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Rad van falkirk - La roue de Falkirk

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La roue de Falkirk, échangeur rotationnel sur le canal Forth & Clyde relie Glasgow à la côte Est de l'Ecosse

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Rad van falkirk - La roue de Falkirk

  1. 1. • Une histoire écossaise … • Entre les ports de Grangemouth et Falkirk fût creusé, en 1777, le canal de Forth & Clyde, reliant Glasgow à la côte Est de l’ Écosse. Par la suite, en 1822, fût terminé le canal de l’Union, entre Falkirk et Édimbourg.
  2. 2. • En 1963, après 150 ans d’exploitation, commençait la construction d’un ouvrage d’art exceptionnel, • l’échangeur rotationnel • dit « Roue de Falkirk » • Cette fantastique machine, terminée en 2002, est devenue le symbole de l’Écosse moderne, en permettant des économies de temps de parcours et d’énergie …
  3. 3. • Le relief de la région conduisait à utiliser 11 écluses • pour assurer le trafic entre Glasgow et Édimbourg, • pour franchir unepour franchir une dénivellation dedénivellation de 24 mètres24 mètres
  4. 4. Vue générale duVue générale du sitesite
  5. 5. Vue aérienne
  6. 6. • C’est le seul ouvrage au monde réalisant le transfert de bateaux, par rotation d’un ensemble de deux nacelles remplies d’eau, l’une ascendante et l’autre descendante, chacune accueillant un (ou plusieurs) bateau(x), et permettant de les transférer simultanément du bief amont au bief aval et réciproquement
  7. 7. L’accès au canalL’accès au canal inférieur se faitinférieur se fait par une éclusepar une écluse
  8. 8. Le cLe canalanal supérieur …supérieur …
  9. 9. … aboutit par un « viaduc » à l’entrée dans la nacelle supérieure
  10. 10. Un bateau dans la nacelleUn bateau dans la nacelle supérieuresupérieure
  11. 11. L’extrémité de la nacelleL’extrémité de la nacelle supérieure, dominant lesupérieure, dominant le paysagepaysage
  12. 12. L’encombrement total en hauteur représente 35 mètresL’encombrement total en hauteur représente 35 mètres NacelNacellle supérieuree supérieure Nacelle inférieureNacelle inférieure 35 m35 m
  13. 13. En cours de rotation, chaque nacelle doit êtreEn cours de rotation, chaque nacelle doit être maintenue horizontale par un jeu d’engrenagesmaintenue horizontale par un jeu d’engrenages
  14. 14. Les nacelles restentLes nacelles restent horizontales …horizontales …
  15. 15. …… en cours deen cours de rotationrotation ......
  16. 16. ...... suitsuitee ......
  17. 17. …… et la rotation vaet la rotation va se terminerse terminer
  18. 18. La rotation terminée,La rotation terminée, les bateaux peuventles bateaux peuvent sortir des nacelles, ou ysortir des nacelles, ou y entrer ; ici accès à laentrer ; ici accès à la nacelle inférieurenacelle inférieure
  19. 19. Entrée d’un bateau dans laEntrée d’un bateau dans la nacelle inférieurenacelle inférieure
  20. 20. • Fermeture de l’ouvrage, rééquilibrage des niveaux d’eau et rotation des nacelles prennent en tout seulement 15 minutes
  21. 21. Tout est prêt pourTout est prêt pour recommencer avec d’autresrecommencer avec d’autres bateaux !bateaux ! Simple, n’est ce pasSimple, n’est ce pas ??
  22. 22. Le poids total d’une nacelleLe poids total d’une nacelle de 25 m. de longde 25 m. de long remplie d’eau et chargéeremplie d’eau et chargée de bateaux atteint 300de bateaux atteint 300 tonnestonnes
  23. 23. • Chaque nacelle se remplissant d’une quantité d’eau correspondant au volume du bateau sortant, il est nécessaire de rééquilibrer les poids par ajustage des niveaux d’eau. • Pour la fermeture des biefs amont et aval et la rotation de 180 degrés, • la consommation d’énergie des moteurs de 22,5 kW représente seulement 1,5 kWh
  24. 24. Cet ouvrage rotatif a totalement transformé le trajet fluvial entre Glasgow et Édimbourg en le rendant très attractif sur le plan touristique !
  25. 25. F I N

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