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Robotic Science

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Robotics
Presented by: Raunak Mallick
Contents
• Introduction
• What is Robotics?
• History of Robotics
• Types of Robots
• Mechanism in Robots
• Advantages & Disadvantages
• Conclusion
Introduction
Robotics is science of designing or
building an application of robots.
Simply, robotics may be defined as
“The Study of Robots”. The aim of
robotics to design an efficient robot.
What is Robotics?
A re-programmable , multi
functional, automatic industrial
machine designed to replace human
in hazardous work. It can be used
as:
 An automatic machine sweeper
 An automatic car for a child to play
with
 A machine removing mines in a war
field
 In space
 In military and many more…
History of Robotics
First use of the word “Robotics”
Three laws of Robotics
The first robot “Unimate”
First use of the word “Robotics”
• The word Robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Capek (1890-
1938) in his play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots), published in 1920. The play
begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots. Capek was
reportedly several times a candidate for the Nobel prize for his works.
• The word “Robotics”, used to describe this field of study, was coined accidentally
by the Russian – born, American scientist and science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov
(1920-1992) in 1940s.

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Robotic Science

  • 2. Contents • Introduction • What is Robotics? • History of Robotics • Types of Robots • Mechanism in Robots • Advantages & Disadvantages • Conclusion
  • 3. Introduction Robotics is science of designing or building an application of robots. Simply, robotics may be defined as “The Study of Robots”. The aim of robotics to design an efficient robot.
  • 4. What is Robotics? A re-programmable , multi functional, automatic industrial machine designed to replace human in hazardous work. It can be used as:  An automatic machine sweeper  An automatic car for a child to play with  A machine removing mines in a war field  In space  In military and many more…
  • 5. History of Robotics First use of the word “Robotics” Three laws of Robotics The first robot “Unimate”
  • 6. First use of the word “Robotics” • The word Robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Capek (1890- 1938) in his play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots), published in 1920. The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots. Capek was reportedly several times a candidate for the Nobel prize for his works. • The word “Robotics”, used to describe this field of study, was coined accidentally by the Russian – born, American scientist and science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov (1920-1992) in 1940s.
  • 7. Three laws of Robotics Asimov also proposed his three “Laws of Robotics”, and he later added a “Zeroth law”.  Zeroth Law: A robot may not injured humanity or through inaction , allow humanity to come to harm.  First Law: A robot may not injure a human being or through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law.  Second Law: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law.  Third Law: A robot must protects it own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with a higher order law.
  • 8. The first robot “Unimate” • Unimate was the first industrial robot, which worked on a General Motors assembly line at the Inland Fisher Guide Plant in Ewing Township, New Jersey, in 1961. • It was invented by George Devol in the 1950s using his original patent filed in 1954 and granted in 1961.
  • 9. Types of Robots • Mobile Robots • Stationary Robots • Autonomous Robots • Remote-controlled Robots • Virtual Robots
  • 10. Mechanism in Robots • Sensors • Effectors • Actuators • Controllers • Arms
  • 11. Sensor • A sensor is a device that detects and responds to some type of input from the physical environment. The specific input could be light, heat, motion, moisture, pressure, or any one of a great number of other environmental phenomena. The output is generally a signal that is converted to human-readable display at the sensor location or transmitted electronically over a network for reading or further processing.
  • 12. Effectors • In robotics, an end effector is the device at the end of a Robotic arm, designed to interact with the environment. The exact nature of this device depends on the application of the robot.
  • 13. Actuators • An actuator is a mechanism for activating process control equipment by the use of pneumatic, hydraulic, or electronic signals. There are several types ofactuators in robotic arms. Synchronous Actuator - The motor contains a rotor that rotates in synchrony with the oscillating field or current.
  • 14. Controllers • ABB’s industrial robot controllers offer superior motion control and enable quick integration of additional hardware. IRC5 is ABB’s fifth generation robot controller. Its motion control technology, featuring TrueMove & QuickMove, is key to the robot’s performance in terms of accuracy, speed, cycle- time, programmability and synchronization with external devices. Other features include FlexPendant with touch screen and joystick programming, flexible RAPID language, and powerful communication capabilities.
  • 15. Arms • A robotic arm is a type of mechanical arm, usually programmable, with similar functions to a human arm; the arm may be the sum total of the mechanism or may be part of a more complex robot. ... The terminus of the kinematic chain of the manipulator is called the end effector and it is analogous to the human hand.
  • 16. Advantages & Disadvantages Advantages • Going to far away planets. • Going us information that humans can’t get. • Working at places 24/7 without any food or salary. • Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves without human interference. Disadvantages • People can lose job in factories. • It needs a supply of power. • It’s costs money to make or buy a robot.
  • 17. Conclusion • Today we find most robots working for people in industries, factories, warehouses, and laboratories. Robots are useful in many ways. For instance, it boosts economy because businesses need to be efficient to keep up with the industry competition. Therefore, having robots helps business owners to be competitive, because robots can do jobs better and faster than humans can, e.g. robot can built, assemble a car. Yet robots cannot perform every job; today robots roles include assisting research and industry. Finally, as the technology improves, there will be new ways to use robots which will bring new hopes and new potentials.