www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.comTEATea is prepared from the leaf bud and top leaves of a tropicalevergreen bush called Camellia sinesis. It produces what isregarded as a healthy beverage containing approximately only halfthe caffeine of coffee and at the same time it aids musclerelaxation and stimulates the central nervous system.
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.comHistoryTea was discovered by accident over 5000 years when leaves from a tea bush accidently dropped into some boiling water and delicately flavoured the drink. Tea was originally drunk for its medicinal benefits and it was not until the 1700‟s that it began to be consumed as the delicious beverage that we know today.
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.comPRODUCING COUNTIRES• India- largest producer• China• Sri lanka• East Africa( Kenya, Zimbabwe, Tanzania)• Indonesia
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.comSTORAGE• Tea should be stored in the following manner• In a dry, cleaned and covered container• In a well-ventilated area• Away from excess moisture• Must not be kept near any strong smelling food as tea absorbs odour very quickly
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.comThe manufacturing process• witheringThe objective of withering is to reduce the moisture content in the tea leaf. The plucked leaves are laid out in troughs where air is passed through the tea, removing the moisture. This can take up to 17 hours and by the end of the process the leaves have a wilted appearance.
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.com• rollingThere are two types of rolling: Orthodox Where the leaves are rolled between rollers until gently broken. CTC (Cut, Tear, Curl) Where a machine cuts and tears the leaves into smaller pieces.The purpose of this process is to break the leaves so the enzymes are released and the third step of oxidation begins.
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.com• oxidationThe broken leaves are laid out to oxidise or ferment. This part of the process is very important as this will significantly impact the overall taste and quality of the tea. This can take up to two hours.
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.com• dryingTo stop the oxidation process, the tea leaves are heated. The dried tea is now ready to be sorted into grades before packing.
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.comTypes of tea• Black tea- soon after plucking, leaves are subjected to the withering process. The leaves are spread on a perforated rack under the sun till their moisture content reaches 50%. During monsoon, hot air may be used to wither the leaves.• Green tea- it is obtained when leaves are withered, steamed, dried, rolled, and packed. This tea Is not subjected to fermentation. All tea producing countries make green tea. It is considered to be the best tea for health.• Oolong tea- it is made by withering leaves, tossing them in basket to get little bruises, oxidizing partially, baking, rolling, drying and finally frying.
Specialty tea www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.com• Assam Tea- it is rich and has full malty flavour. Suitable for service at breakfast and is served with milk• Darjeeling Tea- a delicate tea with grape flavour and known as the „Champagne of teas‟. Usually served as an afternoon or evening tea with either lemon or little milk if preferred.• Earl grey Tea- a blend of Darjeeling and china tea, flavoured with oil of bergamot. Usually served with lemon or milk.• Jasmine- A green tea which is dried with jasmine. It blossoms and produces a tea which has a scented flavour.• Kenya tea- this tea is referred to as” refreshing tea”. It is served with milk.• Lapsangsauchang- It is smoky, pungent, perfumed tea. It is delicate to the palate and is said to have acquired taste and is served with lemon.• Tisanes- It is a fruit flavoured tea and has herbal infusions. It is used for medicinal purposes and is gaining popularity since the trend is towards healthy eating and drinking. Often these so not contain caffeine.• Srilanka makes a pale golden tea with good flavour. Ceylon blend is still used as a trade name, served with lemon and milk.
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.comCTC• Machinery processed tea, usually from Assam, Sri Lanka and parts of Africa and South America. The processing has three stages (crush, tear, curl or cut, tear, curl), hence the name “CTC” tea. The resultant product looks like small pellets of (usually black) tea. It produces a very strongly flavored, quickly infusing tea that is often used in teabags.
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.comTea brands• Canada• Red Rose Tea• China• Ten Fu Group• France• Betjeman & Barton• Fauchon• Kusmi Tea• Ladurée• Le Palais des Thés• Mariage Frères• Hong Kong• Dai Pai Dong• Luk Yu
• Indonesia www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.com• SariWangi (Unilever)• Ireland• Barrys Tea• Bewleys• Lyons Tea (Unilever)• Punjana• Tetley (Tata Global Beverages)• Israel• Wissotzky Tea• Japan• Lupicia• Malaysia• BOH Tea Plantation• Netherlands• Douwe Egberts (Pickwick)• Sri Lanka• Dilmah• Bogawantalawa (BPL Teas)• Basilur• South Africa• Doubleshot
• United Kingdom• The UK market is dominated by five brands - PG Tips and Tetley, Premier Foods (was bought by an Indian firm: Indias Apeejay Surrendra Group), Associated British food and Bettys & Taylors. Tetley leads the market with 27% share, followed by PG Tips with about 24% share. Premier food is in third place, with about 13% share, Associated British food is 4th with about 11% share and Bettys & Taylors 5th with about 6% share. (Source: ACNielsen Total Cov GB 52 we 25.02.08)• Fortnum & Mason• Bettys and Taylors• Premier food• Associated British foods• Brooke Bond (no longer trading under this name - see PG Tips) (Unilever)• Frederick John Horniman• Lancashire Tea• Lipton (Unilever)• Lyons Tea (Unilever)• Marks & Spencer• Matthew Algie• PG Tips (Unilever)• Ringtons• Scottish Blend (Unilever)• Tetley (Tata Tea Limited)• Twinings (Associated British Foods)• Typhoo (formerly owned by Premier Foods, now owned by Apeejay Surrendra Group)• Whittard of Chelsea• Yorkshire Tea (owned by: Betty & Tailors Bettys and Taylors of Harrogate)• Nambarrie (Twinings)• JING Tea www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.com
www.hospitalitynu.blogspot.com• United States• Mighty Leaf Tea• Numi Organic Tea• Peets Coffee & Tea• The Republic Of Tea• Stash Tea• Tavalon Tea• Tazo• Tea Forté• TeaGschwendner• Teavana• Tetley (Tata Tea Limited)• Upton Tea• Salada tea• Red Rose Tea• Yogi Tea