SlideShare a Scribd company logo

The transmission of Maaori narratives of Historical Intergenerational Trauma with Principles and Values through Traditional and Contemporary Waiata

This presentation was delivered at He Manawa Whenua International Indigenous Conference in Hamilton 2015. It discusses one traditional waiata and two contemporary waiata and how the traditional moteatea or waiata tangi, has been used as a medium for transmitting trauma across generations. This presentation also discusses how contemporary waiata can be used as a medium to heal and transform historical intergenerational Trauma

1 of 38
Download to read offline
The Transmission of Māori
Narratives
(Historical Intergenerational Trauma)
Principles & Values through Traditional and Contemporary Waiata
By Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
Art by Bryce Gallery 2015
He Manawa Whenua International Indigenous Research Conference Presentation 2015
Transmission of Māori Narratives
• This presentation focuses on traditional waiata for transmitting Māori
experiences of historical / cultural trauma across generations.
• It also examines contemporary waiata as a means for transforming and
healing trauma
Definition
Cultural trauma refers to a dramatic loss of identity and meaning, a tear
in the social fabric, affecting a group of people that has achieved
some degree of cohesion
(Eyeman, 2002)
Investigating Trauma in Academic
writing
• This journey began by wanting to
research Māori academic writing
on historical intergenerational
trauma
• Articles from Indigenous academic
authors across the world became
apparent.
• No articles from Māori academic
authors were apparent at this time
• This led to focusing on Māori
expressions of trauma through
Māori mediums
Examples of mediums where Māori
experiences and expressions of Historical
Intergenerational Trauma are transmitted
Whaikoorero - Whakapapa
Moteatea
Kapa haka
Ta Moko
Mahi Whakairo
Waiata tawhito
Māori Hip Hop
Contemporary Waiata
Māori Art
Pūrākau, Pakiwaitara
Matariki – Waiata- Background
• The concept of the waiata came from a letter written by friend Marama
Davidson.
• She wrote a letter to her tamariki and read it to them while they slept.
• It conveyed that when they grow up they will meet challenges in their lives.
• That when those challenges come, that her tamariki meet them with
dignity, and integrity, and work through them.
• Ki te kore ki te pō ki te Ao marama
• The process for instilling principles and values through traditional means
was investigated
• The essence of this letter is conveyed with permission, in the Matariki
waiata –
Ad

Recommended

Transforming Māori experiences of Historical Intergenerational Trauma PPTpres...
Transforming Māori experiences of Historical Intergenerational Trauma PPTpres...Transforming Māori experiences of Historical Intergenerational Trauma PPTpres...
Transforming Māori experiences of Historical Intergenerational Trauma PPTpres...Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Pōwhiri Poutama Framework 2014: Applying Culturally safe practice in Māori / ...
Pōwhiri Poutama Framework 2014: Applying Culturally safe practice in Māori / ...Pōwhiri Poutama Framework 2014: Applying Culturally safe practice in Māori / ...
Pōwhiri Poutama Framework 2014: Applying Culturally safe practice in Māori / ...Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
New Zealand PowerPoint Presentation: (Sample)
New Zealand PowerPoint Presentation: (Sample)New Zealand PowerPoint Presentation: (Sample)
New Zealand PowerPoint Presentation: (Sample)Andrew Schwartz
 
Pūrākau – Theories, Narratives, Models & Application
Pūrākau – Theories, Narratives, Models & ApplicationPūrākau – Theories, Narratives, Models & Application
Pūrākau – Theories, Narratives, Models & ApplicationDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Transforming Māori Experiences of Historical Intergenerational Trauma Phd th...
Transforming Māori Experiences of Historical Intergenerational Trauma  Phd th...Transforming Māori Experiences of Historical Intergenerational Trauma  Phd th...
Transforming Māori Experiences of Historical Intergenerational Trauma Phd th...Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Maori counselling skills and tools
Maori counselling skills and toolsMaori counselling skills and tools
Maori counselling skills and toolstaima
 
Underlying philosophies behind Pōwhiri Poutama frame work
Underlying philosophies behind Pōwhiri Poutama frame workUnderlying philosophies behind Pōwhiri Poutama frame work
Underlying philosophies behind Pōwhiri Poutama frame workDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Nga Pae O Te Maramatanga Presentation - Transforming māori experiences of his...
Nga Pae O Te Maramatanga Presentation - Transforming māori experiences of his...Nga Pae O Te Maramatanga Presentation - Transforming māori experiences of his...
Nga Pae O Te Maramatanga Presentation - Transforming māori experiences of his...Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma
Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma
Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Tangata tiriti treaty people community learning about the treaty of waitangi
Tangata tiriti treaty people  community learning about the treaty of waitangiTangata tiriti treaty people  community learning about the treaty of waitangi
Tangata tiriti treaty people community learning about the treaty of waitangiHuman Rights Commission
 
