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The latest legal requirements for
designing digital materials that
are accessible for all learners.
Connect and Reflect
Ra...
http://www.inacol.org/wp-
content/uploads/2014/11/iNACOL-
Access-and-Equity-for-All-Learners-in-
Blended-and-Online-Educat...
OCR Findings: UCincinnati & Youngstown
StateU
• Lack of Alternative Text on All Images
• Documents Not Posted in an Access...
Legal Backing
OCR initiated this review* under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation
Act of 1973 (Section 504), as amended, 29...
OCR’s Operational Definition
“those with a disability are able to acquire the
same information and engage in the same
inte...
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
(WCAG) 2.0
•Perceivable
•Operable
•Understandable
•Robust
http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
(WCAG) 2.0
•Perceivable
•Text alternatives
•Time-based media alternatives
•Content ca...
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
(WCAG) 2.0
•Operable
•Keyboard functionality
•Time constraints removed
•Sensitivity t...
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
(WCAG) 2.0
•Understandable
•Text content readable and
understandable
•Web pages are p...
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
(WCAG) 2.0
•Robust
•Maximize current and future user
compatibility
•Including assisti...
•Policies
•Course Design
•Program and Course Monitoring
Rose & Smith Associates
Policy Recommendations:
Institution has adopted, as policy, a set of quality standards to
which all courses adhere.
All ...
Policy Recommendations:
Institution has designated a 504 Coordinator, Grievance
Policy, and conducts annual notifications...
Policy Recommendations (K-12)
 Institution has created and promulgated a Special Needs
Online Learning Policy.
 Institut...
Course Design:
Color selection does not impede students with color blindness.
There is no use of graphical eye-candy.
A...
Course Design
All audio is accompanied by text transcripts.
All video includes synchronized captioning.
Course navigati...
Program and Course Monitoring (K-12)
 Disaggregated enrollment data is collected for all online
programs and courses.
 E...
Resources
1 of 8
FREE Video Captioning Apps
•NCAM.wgbh.org
•MAGpie
•CC for FLASH
Resources
2 of 8
Adobe and Accessibility website (PDF info)
• www.adobe.com/accessibility.html
Creating Accessible Tables ...
Resource
3 of 8
Color Blindness Simulator
http://www.seewald.at/en/2012/01/color_blind
ness_correction_and_simulator
See t...
Resources
4 of 8
Color advice for cartography
• http://colorbrewer2.org/
Vischeck simulates colorblind vision.
• http://ww...
Resources
5 of 8
FREE website accessibility testers
•http://CynthiaSays.com
•http://WAVE.webaim.org
•https://amp.ssbbartgr...
Resources
6 of 8
10 Free Screen Readers
http://usabilitygeek.com/10-free-screen-reader-
blind-visually-impaired-users/
Accessibility Evaluator for Firefox 1.5.7.1
The tool supports web developers in testing their web resources for functional...
Resource
8 of 8
NVDA http://www.nvaccess.org/
NVDA (NonVisual Desktop Access) is a free “screen
reader” which enables blin...
Contact Info
Raymond Rose
• ray@rose-smith.com
• 512.791.3100
Slides available at SlideShare.net
under RaymondRose
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TAMU-Corpus Christi Connect and Reflect 2/25/2015

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Update to access issues. The presentation incorporates two OCR findings released December 2014

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TAMU-Corpus Christi Connect and Reflect 2/25/2015

