8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka DA* *DA=Digital Archiving
<ul><li>Digital archiving is about preserving information regardless of the object on which that information is stored. Th...
<ul><li>Preservation of data </li></ul><ul><li>Digital access to the information </li></ul><ul><li>Secure copying in digit...
<ul><li>Developed by UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>Versions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CDS/ISIS for DOS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Windows-based system </li></ul><ul><li>Graphical user environment  </li></ul><ul><li>Drop down menus also activate...
<ul><li>Field Definition Table   (FDT) </li></ul><ul><li>Data Entry Worksheet(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Print Format (PFT) </li...
<ul><li>Field Definition Table  (FDT) :   </li></ul><ul><li>This is defines the fields such as Title of project, Superviso...
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
<ul><li>Data Entry Worksheet(s)  :   </li></ul><ul><li>The worksheet is the screen layout used to create and/or update the...
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
<ul><li>Print Format (PFT):   </li></ul><ul><li>The PFT is the format for display or printing of records.  </li></ul><ul><...
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
<ul><li>Field Selection Table(s) (FST):   </li></ul><ul><li>FST defines fields that can be searched in the database. Searc...
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
<ul><li>Step 1:   </li></ul><ul><li>Open the Expert Search box from Search menu </li></ul>8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposi...
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
<ul><li>Step 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Open Search Window and searching </li></ul>8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, ...
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
<ul><li>Search result for the term  </li></ul>8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka Step 3:
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
<ul><li>Step 4: </li></ul><ul><li>Full text Document opened (You can read the map here) </li></ul>8/7/2010  Archaeological...
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka Somadeva (2007), Ranchamadama Excavation
<ul><li>easy to back-up files  </li></ul><ul><li>sharing, exchanging and archiving documents effectively </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Technical Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Stored in always fire-proof </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-magnetic facilities separate...
<ul><li>Human Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of skills manpower  </li></ul><ul><li>Trepidation for new technology </li></ul...
<ul><li>Conducting DA Awareness program </li></ul><ul><li>Training existing staff </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct in house works...
<ul><li>There no any systematic method to preserve most important archaeological data and information for future generatio...
<ul><li>Brown, Adrian et al (1998),   Digital Archives from Excavation and Fieldwork: Guide to Good   Practice (Peer Revie...
<ul><li>Prof. Raj Somadeva, Senior Lecturer, PGIAR, University of kelaniya </li></ul><ul><li>Mr.Jayathunga Amaraweera, Lec...
8/7/2010  Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri  Lanka
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Towards an effective digital archiving system for archaeological complete 2010

  1. 1. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  2. 2. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka DA* *DA=Digital Archiving
  3. 3. <ul><li>Digital archiving is about preserving information regardless of the object on which that information is stored. The content, structure, and context of the information must be preserved in order for digital records to be migrated from one medium and format to the next. This is because diskettes and other magnetic media degrade and software and hardware change rapidly: the physical media on which digital data are stored are impermanent ( Brown et al 1998 ). </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  4. 4. <ul><li>Preservation of data </li></ul><ul><li>Digital access to the information </li></ul><ul><li>Secure copying in digital form </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained for the future </li></ul><ul><li>On-line and remotely accessible way </li></ul><ul><li>Providing better services </li></ul><ul><li>To provide personalized and retrospective services in efficient way </li></ul><ul><li>To minimize massive storage and space problem </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  5. 5. <ul><li>Developed by UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>Versions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CDS/ISIS for DOS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CDS/ISIS FOR WINDOWS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WWWISIS </li></ul></ul></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka CDS/ISIS for Windows- WINISIS
  6. 6. <ul><li>Windows-based system </li></ul><ul><li>Graphical user environment </li></ul><ul><li>Drop down menus also activated by the mouse </li></ul><ul><li>CDS/ISIS was developed for bibliographic information, i.e. information about documents such as books, journal articles or conference proceedings. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Software </li></ul><ul><li>doc, xls, ppt, html, pdf, audio, video or picture format </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  7. 7. <ul><li>Field Definition Table (FDT) </li></ul><ul><li>Data Entry Worksheet(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Print Format (PFT) </li></ul><ul><li>Field Selection Table(s) (FST) </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  8. 8. <ul><li>Field Definition Table (FDT) : </li></ul><ul><li>This is defines the fields such as Title of project, Supervisor of project etc. of the records in the database and their characteristics. FDT determines the nature of data entry worksheet. </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  9. 9. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  10. 10. <ul><li>Data Entry Worksheet(s) : </li></ul><ul><li>The worksheet is the screen layout used to create and/or update the records of the database. This is one of the key parts of this database. Anyone can create this data entry fields according to their requirements </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  11. 11. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  12. 12. <ul><li>Print Format (PFT): </li></ul><ul><li>The PFT is the format for display or printing of records. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  13. 13. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  14. 14. <ul><li>Field Selection Table(s) (FST): </li></ul><ul><li>FST defines fields that can be searched in the database. Search is made possible by creating an inverted file of terms indexed from the fields chosen for search. </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  15. 15. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  16. 16. <ul><li>Step 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Open the Expert Search box from Search menu </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  17. 17. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  18. 18. <ul><li>Step 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Open Search Window and searching </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  19. 19. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  20. 20. <ul><li>Search result for the term </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka Step 3:
  21. 21. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  22. 22. <ul><li>Step 4: </li></ul><ul><li>Full text Document opened (You can read the map here) </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  23. 23. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka Somadeva (2007), Ranchamadama Excavation
  24. 24. <ul><li>easy to back-up files </li></ul><ul><li>sharing, exchanging and archiving documents effectively </li></ul><ul><li>save money, time, space </li></ul><ul><li>disaster recovery </li></ul><ul><li>productivity </li></ul><ul><li>communication and collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>levels of client satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>accuracy and security </li></ul><ul><li>go green </li></ul><ul><li>long term preservation </li></ul><ul><li>easy and fast access to resources </li></ul><ul><li>information Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>user-friendly mechanism </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  25. 25. <ul><li>Technical Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Stored in always fire-proof </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-magnetic facilities separate from the original data files </li></ul><ul><li>Versioning control </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade of hardware or software </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of database systems </li></ul><ul><li>Virus attack </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  26. 26. <ul><li>Human Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of skills manpower </li></ul><ul><li>Trepidation for new technology </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of financial supports </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of infrastructural facility </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of resources </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  27. 27. <ul><li>Conducting DA Awareness program </li></ul><ul><li>Training existing staff </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct in house workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Participate local, international workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Educated top management of the organization </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  28. 28. <ul><li>There no any systematic method to preserve most important archaeological data and information for future generation in Sri Lanka. Therefore this WINISIS database software system may be extremely useful for field archaeology .I recommend that archaeological information held in digital archives be made available to the widest number of people possible. </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  29. 29. <ul><li>Brown, Adrian et al (1998), Digital Archives from Excavation and Fieldwork: Guide to Good Practice (Peer Review and Consultation Version) </li></ul><ul><li>CDS/ISIS for Windows - version 1.4 January (2001): notes and format examples. UNESCO: Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Rajasekharan. K and Nafala K.M (date not indicated), Creation of Digital Document Archives with Winisis, India: Library & Information Division Kerala Institute of Local Administration. </li></ul><ul><li>  Richards, Julian; Robinson Damian (1998) ,Digital Archives from excavation and Field work: a guide to good practice, 2 nd ed., Oxford: Oxbow books. </li></ul><ul><li>Somadeva, Raj (2007), Ranchamadama Purana Susana Bumiya Keneema, Colombo: PGIAR. </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO (2010),CDS/ISIS database software ,UNESCO and Information processing tools, URL http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php- URL_ID=2071&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html </li></ul><ul><li>Winisis - supplement to the Reference Manual: versions 1.0-1.3, (1998 November) UNESCO: Paris </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  30. 30. <ul><li>Prof. Raj Somadeva, Senior Lecturer, PGIAR, University of kelaniya </li></ul><ul><li>Mr.Jayathunga Amaraweera, Lectutere, Dep.of LISC, University of kelaniya </li></ul><ul><li>Library Staff, Postgraduate Institute of Archaeology, University of Kelaniya </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs:Ramani Withana, PGIAR, University of kelaniya </li></ul><ul><li>Ms.Renuka Sugathadasa, National Science Foundation/ The Library </li></ul>8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  31. 31. 8/7/2010 Archaeological Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka

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