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Ravi Amruth, Psychology BSc(Hons)K0221004@tees.ac.uk
• Mostly private behaviour (Fox & Hawton, 2004)• “Avoidable physical harm to the self”(Turp, 2003, p.36)• 1 in 600 adults ...
• Existing research has stated that thereis a stigma around deliberate self-harm(Angermeyer, Matschinger & Corrigan,2004; ...
• Q-Methodology– Subjective viewpoints– „Qualiquantilogical‟(Stenner & Stainton-Rogers, 2004)– Vibrant!Method
• Q-Methodology– Subjective viewpoints– ‘Qualiquantilogical’(Stenner & Stainton-Rogers, 2004)– Vibrant!Method
Method
• The media• Existing research(Rayner & Warner, 2003)(Dick, Gleeson, Johnstone, & Weston, 2010)• Quasi-naturalistic source...
• Varimax rotation used• 5 Factors found• Each analysed using factor analysis– Factor A• ‘A stigma is present and the medi...
• Study succeeded in its aims• Statements around the reasoning aroundself-harm similar to previous research(Rayner & Warne...
Any questions?Ravi AmruthPsychology BSc (Hons)k0221004@live.tees.ac.uk@RaviAmruthThank You!
Angermeyer, M., Matschinger, H.,& Corrigan, P., (2004). Familiarity with mental illness and social distance from people wi...
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Ravi Amruth's presentation at the inaugural [2013] Teesside University Undergraduate Research Conference, in which he presented his original piece of research into deliberate self-harm.

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  1. 1. Ravi Amruth, Psychology BSc(Hons)K0221004@tees.ac.uk
  2. 2. • Mostly private behaviour (Fox & Hawton, 2004)• “Avoidable physical harm to the self”(Turp, 2003, p.36)• 1 in 600 adults (Kreitman, 1990)• 19,000 teenagers annually(Hawton et al., 1996, as cited in SCIE,2005)• “Cost burden”(Sinclair, Grey, Rivero-Arias, Saunders & Hawton, 2011,p.263)Deliberate Self-Harm
  3. 3. • Existing research has stated that thereis a stigma around deliberate self-harm(Angermeyer, Matschinger & Corrigan,2004; Hinshaw, 2005, as cited in Law,Rostill-Brookes & Goodman, 2009)• This study aimed to:– Pinpoint why there may be such a stigma– Identify any gender differences in the perceptionof deliberate self-harm.– Seek the wide range of subjective views withinan undergraduate populationStudy Aims
  4. 4. • Q-Methodology– Subjective viewpoints– „Qualiquantilogical‟(Stenner & Stainton-Rogers, 2004)– Vibrant!Method
  5. 5. • Q-Methodology– Subjective viewpoints– ‘Qualiquantilogical’(Stenner & Stainton-Rogers, 2004)– Vibrant!Method
  6. 6. Method
  7. 7. • The media• Existing research(Rayner & Warner, 2003)(Dick, Gleeson, Johnstone, & Weston, 2010)• Quasi-naturalistic sources(Boulanger & Lefin, 2008)Statement Sources
  8. 8. • Varimax rotation used• 5 Factors found• Each analysed using factor analysis– Factor A• ‘A stigma is present and the media is at fault. Self-harmers are suffering as a result’– Factor B• ‘Self-harmers are immature on many levels and need toself-harm to show how they feel inside’.– Factor E• ‘There is a clear stigma around deliberate self-harm,which is a justified, yet incredibly negative behaviourthat is becoming more prevalent.Results
  9. 9. • Study succeeded in its aims• Statements around the reasoning aroundself-harm similar to previous research(Rayner & Warner, 2003; Dick, Gleeson,Johnstone, & Weston, 2010)• Reasons for negative attitudes can be usedin education to reduce stigmatisation• Future research should centre around themedia and its relationship with deliberate self-harm– Message it portrays– „Emo‟ subculture (Scott & Chur-Hansen, 2008).Discussion
  10. 10. Any questions?Ravi AmruthPsychology BSc (Hons)k0221004@live.tees.ac.uk@RaviAmruthThank You!
  11. 11. Angermeyer, M., Matschinger, H.,& Corrigan, P., (2004). Familiarity with mental illness and social distance from people withschizophrenia and major depression: testing a model using data from a representative population survey. SchizophreniaResearch 69, 175–182.Baker, R., Thompson, C., Mannion, R., (2003). Q methodology in health economics. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 11(1), 38-45.Boulanger, P. M., & Lefin, A. L., (2008) Working Paper 3: Social discourses on well-being in Belgium: dimensions andconstituents. A Q-Methodology approach. Retrieved from http://www.wellbebe.be/Mydocs/QMeth-Report.pdf on the 2nd ofApril, 2012.Dick, K., Gleeson, K., Johnstone, L., Weston, C., (2010). Staff beliefs about why people with learning disabilities self-harm: a Q-methodology study. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 39, 233-242.Fox, C., & Hawton, K. (2004). Deliberate self-harm in adolescence. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.Kreitman, N., (1990). Research issues in the epidemiological and public health aspects of suicide and para-suicide. In D.Goldberg & D. Tantam (Eds) The Public Health Impact of Mental Disorder. P.73-82. Stuttgart: Hogrefe & Huber.Law, G., Rostill-Brookes, H. H., & Goodman, D. D. (2009). Public stigma in health and non-healthcare students:Attributions, emotions and willingness to help with adolescent self-harm. International Journal Of NursingStudies, 46(1), 107-118.Matteo, E. K., & You, D. (2012). Reducing mental illness stigma in the classroom. Teaching Of Psychology, 39(2), 121-124.Mercadillo, R. E., Luiz-Díaz, J., Pasaye, E. H., & Barrios, F. A. (2011). Perception of suffering and compassion experience: Brain genderdisparities. Brain And Cognition, 76(1), 5-14.Oldham, J. D., & Kasser, T. (1999). Attitude change in response to information that male homosexuality has a biological basis. Journal of sex& marital therapy, 25(2), 121–4.Rayner, G., & Warner, S., (2003). Self-harming behaviour: from lay perceptions to clinical practise. Counselling PsychologyQuarterly, 16, 4, p.305-329.Reber, B. H., Kaufman, S. E., & Cropp, F., (2000). Assessing Q-Assessor: A validation study of computer-based Q-Sorts versuspaper sorts. Operant Subjectivity, 23, 4, 192-209.Scott, L., & Chur-Hansen, A. (2008). The mental health literacy of rural adolescents: Emo subculture and SMS texting.Australasian Psychiatry, 16(5), 359-362.Sinclair, J. A., Gray, A., Rivero-Arias, O., Saunders, K. A., & Hawton, K. (2011). Healthcare and social services resource useand costs of self-harm patients. Social Psychiatry And Psychiatric Epidemiology, 46(4), 263-271.Social Care Institute for Excellence, (2005). Deliberate self-harm (DSH) among children and adolescents: who is at risk andhow is it recognised. Retrieved from http://www.scie.org.uk/publications/briefings/files/briefing16.pdf on the 1st ofReferences

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