Purakau cycles of human development diagram
Purakau cycles of human development diagramPurakau cycles of human development diagram
Purakau cycles of human development diagramDr Jacquelyn Elkington
 
Immigration in-australia infographic-mccrindle
Immigration in-australia infographic-mccrindleImmigration in-australia infographic-mccrindle
Immigration in-australia infographic-mccrindleMark McCrindle
 

What's hot (8)

EILS Seminar: Workplace Investigations
EILS Seminar: Workplace InvestigationsEILS Seminar: Workplace Investigations
EILS Seminar: Workplace Investigations
 
Nga waiata
Nga waiataNga waiata
Nga waiata
 
Wellington
WellingtonWellington
Wellington
 
Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma
Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma
Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma
 
презентація нова зеландія
презентація нова зеландіяпрезентація нова зеландія
презентація нова зеландія
 
Tangata tiriti treaty people community learning about the treaty of waitangi
Tangata tiriti treaty people  community learning about the treaty of waitangiTangata tiriti treaty people  community learning about the treaty of waitangi
Tangata tiriti treaty people community learning about the treaty of waitangi
 
Purakau cycles of human development diagram
Purakau cycles of human development diagramPurakau cycles of human development diagram
Purakau cycles of human development diagram
 
Immigration in-australia infographic-mccrindle
Immigration in-australia infographic-mccrindleImmigration in-australia infographic-mccrindle
Immigration in-australia infographic-mccrindle
 

Viewers also liked

Western and Maori Models of Counselling
Western and Maori Models of CounsellingWestern and Maori Models of Counselling
Western and Maori Models of Counsellingtaima
 
Hauora 1 1 2010
Hauora 1 1 2010Hauora 1 1 2010
Hauora 1 1 2010ryanm9
 
Idle No More-Aotearoa The Spoken Word Presentation by Michael Frew
Idle No More-Aotearoa The Spoken Word Presentation by Michael FrewIdle No More-Aotearoa The Spoken Word Presentation by Michael Frew
Idle No More-Aotearoa The Spoken Word Presentation by Michael FrewDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Maori wisdom -- Self-care and the Whare Tapa Wha model
Maori wisdom -- Self-care and the Whare Tapa Wha modelMaori wisdom -- Self-care and the Whare Tapa Wha model
Maori wisdom -- Self-care and the Whare Tapa Wha modelAlan MacKenzie
 
Hauora wellbeing
Hauora wellbeing Hauora wellbeing
Hauora wellbeing selbie
 
Tua o Te Arai: unveiling understandings
Tua o Te Arai: unveiling understandingsTua o Te Arai: unveiling understandings
Tua o Te Arai: unveiling understandingsMHF Suicide Prevention
 
Losses and Gains: Physical Activities and Sports in the Life Course
Losses and Gains: Physical Activities and Sports in the Life CourseLosses and Gains: Physical Activities and Sports in the Life Course
Losses and Gains: Physical Activities and Sports in the Life CourseUniversity of Bath
 
Hauora essays instructions
Hauora essays instructionsHauora essays instructions
Hauora essays instructionsselbie
 
M Lammers, Culturally responsive interventions for Maori clients
M Lammers, Culturally responsive interventions for Maori clientsM Lammers, Culturally responsive interventions for Maori clients
M Lammers, Culturally responsive interventions for Maori clientsNZ Psychological Society
 
Historical intergenerational trauma.part 1 epigenetic research
Historical intergenerational trauma.part 1 epigenetic researchHistorical intergenerational trauma.part 1 epigenetic research
Historical intergenerational trauma.part 1 epigenetic researchDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Healthism and Wellbeing + key terms Scholarship
Healthism and Wellbeing + key terms ScholarshipHealthism and Wellbeing + key terms Scholarship
Healthism and Wellbeing + key terms ScholarshipTracey Cusdin
 
New Zealand 1800 1900 Part B Economy And Politics 2011 Class Version
New Zealand 1800 1900 Part B   Economy And Politics 2011 Class VersionNew Zealand 1800 1900 Part B   Economy And Politics 2011 Class Version
New Zealand 1800 1900 Part B Economy And Politics 2011 Class VersionHenry Hollis
 
Historical context of post – colonial new zealand
Historical context of post – colonial new zealandHistorical context of post – colonial new zealand
Historical context of post – colonial new zealandLuke Metz
 