  1. 1. The latest legal requirements for designing digital materials that are accessible for all learners. Connect and Reflect Raymond M. Rose Rose & Smith Associates Port Aransas, TX Slides available at SlideShare.net under RaymondRose This work by Raymond Rose is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. http://www.inacol.org/wp- content/uploads/2014/11/iNACOL- Access-and-Equity-for-All-Learners-in- Blended-and-Online-Education- Oct2014.pdf Easier, go to iNACOL.org and find the publication listed under Latest News, Research and Resources
  3. 3. OCR Findings: UCincinnati & Youngstown StateU • Lack of Alternative Text on All Images • Documents Not Posted in an Accessible Format • Lack of Captions on All Videos and the Inability to Operate Video Controls Using Assistive Technology • Improperly Structured Data Tables • Improperly Formatted and Labeled Form Fields • Improper Contrast Between Background and Foreground Colors • Frames Not Titled with Text that Facilitates Frame Identification and Navigation (Youngstown only)
  4. 4. Legal Backing OCR initiated this review* under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504), as amended, 29 U.S.C. § 794, and its implementing regulation at 34 C.F.R. Part 104, and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Title II), 42 U.S.C. § 12131 et seq., and its implementing regulation at 28 C.F.R. Part 35. These laws prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability in programs or activities receiving financial assistance from the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) and by certain public entities. As a recipient of financial assistance from the Department and as a public entity, the University is subject to Section 504 and Title II. *From Youngstown Case Resolution letter
  5. 5. OCR’s Operational Definition “those with a disability are able to acquire the same information and engage in the same interactions — and within the same time frame — as those without disabilities.” OCR Compliance Review 11-11-2128, 06121583, paraphrased from 11-13-5001, 10122118, 11-11-6002
  6. 6. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 •Perceivable •Operable •Understandable •Robust http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
  7. 7. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 •Perceivable •Text alternatives •Time-based media alternatives •Content can be presented in different ways •Easier for users to see and hear content
  8. 8. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 •Operable •Keyboard functionality •Time constraints removed •Sensitivity to seizure-inducing design •Easily navigate and find content
  9. 9. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 •Understandable •Text content readable and understandable •Web pages are predictable in appearance and operation •Help users avoid and correct mistakes
  10. 10. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 •Robust •Maximize current and future user compatibility •Including assistive technologies
  11. 11. •Policies •Course Design •Program and Course Monitoring Rose & Smith Associates
  12. 12. Policy Recommendations: Institution has adopted, as policy, a set of quality standards to which all courses adhere. All of the institution’s courses (including those from outside profit and non-profit vendors) are reviewed to insure they meet legal accessibility standards. Institution has determined process, responsibility, and timeline for retrofitting accessibility or replacing courses that are not accessible.
  13. 13. Policy Recommendations: Institution has designated a 504 Coordinator, Grievance Policy, and conducts annual notifications. Institution has policy and activities to ensure organizational website meets accessibility requirements.
  14. 14. Policy Recommendations (K-12)  Institution has created and promulgated a Special Needs Online Learning Policy.  Institution has no gateway exam/test where a specific score is required to participate in online learning activities.
  15. 15. Course Design: Color selection does not impede students with color blindness. There is no use of graphical eye-candy. All graphics have meaningful, learning-related Alt Tags. All content in PDFs is searchable (if a graphic, follow requirements for graphics).
  16. 16. Course Design All audio is accompanied by text transcripts. All video includes synchronized captioning. Course navigation is possible without the use of a mouse. Content at all external links meets the same accessibility standards. Courses are reviewed with access by a screen reader in mind.
  17. 17. Program and Course Monitoring (K-12)  Disaggregated enrollment data is collected for all online programs and courses.  Enrollment data is analyzed for comparison with sending population.
  18. 18. Resources 1 of 8 FREE Video Captioning Apps •NCAM.wgbh.org •MAGpie •CC for FLASH
  19. 19. Resources 2 of 8 Adobe and Accessibility website (PDF info) • www.adobe.com/accessibility.html Creating Accessible Tables and Data Tables • http://webaim.org/techniques/tables/ • http://webaim.org/techniques/tables/data 2014 Access and equity for all learners in blended and online education • http://inacol.org
  20. 20. Resource 3 of 8 Color Blindness Simulator http://www.seewald.at/en/2012/01/color_blind ness_correction_and_simulator See through the eyes of your red, green or blue colorblind student. Android
  21. 21. Resources 4 of 8 Color advice for cartography • http://colorbrewer2.org/ Vischeck simulates colorblind vision. • http://www.vischeck.com/ Daltonize corrects images for colorblind viewers. • http://www.vischeck.com/daltonize/ More Color Blindness Tools
  22. 22. Resources 5 of 8 FREE website accessibility testers •http://CynthiaSays.com •http://WAVE.webaim.org •https://amp.ssbbartgroup.com/express •Accessibility Evaluator for Firefox 1.5.7.1
  23. 23. Resources 6 of 8 10 Free Screen Readers http://usabilitygeek.com/10-free-screen-reader- blind-visually-impaired-users/
  24. 24. Accessibility Evaluator for Firefox 1.5.7.1 The tool supports web developers in testing their web resources for functional accessibility based on the iCITA HTML Best Practices*. *2008 uses WCAG 1.0) Resource 7 of 8
  25. 25. Resource 8 of 8 NVDA http://www.nvaccess.org/ NVDA (NonVisual Desktop Access) is a free “screen reader” which enables blind and vision impaired people to use computers. It reads the text on the screen in a computerised voice. You can control what is read to you by moving the cursor to the relevant area of text with a mouse or the arrows on your keyboard.
  26. 26. Contact Info Raymond Rose • ray@rose-smith.com • 512.791.3100 Slides available at SlideShare.net under RaymondRose

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