Alex and Raymond Present the History of Native Americans
Introduction I WONDER by my troth, what thou and I Did, till we loved ? were we not wean'd till then ? But suck'd on country pleasures, childishly ? Or snorted we in the Seven Sleepers' den ? 'Twas so ; but this, all pleasures fancies be ; If ever any beauty I did see, Which I desired, and got, 'twas but a dream of thee. And now good-morrow to our waking souls, Which watch not one another out of fear ; For love all love of other sights controls, And makes one little room an everywhere. Let sea-discoverers to new worlds have gone ; Let maps to other, worlds on worlds have shown ; Let us possess one world ; each has one, and is one. My face in thine eye, thine in mine appears, And true plain hearts do in the faces rest ; Where can we find two better hemispheres Without sharp north, without declining west ? Whatever dies, was not mixed equally ; If our two loves be one, or thou and I Love so alike that none can slacken, none can die. Good Morrow, To Thee
Native American (Indian) History Date Event 1824 The Bureau of Indian Affairs is established. The US Army establishes outposts in Oklahoma to prepare for the relocation of Cherokee and Choctaw tribes to the new Indian Territory. 1825 The federal government establishes its policy of trading land Indian land in the east for territory in the west.
NA History Pt. 2 1830 The Indian Removal Act is passed. 1833 The Choctaw complete their removal to the west. 1834 Congress reorganizes the Bureau of Indian Affairs into the Department of Indian Affairs with expanded responsibilities. 1835 The Semillons reject forced removal to the west and begin a seven year war. The Cherokee finally agree to removal to the west. 1838 General Winfield Scott oversees the Cherokee on the 'Trail of Tears'. 1851 The Fort Laramie Treaty is signed between the US and several Indian tribes of the plains. It was designed to give land to the tribes and create peace between the Indians and the white settlers. It is a failure because neither side had the power to uphold the agreement.
NA History Pt. 3 1854 Conquering Bear of the Lakota tribe is killed along with many others by troops from Fort Laramie. 1862 The Five Civilized Tribes are divided over the Civil War, most join the Confederacy. 1864 Colonel Kit Carson lead a campaign again raiding Navajos. After their capture he forces them on the 'Long Walk' across New Mexico. Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle and 200 men, women, and children are massacred by a volunteer force led by John M. Chivington while meeting at Fort Weld to discuss their return to the reservation. 1866 General Philip H. Sheridan takes command of forces in the west and vows to bring down the Indian way of life by destroying the buffalo. Chief Red Cloud of the Lakota attacks a supply train heading to Fort Phil Kearney. They then lead Captain William J. Fetterman and his men from the fort and massacre them to the last man.
NA History Pt. 4 1868 The Medicine Lodge Treaty is signed between the US and the Commence, Kyowa, Cheyenne, Arapaho and other southern Plains tribes. The treaty restricts them to reservations in Oklahoma. General William Tecumseh Sherman and Chief Red Cloud of the Lakota sight the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. Colonel George Armstrong Custer attacks a Cheyenne village on the Washita River and kills Black Kettle and over 100 men, women, and children. He was sent out by General Philip Sheridan. 1871 Congresses passes the Indian Appropriations Act which essentially makes all Indian wards of the federal government and dissolves the status of Indian tribes as nations. Cochise, Apache chief ends his decade long guerilla war, only to escape back to his mountain stronghold rather than agreeing to send his people to a reservation.
NA History Part 5 1872 Cochise, Apache chief surrenders again and agrees to the creation of the Apache reservation in Arizona. 1874 Custer announces the discovery of gold in t the Black Hills of Dakota, land given to the Lakota tribe. This creates a massive influx of white settlers into the land guaranteed to the Lakota as part of the Fort Laramie Treaty. 1875 The Lakota War begins over the violation of the Fort Laramie Treaty by the US Government. 1876 Custer's Last Stand or the Battle of Little Big Horn takes place as Lakota Indian massacre his force to the last man.
NA History Final Part 1881 Sitting Bull surrenders to General Alfred Terry. 1886 Geronimo surrenders at Skeleton Canyon, Arizona and agrees to settle with his people in Florida. 1890 Lakota Chief Big Foot and 350 followers are massacred at Wounded Knee. This is traditionally considered the end of armed conflict in the Indian Wars.
Native American People <ul><li>They were Indians (a.k.a.) Native Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>As you may know, they cooked food outside their tent. </li></ul><ul><li>They cooked fish, rice, and vegetables . </li></ul>
Native American Tribes <ul><li>A tribe may be made up of many villages. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans in many tribes may speak the same language or a member in one tribe may speak several languages. </li></ul>
THE NATIVE AMERICAN FAMILY <ul><li>They have pride in their tribe, care for their land, respect for nature. </li></ul><ul><li>These principles are important to Native Americans today as they were long ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Some Native Americans were hunters and gatherers. They lived off the land. </li></ul><ul><li>Some tribes got along and traded with each other. Others were always at war. </li></ul>
The Native American Home <ul><li>They lived in tepees made by wrapping buffalo hides around tent poles. </li></ul><ul><li>Tepees were decorated and easily moved to a new location. They also were a great shelter in bad weather. </li></ul>
Native American Homes <ul><li>They lived in tents (a.k.a.) teepees. </li></ul><ul><li>This is where they lived when they were Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>Tents were made to keep Native Americans (Indians) Warm. </li></ul>
NATIVE AMERICAN DANCING <ul><li>Native American dancing is unique and a cherished tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>Dances are done at family events like marriages and birthdays. </li></ul><ul><li>Many dances are done to help the harvest and others are just for religious ceremonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Native Americans dance just for fun! </li></ul>
United States and Canada <ul><li>Native American dances are different depending on what tribal group a person is from. </li></ul>
UNITED STATES <ul><li>Each tribal group has their own custom dance. </li></ul><ul><li>American Indians have powwows,which are a type of Native American dance held for fun. </li></ul><ul><li>Dance powwows are also held for family reunions; weddings, parties etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Powwows have different rules for different tribes and most dances consist of all men or women. </li></ul>
Alaska and Canada <ul><li>They have many different types of songs and dance as part of their rituals and ceremonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Instruments are used when singing. The Indian drum is used quite often as it makes the Native Americans want to dance! </li></ul><ul><li>Many dancers use masks to disguise themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>The dances use lots of arm and upper body movements. </li></ul>
Native American Clothing <ul><li>They wore clothing made of animal skin to keep themselves warm. </li></ul><ul><li>Native American clothing is a vital part of American culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Native American clothing was a main factor in cultural ceremonies. </li></ul>
United States vs. Canada <ul><li>They fought against Canada for war. </li></ul><ul><li>The Canadian Indian Act , which defines the rights of recognized First Nations, does refer to them as Indians. </li></ul>