New Zealand 1800 1900 Race Relations 2011 Classroom Version
New Zealand 1800 1900  Race Relations   2011 Classroom VersionNew Zealand 1800 1900  Race Relations   2011 Classroom Version
New Zealand 1800 1900 Race Relations 2011 Classroom VersionHenry Hollis
 
New Zealand: The Contact Period Revision
New Zealand: The Contact Period RevisionNew Zealand: The Contact Period Revision
New Zealand: The Contact Period RevisionHenry Hollis
 
Maori Ta Moko Project
Maori Ta Moko ProjectMaori Ta Moko Project
Maori Ta Moko ProjectLaura Johnson
 
12. confirmation
12. confirmation12. confirmation
12. confirmationejmendoza
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Western and Maori Models of Counselling
Western and Maori Models of CounsellingWestern and Maori Models of Counselling
Western and Maori Models of Counselling
 
Maori human development theory
Maori human development theory Maori human development theory
Maori human development theory
 
Hauora 1 1 2010
Hauora 1 1 2010Hauora 1 1 2010
Hauora 1 1 2010
 
Idle No More-Aotearoa The Spoken Word Presentation by Michael Frew
Idle No More-Aotearoa The Spoken Word Presentation by Michael FrewIdle No More-Aotearoa The Spoken Word Presentation by Michael Frew
Idle No More-Aotearoa The Spoken Word Presentation by Michael Frew
 
Hauroa
Hauroa Hauroa
Hauroa
 
Maori wisdom -- Self-care and the Whare Tapa Wha model
Maori wisdom -- Self-care and the Whare Tapa Wha modelMaori wisdom -- Self-care and the Whare Tapa Wha model
Maori wisdom -- Self-care and the Whare Tapa Wha model
 
Hauora wellbeing
Hauora wellbeing Hauora wellbeing
Hauora wellbeing
 
Tua o Te Arai: unveiling understandings
Tua o Te Arai: unveiling understandingsTua o Te Arai: unveiling understandings
Tua o Te Arai: unveiling understandings
 
PE2.1
PE2.1PE2.1
PE2.1
 
Losses and Gains: Physical Activities and Sports in the Life Course
Losses and Gains: Physical Activities and Sports in the Life CourseLosses and Gains: Physical Activities and Sports in the Life Course
Losses and Gains: Physical Activities and Sports in the Life Course
 
Hauora essays instructions
Hauora essays instructionsHauora essays instructions
Hauora essays instructions
 
M Lammers, Culturally responsive interventions for Maori clients
M Lammers, Culturally responsive interventions for Maori clientsM Lammers, Culturally responsive interventions for Maori clients
M Lammers, Culturally responsive interventions for Maori clients
 
Historical intergenerational trauma.part 1 epigenetic research
Historical intergenerational trauma.part 1 epigenetic researchHistorical intergenerational trauma.part 1 epigenetic research
Historical intergenerational trauma.part 1 epigenetic research
 
Healthism and Wellbeing + key terms Scholarship
Healthism and Wellbeing + key terms ScholarshipHealthism and Wellbeing + key terms Scholarship
Healthism and Wellbeing + key terms Scholarship
 
New Zealand 1800 1900 Part B Economy And Politics 2011 Class Version
New Zealand 1800 1900 Part B   Economy And Politics 2011 Class VersionNew Zealand 1800 1900 Part B   Economy And Politics 2011 Class Version
New Zealand 1800 1900 Part B Economy And Politics 2011 Class Version
 
Historical context of post – colonial new zealand
Historical context of post – colonial new zealandHistorical context of post – colonial new zealand
Historical context of post – colonial new zealand
 
New Zealand 1800 1900 Race Relations 2011 Classroom Version
New Zealand 1800 1900  Race Relations   2011 Classroom VersionNew Zealand 1800 1900  Race Relations   2011 Classroom Version
New Zealand 1800 1900 Race Relations 2011 Classroom Version
 
New Zealand: The Contact Period Revision
New Zealand: The Contact Period RevisionNew Zealand: The Contact Period Revision
New Zealand: The Contact Period Revision
 
Maori Ta Moko Project
Maori Ta Moko ProjectMaori Ta Moko Project
Maori Ta Moko Project
 
12. confirmation
12. confirmation12. confirmation
12. confirmation
 

Similar to The transmission of Maaori narratives of Historical Intergenerational Trauma with Principles and Values through Traditional and Contemporary Waiata

Parihaka presentation
Parihaka presentationParihaka presentation
Parihaka presentationManu Caddie
 
