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  1. Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women in the Context of the Implementation of the Millennium Development Goals 2010 High-level Segment Economic and Social Council New York, 28 June – 2 July Annual Ministerial Review : Nacional Voluntary Presentation GUATEMALA
  2. Guatemala: an unequal and diverse country • Population: 14.4 million o 51.2% women, 48.8% men o 38.4% indigenous, 61.6% non-indigenous • Post Conflict and Democracy: o 36 years of armed conflict (1960-1996) o 1985: First civilian government elected o 1996: Signing of Peace Agreements • Human Development Index: ranks 118 (0,689) • Gini Coefficient for Income Distribution: 0.55 • One of the most vulnerable countries in terms of Climate Change
  3. Status of women in Guatemala Situation of systematical disadvantages for women Social Poverty exclusion Ethnic Discrimination Geographical exclusion Cultural Economic Political Gender relatioships Exclusion and discrimination
  4. Trends in selected indicators, Millennium Goals Situation of Women 1990-2010
  5. Source: National Epidemiology Center, Ministry of Health Gender Gaps Target 6A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV / AIDS
  6. Source: INE-ENCOVI, 2006 Gender Gaps Target 1B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
  7. Gender Gaps Target 1B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
  8. Intra-gender Gaps Goal 5: Improve maternal health Source: National Epidemiology Center, Ministry of Health, 2008
  9. Income / Population Ratio: Employed persons between the ages of 15 and 65 by sex and ethnic identity Source: ENCOVI, 2006
  10. Sustained increase of women meeting violent deaths Harassment Prolonged abuse Psychological pressure Physical and sexual violence Femicide Social Indifference Limited institutional response capacity Four decades of internal armed conflict A total of 4,602 cases of women meeting violent deaths are registered between 2001 to 2009 Source: PNC, 2007.
  11. Decision-Making Participation in Local Government 2007 Elections: 6 of 333 mayoralties / municipal councils (1.8%) 235 representation in municipal corporations (5.84%) Participation in Departmental Development Councils (CODEDE) 2009: 190 women / 861 men 53 indigenous women / 137 non indigenous women Percentage of Women with a seat in Congress 1986: 7% 2008: 12% (19 non-indigenous, 4 indigenous) Source: TSE, 2007, Segeplan, 2010
  12. Beijing Declaration (1995) Peace Agreements (1996) National Women’s Forum (1997) Millennium Development Goals (MDG) (2000) Social Development Law (2001) National Policy for the Advancement and Integral Development of Guatemalan Women (2001) Institutional Framework -Presidential Secretariat for Women MDG and Sectoral Programmes linked with gender policy and MDG. 50% of policies include guidelines and actions to promote gender and ethnic equality. Advances for Women’s Equality
  13. Links between the National Policy for the Advancement and Integral Development of Women and the MDG’s Pillars of the National Policy for the Advancement and Integral Development of Women MDG 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Economic development X X Natural resources X Educational equity X X Health equity X X X Erradication of violence against women X X Legal equity X Racism and discrimination X Cultural Development X X Equity in employment X X X Institutional mechanisms X X Sociopolitical participation X Cultural identity of Maya, Garífuna and Xinka women X X
  14. Links between MDG reports and policy making COST – EFFECTIVE VARIABLES /MDG Report 2006 GOVERNMENTAL PROGRAMMES Children with access to GROWTH MONITORING “Mi familia progresa” conditional cash transfer Nutrition and Food Security Reproductive Health Mothers with access to the BREASTFEEDING Programmes Pregnant women with access to PRENATAL CARE Mothers with access to POST-NATAL CARE Households with well or tap (access to PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY) “Agua Fuente de Paz” Water and Drainage for Human Development Households with LATRINE (access to wastepipe) Access to HEALTH-CARE SERVICES, clinics, health-care centers and hospitals Reinstatement of free public services, provision of ambulances, 24-hour care Access to SCHOOLS Reinstatement of free public services, loans, grants, scholarships Primary school students receiving ACADEMIC INCENTIVES Parents’ educational level (+parental illiteracy-children’s education) Free of charge Literacy Households with ELECTRICITY Electric Supply for Rural Areas
  15. Lessons Learned Alliances between women’s organizations and public institutions Alliances between women and other marginalized groups. State-initiated action benefiting women creates new opportunities for participation. Pemanent female representation in local governments and territories.
  16. The pace of progress is extremely slow for Guatemala to achieve the MDG’s and gender equity. •The adverse economic climate •Historical reluctance to increase the country’s tax rate. More efficient and effective management of development on behalf of the State •Improve actions of public policies to achieve gender empowerment. •To strengthen the planning system at both territorial and sectoral levels. • To mainstream women’s rights into the public policy agenda, the legal and institutional framework, the organizational culture and administrative practices. Continuing the efforts of alignment, harmonization and appropriation in the area of international cooperation. Improving transparency, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Challenges for the Country
  17. Effects of Guatemala’s disaster vulnerability on the achivement of MDG’s and gender equity
  18. Secretariat for Planning and Programming Republic of Guatemala –Segeplan-

Editor's Notes

  1. Acoso Abuso continuo Presión psicológica Violencia física y sexual Femicidios
  2. Las políticas públicas han sido posibles gracias a: Acciones desarrolladas por mujeres organizadas Apertura a la democracia Firma de los Acuerdos de Paz Avances a nivel internacional expresados en documentos específicos. Leyes y Políticas: De 1982 al 2008 se han generado 18 Propuestas, leyes o políticas a favor de la mujer. Este proceso empieza a tener un repunte luego de los acuerdos de paz en el año 1996. Pendiente: Reformas a la Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos Institucionalidad: 1981 Oficina Nacional de la Mujer 1994 Defensoría de los Derechos Humanos de las Mujeres en la Procuraduría de Derechos Humanos. 1999 Defensoría de la Mujer Indígena 2000 Secretaría Presidencial de la Mujer 2000 Coordinadora Nacional para la Prevención de la Violencia Intrafamiliar y contra las Mujeres. 1997 Foro Nacional de la Mujer Incluye en su estructura representación de mujeres de todas las comunidades lingüísticas