MA CEU Architecture


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Architecture - RE14R07
Massachusetts Continuing Education Course – 2 Credits. Discover the many varied and historical architectural styles and construction methods that were built here in New England. Join us as we explore the science and art of structural design.

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MA CEU Architecture

  1. 1. Architecture RE14R07 Jody OBrien
  2. 2. CEU Outline
  3. 3. If you’ve ever had buyers turn up their noses at a house before they even got out of the car, you understand that architecture matters
  4. 4. The Basics
  5. 5. Terminology
  6. 6. Our Story Begins
  7. 7. First Period • 1625–1725 • adaptations of English domestic buildings. • Generally one room deep and two stories high • single large, central chimneys, • steeply pitched roofs and
  8. 8. Benjamin Abbott House  1685
  9. 9. • 1725–1780 Georgian • simple, symmetrical, two-room deep boxes • side gable, gambrel, or hipped roof. • central chimneys • sided with wood shingles or clapboards. • Windows, always symmetrically spaced, were double-hung with nine or twelve lights (panes) per sash
  10. 10. Pillsbury French House 1790’s
  11. 11. Jonathan Swift House 1785
  12. 12. Federal • late 1700s and coincided with a reawakening of interest in classical Greek and Roman culture. • add swags, garlands, elliptical windows, and other decorative details to rectangular Georgian houses. • more delicate and more formal. • arched Palladian window on the second story above the front door. • The front door usually has sidelights and a semicircular fanlight.
  13. 13. Federal
  14. 14. Greek Revival 1830‐1840 • based on the architecture of classic Greek temples • wide band of trim below the cornice, representing the classical entablature • pilasters or paneled trim at the building corners • flat-roofed entry porches supported by round or square columns
  15. 15. Greek Revival
  16. 16. Picturesque Styles
  17. 17. Italianate Famous example: The Breakers, Newport, R.I. Square and symmetrical. Brackets or other ornamentation just below the roof. Regular windows with larger panes often topped by a squared arch. Later, square towers were added. Popular in the 1850s to 1880s. Photo courtesy of: Patrick O’Connor/ The Preservation Society of Newport County
  18. 18. What do they look like  today
  19. 19. • Now commercial • Your Office?
  20. 20. • Now condos
  21. 21. Gothic/Gothic Revival less popular Steeply pitched roofs cross gables, and lacy vergeboards symmetrical with a central cross gable and a onestory porch • hood molds over pointed arched or rectangular windows and doors, towers, and bay windows. • • • •
  22. 22. Arden/Woods Estate
  23. 23. Victorian/Queen Anne 1850‐1900 Famous example: Carson Mansion, Eureka, Calif. Round or square towers and turrets. Stone foundations topped by brick. Ornately carved and painted wood trim. Spindle railing on porches. Popular from the 1850s until around 1900. Photo courtesy of: Ron Kuhnel/The Eureka Heritage Society
  24. 24. Falmouth, MA – Monument Beach $995,000
  25. 25. P. F Sullivan House  Lowell Ma  $429,000
  26. 26. 1900’s to Today
  27. 27. Tudor This architecture style was popular in the 1920s and 1930s and continues to be a mainstay in suburbs across the United States. The defining characteristics are half-timbering on bay windows and upper floors, and facades that are dominated by one or more steeply pitched cross gables. Patterned brick or stone walls are common, as are rounded doorways, multi-paned casement windows, and large stone chimneys. A subtype of the Tudor Revival style is the Cotswold Cottage. With a sloping roof and a massive chimney at the front, a Cotswold Cottage may remind you of a picturesque storybook home.
  28. 28. The Bricks
  29. 29. Cape Cod Some of the first houses built in the United States were Cape Cods. The original colonial Cape Cod homes were shingle-sided, one-story cottages with no dormers. During the mid-20th century, the small, uncomplicated Cape Cod shape became popular in suburban developments. A 20th-century Cape Cod is square or rectangular with one or one-and-a-half stories and steeply pitched, gabled roofs. It may have dormers and shutters.
  30. 30. Craftsman/Bungalow Starts in California Follows the Arts and Craft movement Uses natural material Widely disseminated through pattern books and magazines • the most prevalent style for small houses in the nation • One and 1½ story Craftsman style houses are popularly known as bungalows • • • •
  31. 31. Sears Kit Homes • Sold about 75,000 • 1908-1940 • 447 Patterns
  32. 32. • How to tell if it is a Sears Kit Home
  33. 33. French  Provincial Famous example: The Biltmore, Asheville, N.C. High, sloping mansard roofs (a type of hip roof). Rounded arches over windows and porch. Multipane symmetrical windows, often breaking out of the second story. Patterned after French chateaus under the reign of Louis XIV, the style had several revivals. • Photo courtesy of: The Biltmore Asheville, N.C.
  34. 34. Thank you for Attending  Jody O’Brien The RE/Education Company Committed to Professionalism in Real Estate through Education Blog Social Media