Grief And Mourning Essay
Grief And Mourning EssayGrief And Mourning Essay
Grief And Mourning EssayKimberly Jones
 
Maori and Sustainability
Maori and SustainabilityMaori and Sustainability
Maori and SustainabilityAnna Hughes
 
The M �� Ori Culture
The M �� Ori CultureThe M �� Ori Culture
The M �� Ori CultureLaura Benitez
 
Indigenous Peoples of the Pacific Northwest
Indigenous Peoples of the Pacific NorthwestIndigenous Peoples of the Pacific Northwest
Indigenous Peoples of the Pacific NorthwestK-12 STUDY CANADA
 
Facets of Philippine Culture.pptx
Facets of Philippine Culture.pptxFacets of Philippine Culture.pptx
Facets of Philippine Culture.pptxBlackHornet1
 
Unit 2 Workplace Childcare And Early Childhood Education
Unit 2 Workplace Childcare And Early Childhood EducationUnit 2 Workplace Childcare And Early Childhood Education
Unit 2 Workplace Childcare And Early Childhood EducationErin Perez
 
1.+cultural+heritage
1.+cultural+heritage1.+cultural+heritage
1.+cultural+heritagePatson Opido
 
Telling indigenous stories_all_colour
Telling indigenous stories_all_colourTelling indigenous stories_all_colour
Telling indigenous stories_all_colourLisa Logan
 
Meeting Culture Essay
Meeting Culture EssayMeeting Culture Essay
Meeting Culture EssayAnita Strong
 
Presentación de Patrick Katelo (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indí...
Presentación de Patrick Katelo (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indí...Presentación de Patrick Katelo (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indí...
Presentación de Patrick Katelo (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indí...FAO
 
Addressing risk and resilience: an analysis of Māori communities and cultural...
Addressing risk and resilience: an analysis of Māori communities and cultural...Addressing risk and resilience: an analysis of Māori communities and cultural...
Addressing risk and resilience: an analysis of Māori communities and cultural...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Inquiry[1]
Inquiry[1]Inquiry[1]
Inquiry[1]Aileen
 
Inquiry[1]
Inquiry[1]Inquiry[1]
Inquiry[1]Aileen
 

Similar to The transmission of Maaori narratives of Historical Intergenerational Trauma with Principles and Values through Traditional and Contemporary Waiata (20)

Parihaka presentation
Parihaka presentationParihaka presentation
Parihaka presentation
 
Grief And Mourning Essay
Grief And Mourning EssayGrief And Mourning Essay
Grief And Mourning Essay
 
Maori and Sustainability
Maori and SustainabilityMaori and Sustainability
Maori and Sustainability
 
A Report On The Day
A Report On The DayA Report On The Day
A Report On The Day
 
The M �� Ori Culture
The M �� Ori CultureThe M �� Ori Culture
The M �� Ori Culture
 
Indigenous Peoples of the Pacific Northwest
Indigenous Peoples of the Pacific NorthwestIndigenous Peoples of the Pacific Northwest
Indigenous Peoples of the Pacific Northwest
 
Facets of Philippine Culture.pptx
Facets of Philippine Culture.pptxFacets of Philippine Culture.pptx
Facets of Philippine Culture.pptx
 
Unit 2 Workplace Childcare And Early Childhood Education
Unit 2 Workplace Childcare And Early Childhood EducationUnit 2 Workplace Childcare And Early Childhood Education
Unit 2 Workplace Childcare And Early Childhood Education
 
1.+cultural+heritage
1.+cultural+heritage1.+cultural+heritage
1.+cultural+heritage
 
Telling indigenous stories_all_colour
Telling indigenous stories_all_colourTelling indigenous stories_all_colour
Telling indigenous stories_all_colour
 
Meeting Culture Essay
Meeting Culture EssayMeeting Culture Essay
Meeting Culture Essay
 
0 preservation of heritage and tribal culture
0 preservation of heritage and tribal culture0 preservation of heritage and tribal culture
0 preservation of heritage and tribal culture
 
Presentación de Patrick Katelo (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indí...
Presentación de Patrick Katelo (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indí...Presentación de Patrick Katelo (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indí...
Presentación de Patrick Katelo (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indí...
 
Addressing risk and resilience: an analysis of Māori communities and cultural...
Addressing risk and resilience: an analysis of Māori communities and cultural...Addressing risk and resilience: an analysis of Māori communities and cultural...
Addressing risk and resilience: an analysis of Māori communities and cultural...
 
