyslexia is a very real neurological disorder.
  4. 4. Dyslexia Yale Study with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 61 Students: 29 Dyslexic
  5. 5. Primary visual cortex Inferior frontal gyrus Visual perception Angural gyrus Superior temporalUnimpaired gyrus Student
  6. 6. Inferior frontal gyrus Visual perceptionDyslexic (Attempts to convert visual informationStudent into sounds)
  7. 7. Research Shows: Dyslexic students “can learn these relationships with intensive phonics training. . . After more than a century of frustration, it has now been shown that the brain can be rewired.” Dr. Sally Shaywitz
  8. 8. Overcoming Dyslexiaby Dr. Sally Shaywitz Knopf Publishing, New York (2003) ISBN: 0-375-40012-5
  9. 9. Word Processing and Storage• Word Form Storage: phonological (sound), orthographical (symbol), morphological (roots and affixes, parts of speech)• Phonological Loop: time-sensitive coordination of phonological codes (eye to Mouth to ear)• Orthographic Loop: time-sensitive coordination of orthographic codes (ear to HAND to eye)
  10. 10. Symptoms of Dyslexia• Difficulty linking letters with sounds• Difficulty with multi-syllable words• Fluency and rhythm of reading• Poor spelling• Poor handwriting• Difficulties learning a foreign language• In emotional pain
  11. 11. Dyslexia’s effects on reading• Trouble reading unfamiliar words• Omitting parts of words when reading• Fear of reading out loud• Reading is slow and tiring• A reliance on context to discern meaning• Oral reading is choppy and labored• Avoidance of reading for pleasure
  12. 12. Key to success…• Avoid as much frustration as possible
  13. 13. Working Memory Working memory, or executive function, helps a student do several things: – Filter inputs so they know what information to pay attention to, – Prioritize inputs so they know what information is most important, – Categorize inputs so they know what types of information they are working with, and – Connect inputs to previous knowledge so they know how new information relates to what they already know.
  14. 14. Solutions• Teach Orton-Gillingham Principles – Multi-sensory – Systematic – Logical sequence – Oral language – Written language
  15. 15. Solutions
  16. 16. “Systematic phonics instruction has been used widely over a long period of time with positive results, and a variety of systematic phonics programs have proven effective with children of different ages, abilities, and socio-economic backgrounds. These facts and finding provide converging evidence that explicit, systemic phonics instruction is a valuable and essential part of successful reading program.”~ National Reading Panel Report
  17. 17. Types of assessmentshttp://athome.readinghorizons.com/assessments/index.aspx• Word Recognition• Phonemic Awareness• Most Common Word• Word Segmentation
  18. 18. Should I get my child tested? Pros Cons •Diagnosis provides •Fear of “label” help by law •Expensive •Understand solution •Where to get a test?
  19. 19. Appropriate Reading RatesReading fluency, as defined by Dr. Neil Anderson, is "reading at an appropriate rate with adequate comprehension" (Anderson, 2008, p. 3).What is an “appropriate rate?”
  20. 20. Silent Reading Rates Oral Reading Rates 1st grade: 80 wpm 1st grade: 53 wpm 2nd grade: 115 wpm 2nd grade: 89 wpm 3rd grade: 138 wpm 3rd grade: 107 wpm 4th grade: 158 wpm 4th grade: 123 wpm 5th grade: 173 wpm 5th grade: 139 wpm 6th grade: 185 wpm 6th grade: 150 wpm 7th grade: 195 wpm 7th grade: 150 wpm 8th grade: 204 wpm 8th grade: 151 wpm 9th grade: 214 wpm 10th grade: 224 wpm 11th grade: 237 wpm 12th grade: 250 wpm College or University: 280 wpm
  21. 21. Access Your Free E-Bookhttp://readinghorizons.com/resources/disabilites.pdf
  22. 22. Please visit: www.ReadingHorizons.com Shantell@ReadingHorizons.com Erika@ReadingHorizons.com

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