Te Kohikohinga Maori
Te Kohikohinga MaoriTe Kohikohinga Maori
Te Kohikohinga Maori
 
New zealand presetantion
New zealand presetantionNew zealand presetantion
New zealand presetantion
 
richter research paper
richter research paperrichter research paper
richter research paper
 
Religion & Governance 2.pdf
Religion & Governance 2.pdfReligion & Governance 2.pdf
Religion & Governance 2.pdf
 
Inquiry[1]
Inquiry[1]Inquiry[1]
Inquiry[1]
 
Inquiry[1]
Inquiry[1]Inquiry[1]
Inquiry[1]
 

More from Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena

Historical intergenerational trauma part 2 organ recipients
Historical intergenerational trauma part 2 organ recipientsHistorical intergenerational trauma part 2 organ recipients
Historical intergenerational trauma part 2 organ recipientsDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Te Tiriti o Waitangi te wakaminenga 1808 and he wakaputanga 1835
Te Tiriti o Waitangi te wakaminenga 1808 and he wakaputanga 1835Te Tiriti o Waitangi te wakaminenga 1808 and he wakaputanga 1835
Te Tiriti o Waitangi te wakaminenga 1808 and he wakaputanga 1835Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
A basic structure for layering a masters or doctoral thesis
A basic structure for layering a masters or doctoral thesisA basic structure for layering a masters or doctoral thesis
A basic structure for layering a masters or doctoral thesisDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
A formula for structuring and layering an essay
A formula for structuring and layering an essayA formula for structuring and layering an essay
A formula for structuring and layering an essayDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Intro to sociology Applying Conflict theory, Structural Functionalism theory ...
Intro to sociology Applying Conflict theory, Structural Functionalism theory ...Intro to sociology Applying Conflict theory, Structural Functionalism theory ...
Intro to sociology Applying Conflict theory, Structural Functionalism theory ...Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Comparing the policy of Aboriginal Assimilation in Australia, Canada and New ...
Comparing the policy of Aboriginal Assimilation in Australia, Canada and New ...Comparing the policy of Aboriginal Assimilation in Australia, Canada and New ...
Comparing the policy of Aboriginal Assimilation in Australia, Canada and New ...Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 6 Whakaotinga
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 6 WhakaotingaPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 6 Whakaotinga
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 6 WhakaotingaDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 5 Whakaoranga
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 5 WhakaorangaPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 5 Whakaoranga
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 5 WhakaorangaDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 4 Whakaratarata
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 4 WhakaratarataPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 4 Whakaratarata
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 4 WhakaratarataDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakatangitangi
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 WhakatangitangiPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakatangitangi
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 WhakatangitangiDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakapuaki
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 WhakapuakiPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakapuaki
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 WhakapuakiDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 2 Whakatau process 2
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 2 Whakatau process 2Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 2 Whakatau process 2
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 2 Whakatau process 2Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session1 Whakatau process
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session1 Whakatau process Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session1 Whakatau process
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session1 Whakatau process Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 
Takitoru From Parallel to Partnership Mai journal
Takitoru From Parallel to Partnership Mai journalTakitoru From Parallel to Partnership Mai journal
Takitoru From Parallel to Partnership Mai journalDr Rawiri Waretini-Karena
 

More from Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena (20)

Palistinian liberation organisation
Palistinian liberation organisation Palistinian liberation organisation
Palistinian liberation organisation
 
Gender - Sexism 2016
Gender - Sexism 2016Gender - Sexism 2016
Gender - Sexism 2016
 
Red power
Red powerRed power
Red power
 
Historical intergenerational trauma part 2 organ recipients
Historical intergenerational trauma part 2 organ recipientsHistorical intergenerational trauma part 2 organ recipients
Historical intergenerational trauma part 2 organ recipients
 
Racism
RacismRacism
Racism
 
Te Tiriti o Waitangi te wakaminenga 1808 and he wakaputanga 1835
Te Tiriti o Waitangi te wakaminenga 1808 and he wakaputanga 1835Te Tiriti o Waitangi te wakaminenga 1808 and he wakaputanga 1835
Te Tiriti o Waitangi te wakaminenga 1808 and he wakaputanga 1835
 
A basic structure for layering a masters or doctoral thesis
A basic structure for layering a masters or doctoral thesisA basic structure for layering a masters or doctoral thesis
A basic structure for layering a masters or doctoral thesis
 
A formula for structuring and layering an essay
A formula for structuring and layering an essayA formula for structuring and layering an essay
A formula for structuring and layering an essay
 
Intro to sociology Applying Conflict theory, Structural Functionalism theory ...
Intro to sociology Applying Conflict theory, Structural Functionalism theory ...Intro to sociology Applying Conflict theory, Structural Functionalism theory ...
Intro to sociology Applying Conflict theory, Structural Functionalism theory ...
 
Maori Law
Maori Law Maori Law
Maori Law
 
Comparing the policy of Aboriginal Assimilation in Australia, Canada and New ...
Comparing the policy of Aboriginal Assimilation in Australia, Canada and New ...Comparing the policy of Aboriginal Assimilation in Australia, Canada and New ...
Comparing the policy of Aboriginal Assimilation in Australia, Canada and New ...
 
Constructing an essay_template_2014
Constructing an essay_template_2014Constructing an essay_template_2014
Constructing an essay_template_2014
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 6 Whakaotinga
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 6 WhakaotingaPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 6 Whakaotinga
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 6 Whakaotinga
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 5 Whakaoranga
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 5 WhakaorangaPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 5 Whakaoranga
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 5 Whakaoranga
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 4 Whakaratarata
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 4 WhakaratarataPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 4 Whakaratarata
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 4 Whakaratarata
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakatangitangi
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 WhakatangitangiPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakatangitangi
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakatangitangi
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakapuaki
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 WhakapuakiPoowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakapuaki
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 3 Whakapuaki
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 2 Whakatau process 2
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 2 Whakatau process 2Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 2 Whakatau process 2
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session 2 Whakatau process 2
 
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session1 Whakatau process
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session1 Whakatau process Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session1 Whakatau process
Poowhiri Poutama Framework Session1 Whakatau process
 
Takitoru From Parallel to Partnership Mai journal
Takitoru From Parallel to Partnership Mai journalTakitoru From Parallel to Partnership Mai journal
Takitoru From Parallel to Partnership Mai journal
 

Recently uploaded

Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxPractical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxIntroduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxRenuka N Sunagad
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Rabiya Husain
 
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdfEDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdfElizabeth Walsh
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEDISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEMYDA ANGELICA SUAN
 
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUSC_Library
 
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfWriting Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Dr. Vinod Kumar Kanvaria
 
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionTushar Tank
 
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxEvaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxgarvitnanecha
 
UniSC Sunshine Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Sunshine Coast library self-guided tourUniSC Sunshine Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Sunshine Coast library self-guided tourUSC_Library
 
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYSOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYGloriaRamos83
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONUNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONSayali Powar
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUSC_Library
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxPractical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
 
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxIntroduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
 
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
 
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
 
first section physiology laboratory.pptx
first section physiology laboratory.pptxfirst section physiology laboratory.pptx
first section physiology laboratory.pptx
 
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdfEDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
 
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEDISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
 
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
 
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfWriting Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
 
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
 
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
 
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxEvaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
 
UniSC Sunshine Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Sunshine Coast library self-guided tourUniSC Sunshine Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Sunshine Coast library self-guided tour
 
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYSOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
 
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONUNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
 
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
 

The transmission of Maaori narratives of Historical Intergenerational Trauma with Principles and Values through Traditional and Contemporary Waiata

  • 1. The Transmission of Māori Narratives (Historical Intergenerational Trauma) Principles & Values through Traditional and Contemporary Waiata By Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena Art by Bryce Gallery 2015 He Manawa Whenua International Indigenous Research Conference Presentation 2015
  • 2. Transmission of Māori Narratives • This presentation focuses on traditional waiata for transmitting Māori experiences of historical / cultural trauma across generations. • It also examines contemporary waiata as a means for transforming and healing trauma
  • 3. Definition Cultural trauma refers to a dramatic loss of identity and meaning, a tear in the social fabric, affecting a group of people that has achieved some degree of cohesion (Eyeman, 2002)
  • 4. Investigating Trauma in Academic writing • This journey began by wanting to research Māori academic writing on historical intergenerational trauma • Articles from Indigenous academic authors across the world became apparent. • No articles from Māori academic authors were apparent at this time • This led to focusing on Māori expressions of trauma through Māori mediums
  • 5. Examples of mediums where Māori experiences and expressions of Historical Intergenerational Trauma are transmitted Whaikoorero - Whakapapa Moteatea Kapa haka Ta Moko Mahi Whakairo Waiata tawhito Māori Hip Hop Contemporary Waiata Māori Art Pūrākau, Pakiwaitara
  • 6. Matariki – Waiata- Background • The concept of the waiata came from a letter written by friend Marama Davidson. • She wrote a letter to her tamariki and read it to them while they slept. • It conveyed that when they grow up they will meet challenges in their lives. • That when those challenges come, that her tamariki meet them with dignity, and integrity, and work through them. • Ki te kore ki te pō ki te Ao marama • The process for instilling principles and values through traditional means was investigated • The essence of this letter is conveyed with permission, in the Matariki waiata –
  • 7. Matariki - WaiataV1 Te Karanga, o te whaea He Kakano kahurangi o ngā - tupuna He pono, ngā kete a mātauranga Ka piki te ora, ngā ara tika Nga taonga tu-ku-iho- Nga taonga tu-ku-iho- nga moemoe-a-a-a-a Chorus Ko Matariki, ki ngā tamariki o ngā whetu Oh oh Etu, kia mau, kia kaha,oh oh oh oh oh Oh oh Te Wehi, te Ihi, te Mana,oh oh oh oh oh He Whakapuaki kia whiti te pō Te Ao Marama oh-oh-oh Te Ao Marama oh-oh-oh Te Ao Marama Grand Uncle Rawiri singing Matariki waiata to Moko Saraya
  • 8. Timeline of Te Kingitanga
  • 9. Kingitanga- Renaissance & Development • In June 1858 Potatau Te Wherowhero was installed as the Maori King in a ceremony at Ngaruawhahia • The purpose was to: 1. To stop the blood shed 2. To unite the people 3. To stop the sale of land to colonial settlers
  • 10. Waikato Invasion – Resistance to Colonisation Grey and Cameron made careful preparations for the invasion of the Waikato • Armed and armoured steamers were acquired for the Waikato river. • The Great South Road and protective forts were built. • A supply organization was built • A military telegraph linked Auckland to the front • Three extra regiments and other reinforcements were 'prised' out of the Imperial Government • Three battles took place at Rangiriri, Orakau, and Rangiaowhia
  • 13. Aftermath of Orakau Battle 1864 • After the Orakau battle Ngāti Apakura were blamed for staging the battle • History has revealed that Ngāti Apakura were innocent of accusations made against them by the settlers and the British Empire. • Their land, resources and assets were confiscated, and they were forced off their land • Ngāti Apakura experienced their trail of tears, and began migrating to their relatives in Taupo • Their Rangatira Te Wano climbed the hill Titiraupenga to survey the land of his ancestors. He became so distraught that he died of a broken heart • Te Rangiāmoa his niece composed the waiata E Pā to Hau in tribute to Te Wano. Karetu, T 1984
  • 14. E Pā to Hau The Caressing Wind – Waiata Tangi- Background • E Pā to Hau is a traditional waiata tangi that is sung on marae and in hui across Aotearoa NZ • This waiata is one example of how the transmission of historical intergenerational trauma is passed from generation to generation in contemporary times
  • 15. E Pā to Hau The Caressing Wind – Waiata Tangi
  • 16. Quote It is helpful to introduce a theory of cultural trauma to shed light on a socio-psychological dimension of remembering. What can stem from a theory of cultural trauma is a theory of collective memory that can give us new analytical leverage to study how commemorative practices ...play out in memory-identity formation of a collective. (Arbor, 2006)
  • 17. Destruction of Māori Society • “The destruction of the Māori occurred at three levels, economic, political and ideological”... The use of state force to break the elders control of Māori society was necessary... By the destruction of Māori society, the state as midwife of history, introduced the capitalist mode of production in New Zealand” (Bedgood, D, 1978, p. 286).
  • 18. Exiled into - Ngāti Maniapoto rohe • Waikato Tainui went into exile living in the King Country for nearly twenty years
  • 19. Laying down Arms 1881 • In July 1881, Tawhiao in a meeting with the government's representative at Alexandra (Pirongia) laid down his weapons, saying, 'This is the end of warfare in this land.‘ • Tawhiao choose the mantle of peace and advocated that Waikato Tainui never fight again. • In the aftermath of the Waikato invasion Waikato Tainui people were displaced, impoverished, and disconnected and dislocated from their ancestral lands • Tawhiao as a visionary brought forth a prophetic saying that was to become the basis for the return of Waikato Tainui land and resources
  • 21. Māku anō e hanga, tōku nei whare- • Tawhiao’s tongi stated that a house will be re-built using the Hinau, the Mahoe and the Patetē • These are not the rangatira trees such as the Totora or the Kauri. • These are the common trees found in abundance in the ngahere (forests) • Tawhiao was referring to the Māori world being reformed through the power of the common people.
  • 22. Re-establishing links to Whānau, hapū, iwi in Waikato Tainui Tawhiao seeks an unsuccessful audience with Queen Victoria Institutes Māori parliament – Kauhanganui • Poukai • Regatta
  • 23. Renaissance & Development Resistance to colonisation Resilience in the face of invasion Re-emergence as a people Economic & cultural sustainability post settlement Intergenerational Timeline Revisits British Empire
  • 25. The Royal Apology • Queen Elizabeth II gives an official Royal Apology for the invasion of the Waikato in July 1863. • Queen Elizabeth II acknowledges that the action of the British Empire and the New Zealand Settler Government was wrong. • Queen Elizabeth II also acknowledges that Waikato Tainui were not rebelling, but were protecting their lands, assets and families
  • 26. The Royal Apology – Video link • http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/video/32507/royal-apology-to-tainui- 1995
  • 27. Kingitanga - Waikato Tainui 2015 King Tawhiao’s Tongi / prophesy comes to pass
  • 28. Kingitanga - Waikato Tainui 2015 • Net worth of 1.1 Billion dollars • Developed initiatives for health, wellbeing & social services • Focuses on education, research & Te Reo Māori language (Waikato dialect) as a prerogative • Establishes housing initiatives for Waikato Tainui people
  • 29. Waikato Tainui- people today • Although economically Waikato Tainui have over come impacts stemming from colonisation, the psychological and intergenerational impacts are still evident. • The Colonising tree in the next slide makes links between Māori deficit statistics, mechanisms associated with Māori experiences of historical intergenerational trauma, and the root causes of historical intergenerational trauma stemming from the impacts of colonisation in Aotearoa NZ and across the Indigenous world
  • 31. Stress Coping Model - Background • The stress coping model developed by Dr Karina Walters & Dr Jane Simmoni. • The stress coping model emphasises how historical intergenerational trauma trickles into Indigenous Māori socio cultural influences, socio environmental influences, and socio economic influences • It highlights that buffers to these influences include the restoration of cultural heritage and cultural identity through returning to original purpose, traditions, original rituals and original ceremonies
  • 32. Historical Intergenerational Trauma Socio-cultural influences Socio- Environmental Influences Socio-Economic Influences CULTURAL BUFFERS Restoration of Cultural heritage / identity Return to original purpose Māori deficit statistics Stress Coping (Walters, K & Simoni, 2002) Substance abuse Stress Coping Model
  • 33. Traditional Healing Rituals and Ceremonies The Pure- Healing Ritual • The pure is a traditional ritual and ceremony that has been used to remove the spiritual and psychological affects that stem from trauma • Adults who had taken part in the tohi and pure rites then underwent a process of whakanoa (the removal of tapu) at a ceremony conducted near the latrine (turuma), or at a stream. (Te Ara, 2015)
  • 34. The Pure: Traditional healing ceremony The pure rites are for removing tapu. They comprise a ceremony for spiritual cleansing, healing, and renewal (Awatere, 2033,p. 481).
  • 35. Responding to Trauma through contemporary waiata • The waiata Te WaiOra was written by Rawiri Waretini-Karena & Joesephine Nathan as a result of having an understanding of, and experiencing the traditional spirit healing ritual known as Te Pure. • This waiata was used to support Masters student Joesephine Nathan in a Master’s performance in Maungawhau Auckland • It captures the essence of healing from the impacts of trauma
  • 36. Te WaiOra- Healing Waters- Waiata Te Waiora – Healing waters Tangaroa flowing through the moana x2 Puna roimata, well spring of healing, Hei oranga kei te ora hauora x 2 Taku taumaha- Healing burdens Taku wairua, korowai aroha Te Waiora- Healing waters Tangaroa flowing through the moana x3
  • 37. Conclusion • Tradition waiata tawhito has been used to transmit intergenerational trauma • Contemporary waiata can also be used to heal historical trauma and transform the future
  • 38. Reference Arbor, A.(1984). Reiterated commemoration: Hiroshima as national trauma. New York: USA. American Sociological Association Awatere, A. (2003). Awatere; a soldiers story. Wellington:NZ. Huia Publishers Bedggood, D. (1978). New Zealand’s semi-colonial development. Department of Sociology. University of Auckland: New Zealand Eyeman, R.(2002). Cultural Trauma: Slavery and the Formation of African American Identity. New York: USA. Cambridge University Press Karetu, T.(1984). Te Reo Rangatira: A course in Māori for sixth and seventh forms. Wellington: New Zealand. P.D. Hasselberg, Government Printer Te Ara. (2015). Traditional Māori religion: rituals and ceremonies. Retrieved July 4 2015 from: http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/traditional-maori-religion-nga-karakia-a-te-maori/page-5 Walters, K & Simoni, J. (2002). Reconceptualising Native Women’s health: An “Indigenist” Stress Coping model. Retrieved July 4 2015 from: http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.92.4.520